Italian North Africa

Italian North Africa

Infobox Former Subdivision
native_name = "Africa Settentrionale Italiana"
conventional_long_name = Italian North Africa
common_name = North Africa
continent = Africa
region =
country = Italy
era =
status_text = Aggregate of Colonies and Territories of Italy
empire = Italy
government_type = Colony
year_start = 1912
year_end = 1943
p1 = Ottoman Empire
flag_p1 = Flag of Turkey.svg
p2 = Kingdom of Egypt
flag_p2 = Flag of Egypt 1922.svg
p3 = Tunisia
flag_p3 = Flag of France.svg

coa_size =
s1 = Cyrenaica
flag_s1 = Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
s2 = Kingdom of Egypt
flag_s2 = Flag of Egypt 1922.svg
s3 = Fezzan
flag_s3 = Flag of France.svg
s4 = Tripolitania
flag_s4 = Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
s5 = Fezzan
flag_s5 = Flag of France.svg
s6 = Tunisia
flag_s6 = Flag of France.svg

image_map_caption = Italian North Africa in November 1942, holding Libya, western Egypt, and Tunisia.
capital =
common_languages = Arabic, Italian
religion = Islam, Roman Catholicism
currency =
leader1 =
year_leader1 =
title_leader =
footnotes =

Italian North Africa ("Africa Settentrionale Italiana", or ASI) was the aggregate of territories and colonies controlled by Italy in North Africa from 1912 until World War II. Italian North Africa, unlike Italian East Africa ("Africa Orientale Italiana", or AOI) existed in two phases: from 1912 to 1934, as Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, and after 1934, as Libya. Indeed, from 1934 to 1940, Italian North Africa was then known as Libya as the North African territories were consolidated into one colony, Italian Libya. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini called Libya the Fourth Shore ("Quarta Sponda") of Italy.

From 1940 to 1943, Italy attempted to conquer Egypt and Tunisia to enlarge the Italian North Africa. Rommel's military advances in North Africa were done on the behalf of Italy which allowed Italy to lay claim to significant portions of western Egypt from 1941 to 1942 and to claim Tunisia from 1942 to 1943. Tunisia was considered part of the Fourth Shore in November 1942. All legally established territory of Italian North Africa was dissolved by 1943, Tunisia remained the last "de facto" Italian administered territory before Tunisia fell to American and British forces in mid 1943.

Colonies and Territories within Italian North Africa

From 1912 to 1927, Italian North Africa was an entity to itself, and from 1934 to 1941, Italian North Africa was united into the single colony of Italian Libya.

From 1942 to 1943 Tunisia was added, and was administered as part of the Fourth Shore of Italy.


* Italian Cyrenaica
* Italian Tripolitania


* Italian Libya


* Italian Libya
* German and Italian occupied western Egypt
* German and Italian occupied Tunisia (from November 1942 to 1943)

See also

* History of Libya
* History of Libya as Italian Colony
* History of Egypt
* History of Tunisia
* Fourth Shore
* Italian Empire

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