Ferrari F50


Ferrari F50

Infobox Automobile


name=Ferrari F50
manufacturer=Ferrari
parent_company = Fiat Group
layout=RMR layout
production=1995–1997 (349 produced)
assembly=Maranello, Italy
predecessor=Ferrari F40
successor=Ferrari Enzo
related=Ferrari F50 GT
body_style=Berlinetta
engine=4.7 L V12
The Ferrari F50 was a mid-engined range-topping sports car made by Ferrari. The F50 was introduced in 1995 to celebrate the company's 50th anniversary. The car is a two door, two seat convertible with a removable hardtop. It has a 4.7 L naturally-aspirated 60-valve V12 engine that was developed from the 3.5 L V12 used in the 1992 Ferrari F 92 A Formula One car.

Only 349 cars were made, one fewer than Ferrari estimated they could sell. This was, in the words of Ferrari spokesman Antonio Ghini, because "Ferraris are something cultural, a monument. They must be hard to find, so we will produce one less car than the market." The last F50 was produced in Maranello, Italy in July 1997.

The F50's engine predated the car: It was used in the Ferrari 333 SP for the American IMSA series in 1994 allowing it to become eligible for the stock engine WSC category.

Racing

Following the motorsport theme, Ferrari developed the F50 GT, a prototype based on the F50 that was built to compete in GT1-class racing. The car had a fixed roof, large rear spoiler, new front spoiler and many other adjustments. The 4.7 litre V12 engine was tuned to generate around Auto bhp|750|0. In testing in 1996 the car proved to be quicker even than the 333SP, but this went unnoticed as Ferrari canceled the F50 GT project, instead focusing on Formula 1. Ferrari sold off the three complete chassis that were built - the test car 001, 002 and 003. Chassis 002 and 003 had bodies fitted before being sold. The remaining three tubs were apparently destroyed.

A custom-made F50 variant named the Bolide was commissioned by the Sultan of Brunei in 1998 and delivered in the same year.Fact|date=March 2007 It used the F1 derived V12 engine and the same chassis, but was completely redesigned due to the monocoque construction of the body on the F50.Fact|date=March 2007 One car was produced in the coupe configuration. Very few images and no official performance statistics of this car are available.

pecifications

General

*Price (1995): $480,000-$555,000
*Manufactured in: Maranello, Italy
*Number Produced: 349 (1995 to July 1997)
*Inspiration: 1990 Ferrari F1 641 as driven by Alain Prost

Dimensions

*Weight: 2976 lb (1349 kg)
*Distribution: 42%/58% (front/rear)
*Length: convert|176.4|in|mm|0|abbr=on
*Height: convert|44.1|in|mm|0|abbr=on
*Width: convert|78.2|in|mm|0|abbr=on
*Wheelbase: convert|101.6|in|mm|0|abbr=on
*Front track: convert|63.8|in|mm|0|abbr=on
*Rear track: convert|63.1|in|mm|0|abbr=on

Engine

*Type: Tipo F130, model SFE 4.7 VJGAEA
*Position: Mid-engine, rear-wheel drive
*Configuration: Longitudinal 60-valve 65° V12, derived from F1 unit
*Aspiration: Natural, with Variable Length Intake Manifold via butterfly valve in Intake Manifold:*Intake Manifold: Carbon Fiber:*Block: Nodular cast iron:*Heads/Pistons: Light-alloy aluminum heads/forged Mahle pistons:*Oil sump: Aluminium:*Connecting rods: Forged titanium:*Crankshaft: Forged steel:*Cam covers/Oil and Water pump housing: Magnesium sand castings:*Exhaust manifold: Stainless steel
*Engine weight: 436.5 lb
*Timing gear:5 valve/cyl (3 intake, 2 exhaust), 4 overhead camshafts (2 per cylinder bank) driven by low-noise Morse chain
*Displacement: 4698 cc/286.68ci
*Max Power: Auto bhp|513|0 @ 8000 rpm
*Max Torque: Auto ft.lbf|347|0 @ 6500 rpm
*Power/Disp.: 109.1 bhp/litre
*Weight/Power ratio: 5.8 lb/bhp
*Bore x Stroke: 3.35 in. x 2.72 in.
*Bore:Stroke ratio: 1.23:1 (Oversquare)
*Compression ratio: 11.3:1
*Redline: 8500 rpm
*ECU: Bosch Motronic 2.7 (controls the fuel feed, ignition timing, and variable length intake and exhaust systems)
*Fuel feed: Sequential injection
*Ignition: Bosch Static electronic distributor-less ignition
*Lubrication: Dry Sump, tank incorporated within the final drive housing, 3 scavenger pumps
*Variable intake: Butterfly valve in carbon fiber intake manifold closed at low rpm, open at high rpm
*Variable exhaust: Butterfly valve in upper tailpipes closed at low rpm, open at high rpm
*Fuel tank: Foam filled, aeronautical-style Sekur rubber bladder, 27.7 US gal.

