- Webster Thayer
Webster Thayer (1857-1933) was an 1879 graduate of
Worcester Academyand Dartmouth Collegeand a former newspaper man. He was appointed a judge of the Superior Courtof Massachusettsin 1917. He is best known as the trial judge for the Sacco and Vanzettitrial.
acco and Vanzetti
Sacco and Vanzetti, followers of Luigi Galleaniand avowed anarchists, were arrested and charged with payroll robberies and murder for the killing of two employees during a payroll robbery.
Thayer had previously tried anarchists accused of violent acts, and did not attempt to disguise his loathing for violent revolutionaries from abroad. In 1920, he rebuked a jury for acquitting
anarchist Sergie Zuboffof violating a criminal anarchy statute. At trial, both Sacco and Vanzetti were found guilty by a jury and sentenced to death. After the trial, Thayer allegedly told a friend during the trial, "Did you see what I did with those anarchist bastards the other day?" Fact|cite|date=October 2008
Thayer denied a post-trial motion for a new trial, an act for which he was condemned by various left-wing and civil liberties groups, along with some legal critics, such as
Felix Frankfurter. In 1920 he rebuked a jury for acquitting anarchist Sergie Zuboffof violating a criminal anarchy statute.
Boston Globereporter said of Judge Thayer’s behavior at the trial that " [He] was conducting himself in an undignified way, in a way I had never seen in thirty-six years." The reporter continued by saying that, "I have seen the judge sit in his gown and spit on the floor."
Jurors in the Sacco-Vanzetti trial, however, were almost unanimous in praising Thayer for the way he conducted the trial. Reading the transcript, one sees few signs of obvious bias. What is most striking, perhaps, is Thayer's oratory, as in his charge to the jury: "Let your eyes be blinded to every ray of sympathy or prejudice, but let them ever be willing to receive the bountiful sunshine of truth...."
For their part, both Sacco and Vanzetti expressed their feelings towards Judge Thayer in unmistakable terms. In a signed article written in support of their defense committee, Vanzetti stated "I will try to see Thayer death [sic] before his pronunciation of our sentence" and asked fellow anarchists for "revenge, revenge in our names and the names of our living and dead." [Watson, Bruce, "Sacco and Vanzetti: The Men, the Murders, and the Judgment of Mankind", Viking Press (2007), ISBN 0670063533, 9780670063536, p. 264] Both men made a pointed reference to
Luigi Galleani's explicit bomb-making manual covertly titled "La Salute è in voi!" (Health is in You!) in response to those who had arrested, prosecuted, or convicted them.
Fellow Galleanists did not wait for retaliation, instituting a deadly campaign of bombing and attempted assassinations that lasted a full five years after Sacco and Vanzetti's execution. Court officials, a juror who had served in the Dedham trial, a police witness, and even Thayer himself were all targeted for assassination by bombs planted at their residences. On September 27, 1932, a dynamite-filled package bomb destroyed Thayer's home in Worcester, Massachusetts. [New York Times, "Bomb Menaces Life of Sacco Case Judge", 27 September 1932] Thayer was unhurt, but his wife and a housekeeper were both injured in the blast. [New York Times, "Bomb Menaces Life of Sacco Case Judge", 27 September 1932] Afterwards, Thayer lived for the remainder of his life at his club in Boston, guarded 24 hours a day by his personal bodyguard as well as by police sentries. He died in 1933 of a cerebral embolism, aged 75.
Sacco and Vanzetti
*Avrich, Paul, "Sacco and Vanzetti: The Anarchist Background", Princeton University Press, 1991
*Obituary, "Time Magazine",
May 1, 1933issue
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Webster Thayer — (* Juli 1857 in Blackstone, Massachusetts; † 1933) war Richter am Superior Court im US Bundesstaat Massachusetts. Für seinen Vorsitz im Fall Sacco und Vanzetti wurde er weltweit bekannt und kritisiert. Leben Webster Thayer wurde im Juli 1857 in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Webster Thayer — (1857 1933) graduado en 1879 en la Worcester Academy y el Dartmouth College, fue nombrado juez de la Corte Suprema de Massachusetts en 1917. Es conocido por ser el juez del caso Sacco y Vanzetti. Juicio a Sacco y Vanzetti En 1920, Sacco y… … Wikipedia Español
Thayer — may refer to:Peopleurname* Abbott Handerson Thayer (1849 1921), American artist * Alexander Wheelock Thayer (1817 1897), author of The life of Ludwig van Beethoven , a standard biography, and other music biographies * Brynn Thayer (b. 1949),… … Wikipedia
Thayer — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abbott Handerson Thayer (1849–1921), US amerikanischer Maler Alexander Wheelock Thayer (1817–1897), US amerikanischer Diplomat und Beethoven Biograf Andrew J. Thayer (1818–1873), US amerikanischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thayer County — Courthouse in Hebron Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Nebraska … Deutsch Wikipedia
Webster County (Nebraska) — Webster County Courthouse, gelistet im NRHP Nr. 81000379 Verwaltung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Comté de Thayer — Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Comté de Webster (Nebraska) — 40° 11′ N 98° 30′ W / 40.18, 98.50 … Wikipédia en Français
Muerte de Sacco y Vanzetti — Ferdinando Nicola Sacco (22 de abril de 1891 – 23 de agosto de 1927) y Bartolomeo Vanzetti (11 de junio de 1888 – 23 de agosto de 1927) eran dos inmigrantes italianos, trabajadores y anarquistas, que fueron juzgados, sentenciados y ejecutados por … Wikipedia Español
Bartholomeo Vanzetti — Sacco (rechts) und Vanzetti (links) als Angeklagte, mit Handschellen aneinander gefesselt Ferdinando „Nicola“ Sacco (* 22. April 1891 in Torremaggiore, Provinz Foggia, Italien; † 23. August 1927 in Charlestown (Massachusetts)) und Bartolomeo… … Deutsch Wikipedia