1943 in the United Kingdom


1943 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1943 in the United Kingdom.

Incumbents

*Monarch - George VI of the United Kingdom
*Prime Minister - Winston Churchill, coalition

Events

* 23 January - World War II: British forces capture Tripoli from the Nazis.cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
* 13 February - Nuffield Foundation established by William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield.
* 3 March - Panic at the sound of new anti-aircraft rockets leads to a crush at Bethnal Green tube station, killing 183 people.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 391-392|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
* 7 May - Capture of Tunis ends the campaign in North Africa.
* 17 May - Operation Chastise (the 'Dambuster Raid') takes place: the Royal Air Force use bouncing bombs to breach German dams in the Ruhr Valley.
* 19 May - Winston Churchill addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress.
* 9 July17 August - World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily.
* 3 September16 September - World War II: Allied invasion of Italy.
* 11 November - The Regency Act 1943 is passed allowing Counsellors of State absent during the Sovereign's absence not to be listed among the appointments; and that the heir-apparent or presumptive to the Throne need only to be 18 to be a Counsellor. [UK-SLD|1087996|Regency Act 1943 (c. 42)]
* 22 November - World War II: War in the Pacific - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and ROC leader Chiang Kai-Shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan.

Undated

* Development of the Colossus computer by British to break German encryption (see History of computing hardware).

Publications

* T. S. Eliot's poetry "Four Quartets".
* C. S. Lewis' novel "Perelandra".

Births

January - February

* 6 January - Terry Venables, English football manager
* 9 January - Freddie Starr, English comedian and singer
* 15 January - Margaret Beckett, politician
* 16 January - Brian Ferneyhough, British composer
* 20 January - Mel Hague, English singer and author
* 29 January - Tony Blackburn, British radio disc jockey
* 7 February - Gareth Hunt, English actor
* 16 February - Anthony Dowell, ballet dancer and artistic director of the Royal Ballet
* 18 February - Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian, and actor
* 19 February - Tim Hunt, British biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* 20 February - Mike Leigh, British film director
* 24 February - George Harrison, English musician (The Beatles) (died 2001)
* 27 February - Graham Bowers, British musician, artist and engineer

March - April

* March - John Leeson, British actor
* 8 March - Lynn Redgrave, English actress
* 21 March - Vivian Stanshall, English comedian, writer, artist, broadcaster, and musician (died 1995)
* 22 March - Keith Relf, British musician (The Yardbirds) (died 1976)
* 29 March
** Eric Idle, English actor, writer, and composer
** John Major, British Conservative politician and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
* 2 April - Frank Feather, British business futurist and author
* 8 April - Tony Banks, Baron Stratford, former Labour Party MP and Minister for Sport (died 2006)
* 20 April - John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
* 25 April - Tony Christie, singer

May - June

* 5 May - Michael Palin, British comedian
* 8 May - Pat Barker, writer and historian
* 14 May - Jack Bruce, British musician and songwriter
* 22 May - Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
* 27 May - Cilla Black, singer-songwriter and television personality
* 8 June - Colin Baker, British actor
* 13 June - Malcolm McDowell, actor
* 29 June - Maureen O'Brien, British actress

July - August

* 10 July - Gavin Strang, politician
* 12 July - Christine McVie, British musician (Fleetwood Mac)
* 15 July - Jocelyn Bell Burnell, astronomer
* 20 July - Wendy Richard, British actress
* 26 July - Mick Jagger, English singer (Rolling Stones)
* 28 July - Rick Wright, English keyboardist (Pink Floyd)
* 2 August - Rose Tremain, author
* 20 August - Sylvester McCoy, British actor
* 22 August - Alun Michael, politician

eptember - October

* 6 September
** Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
** Roger Waters, English musician
* 30 September - Ian Ogilvy, English actor
* 11 October - John Nettles, actor
* 23 October - Anita Roddick, businesswoman (died 2007)
* 31 October - Paul Frampton, English physicist

November - December

* 17 December - Ron Geesin, British musician and songwriter (Pink Floyd)
* 18 December - Keith Richards, English guitarist and songwriter (The Rolling Stones)
* 27 December - Peter Sinfield, British lyricist and producer
* 28 December - Richard Whiteley, English television presenter (died 2005)
* 31 December - Ben Kingsley, English actor

Deaths

* 26 March - Leonard Darwin, soldier, politician, economist, eugenicist (born 1850)
* 26 April - Alastair Windsor, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, son of Prince and Princess Arthur of Connaught (born 1914)
* 30 April - Beatrice Webb, socialist, economist and reformer (born 1858)
* 1 June - Leslie Howard, actor (born 1893)
* 12 August - Bobby Peel, English cricketer (born 1857)
* 7 October - Radclyffe Hall, author and poet (born 1880)
* 26 November - Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, great grandson of Queen Victoria (born 1909, Germany)
* 22 December - Beatrix Potter, British children's author and illustrator (born 1866)

References

ee also


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