- Wei Yuan
Wei Yuan (zh-cpw|c=魏源|p=Wèi Yuán|w=Wei Yüan,
April 23 1794— August 26 1856), born Wei Yuanda (魏远达), courtesy names Moshen (默深) and Hanshi (汉士), was a Chinese scholarfrom Shaoyang, Hunan. He moved to Yangzhouin 1831, where he remained for the rest of his life. Wei obtained the provincial degree (" juren") in the Imperial examinationsand subsequently worked in the secretariat of several prominent statesmen, such as Lin Zexu. Wei was deeply concerned with the crisis facing China in the early 19th century; but, while he remained loyal to the Qing Dynasty, he also sketched a number of proposals for the improvement of the administration of the empire.
From an early age, Wei espoused the New Text school of
Confucianismand he also became a vocal member of the statecraft school, which advocated practial learning in opposition to the allegedly barren evidentiary scholarship as represented by scholars like Dai Zhen. Among other things, Wei advocated sea transport of grain to the capital instead of using the Grand Canal and he also advocated a strengthening of the Qing Empire's frontier defense. In order to alleviate the demographic crisis in China proper, Wei also spoke in favor of large scale emigration of Han Chineseinto Xinjiang.
Later in his career he became increasingly concerned with the threat from the Western powers and maritime defense. "Military history of the Qing Dynasty" (聖武記, "Shèngwu Ji") and a narrative work on the
Opium War(道光洋艘征撫記, "Daoguang Yangsou Zhengfu Ji" ). Today, he is mostly known for his work from 1844, "Illustrated Treatise on the Maritime Kingdoms" (海國圖志, "Haiguo Tuzhì"), which consisted of Western material collected by Lin Zexu during and after the First Opium War.
* Hummel, Arthur William, ed. "Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912)." 2 vols. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.
*Leonard, Jane Kate. "Wei Yüan and China's Rediscovery of the Maritime World." Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, 1984.
*Tang, Xiren, [http://126.96.36.199/web/Content.asp?ID=75219&Query=1 "Wei Yuan"] . "
Encyclopedia of China", 1st ed.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
WEI YUAN — (1794 1856) Issu d’une famille de lettrés du Hunan, docteur en 1844, il se lie dès 1814 avec Liu Fenglu et Gong Zizhen, adoptant leur interprétation d’un confucianisme évolutionniste, interprétation fondée sur le commentaire de Gongyang, dont il… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Wei Yuan — ▪ Chinese historian Wade Giles romanization Wei Yüan born April 23, 1794, Shaoyang, Hunan province, China died March 26, 1857, Hangzhou, Zhejiang province historian and geographer of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12). Wei was a leader … Universalium
Wei Yuan Hotel — (Кэньдин,Тайвань) Категория отеля: Адрес: No.96, Kending Rd., Hengchun Township, 946 … Каталог отелей
Yuan Zhao — (元釗) (526 May 17, 528 [ [http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2 dyna=%A5 %C3Q king=%A7%B5%B2%F8%AB%D2 reign=%AB%D8%B8q yy=1 ycanzi= mm=4 dd= dcanzi=%A9%B0%A4l 兩千年中西曆轉換 ] ] ), also known in history as Youzhu (幼主, literally the… … Wikipedia
WEI — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Personnalités 2 Lieux 2.1 Astérismes … Wikipédia en Français
Yuan Dehui — (zh cp|c=袁德輝|p=Yuán Déhuī) was a Chinese imperial interpreter. He is best known for translating sections of Emerich de Vattel s Le droit des gens ( The Law of Nations ).A native of Sichuan, Yuan Dehui studied Latin at the Roman Catholic School in … Wikipedia
Wei Yuandi — Cao Huang (chin. 曹璜, Caó Huáng), später Cao Huan (chin. 曹奐, Cáo Hùan, W. G. Ts ao Huan; * 246; † 303) war ein Enkel Cao Caos und herrschte als fünfter und letzter Kaiser der Wei Dynastie unter dem Namen Kaiser Yuan von Wei (chin. 魏元帝, Wèi Yúandì … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wei — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Histoire chinoise 2 Géographie 2.1 … Wikipédia en Français
Yuan Cha — (元叉) (d. 525), courtesy name Bojun (伯雋), nickname Yecha (夜叉), was an official of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei, who initially came to power as the brother in law of Emperor Xiaoming s mother and regent Empress Dowager Hu. In 520, after … Wikipedia
Yuan He — (源賀) (403 October 22, 479 [ [http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2 dyna=%ABn%BB%F4 king=%B0%AA%AB%D2 reign=%AB%D8%A4%B8 yy=1 ycanzi= mm=9 dd= dcanzi=%A9%B0%A5%D3 兩千年中西曆轉換 ] ] ), né Tufa Poqiang (禿髮破羌), formally Prince Xuan of… … Wikipedia