Transmission

*Configuration: Longitudinal 6 Speed Manual + Reverse, Limited slip differential, RWD
*Gear ratios: 2.933:1 (1st), 2.157:1 (2nd), 1.681:1 (3rd), 1.360:1 (4th), 1.107:1 (5th), 0.903:1 (6th), 2.529:1 (Reverse)
*Final drive: 3.70:1:*Flywheel: Steel::*Final Drive Assembly: Aluminum sand casting::*Remaining gearset housing: Magnesium sand casting::*Support bracing: Steel
*Clutch: Dry, twin plate
*Cooling: Oil-water intercooler between gearbox lubricant and engine

Chassis

*Type: Central carbon fiber tub, light-alloy suspension and engine-gearbox assembly mounting points co-polymerised to the chassis
*Materials: Carbon fiber, epoxy resin, Nomex honeycomb core, sandwich construction
*Weight: 2249 lb
*Torsional stiffness: Auto ft.lbf|25500|-1 per degree

uspension

*Front: F1-derived, rose-jointed unequal-length wishbones, push-rods, coil springs, Bilstein gas-pressurised monotube dampers, electronic adaptive damping, electronic height adjustment (40 mm max)
*Rear: F1-derived, rose-jointed unequal-length wishbones, push-rods, coil springs, Bilstein gas-pressurised monotube dampers, electronic adaptive damping, mounting points on a spacer between the engine and gearbox
*Travel: 55 mm bump, 60 mm rebound
*Camber angle: -0.7 degrees front, -1.0 degrees rear
*Anti-roll bars: Front and rear
*Max roll angle: 1.5 degrees

teering

*Type: TRW rack and pinion, 3.3 turns lock to lock, unassisted
*Caster angle: 5.5 to 5.7 degrees
*Turning circle: convert|41|ft|m|0|abbr=on

Miscellany

*Electronic Adaptive Damping (Based on steering wheel angle and velocity, the body’s vertical and longitudinal acceleration, brake line pressure, and vehicle speed.)
*Maximum reaction time (from minimum to maximum damping force or vice versa): 140 milliseconds (0.14 sec).
*Average reaction time (from minimum to maximum damping force or vice versa): 25 to 30 milliseconds (.025 to .03 sec)

Wheels/Tires/Brakes

*Wheels: Magnesium alloy, manufactured by Speedline
*Hubs: Titanium
*Brake disc bells/suspension uprights/brake calipers: Aluminum
*Upper and lower wishbones: Black powder-coated steel
*Front Wheels: 18 in. x 8.5 in.
*Front Tires: 245/35ZR-18 Goodyear Eagle F1 GS Fiorano (35psi)
*Front Brakes: 14.0 in. Brembo Cross-drilled & ventilated cast iron discs, 4 piston aluminum Brembo calipers, Pagid brake pads, [unassisted
*Rear Wheels: 18 in. x 13 in.
*Rear Tires: 335/30ZR-18 Goodyear Eagle F1 GS Fiorano (30psi)
*Rear Brakes: 13.2 in. Brembo Cross-drilled & ventilated cast iron discs, 4 piston aluminum Brembo calipers, Pagid brake pads, unassisted
*Unsprung Mass: 99 lb/121 lb (front corners/rear corners)

Colour popularity

*Rosso Corsa (Red): 302
*Giallo Modena (Yellow): 31
*Rosso Barchetta (Dark red): 8
*Argento Nurburgring (Silver): 4
*Nero Daytona (Black): 4

Performance

*0-60 mph: 3.7 sec
*0-100 mph: 8.2 sec
*0-1000 m: 21.7 sec
*0-1 mile: 30.3 sec
*60-0 mph: convert|118|ft|m|0|abbr=on.
*1/4 Mile: 12.1 seconds @ convert|123.0|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on
*Top speed: convert|202|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on
*Downforce: 970 lb @ convert|202|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on, 40%/60% (front/rear)
*Cd: 0.372
*Skidpad: 1.03g
*Slalom: convert|71.8|mi/h|km/h|1|abbr=on
*Fuel economy: 8/11 mpg (cty/hwy) (US gallon) (Factory numbers: 8.4/14.1 mpg)

References

*
* [http://www.F50.com F50 - The ultimate Ferrari]
* [http://www.qv500.com/ferrarif50p1.php Ferrari F50 guide from Qv500.com]


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