- Column of the Goddess
The Column of the Goddess is the popular name given by the citizens of Lille (France) to the Memorial of the siege of 1792. The memorial is still in the center of the Grand' Place (central place) of Lille, and has been surrounded by a fountain since around 1990.
Siege of Lille Part of the French Revolutionary War
"Column of the Goddess", erected to commemorate the Lille citizens' stand against the Austrian army
Date September 1792 Location Lille, France Result French victory Belligerents France Austria
The siege of September 1792 was one of the many battles fought during the French Revolutionary Wars and considered a major event in the city's history by its inhabitants, despite its relatively low military significance on a wider scale.
A few months earlier, in April 1792, French forces in the same area did not conduct themselves well - fleeing after a skirmish with Austrian forces and afterwards killing their own commander, Théobald Dillon. This might have made the Austrians expect an easy victory, which as it turned out was not the case.
An Austrian army besieged the city of Lille. For nine days and nights, the Austrians bombarded the city without intermission, but had ultimately to raise the siege, faced with the determined resistance of the citizens, led by Mayor François André. They Austrians did destroy many houses and the main church (Saint-Etienne) of the city, which was on the Grand' Place (today the place du Général de Gaulle).
Hyacinthe Jadin composed his Marche du siège de Lille in 1792, in the direct aftermath of the siege. For many years there was, however, no physiacal monument in the city itself. Some fifty years later, the local authorities became aware that nothing had been made to commemorate the 50th birthday of this event. They decided on the building of a memorial, just in time to lay the first stone in September 1842, but it was not before 1845 that the memorial was finished.
The memorial consists of a column topped by a statue. The column was designed by the architect Charles Benvignat, while the statue was sculpted by Théophile Bra as an allegory of the besieged city wearing a mural crown. It was nicknamed the Goddess by the inhabitants of Lille soon after the erection of the memorial, as some local poems suggest.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Column of the Goths — Coordinates: 41°0′52.2″N 28°59′7.6″E / 41.0145°N 28.985444°E / 41.0145; 28.985444 … Wikipedia
Goddess (disambiguation) — A goddess is a female deity.Goddess may also refer to: *Goddess movement, a loose grouping of social and religious phenomena since the 1970s *Goddess, anglicized form of Déesse, nickname of the Citroën DS *Goddess (comics), an aspect of the… … Wikipedia
The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past — North American box art Developer(s) Nintendo EAD Publisher(s) … Wikipedia
The Distribution of the Eagle Standards — is an 1810 painting by Jacques Louis David depicting a ceremony arranged by Napoleon after his assumption of power as emperor. In it he sought to revive the military ethos of the Roman empire. However, the ceremony, and the painting … Wikipedia
The Fountainhead — Fountainhead redirects here. For other uses, see Fountainhead (disambiguation). The Fountainhead … Wikipedia
The Illuminatus! Trilogy — Illuminatus redirects here. For other uses, see Illuminati (disambiguation). The Illuminatus! Trilogy … Wikipedia
The Independent (film) — Infobox Film name = The Independent image size = caption = director = Stephen Kessler producer = United Lotus Group writer = Stephen Kessler Mike Wilkins starring = Jerry Stiller Janeane Garofalo Max Perlich music = Ben Vaughn cinematography =… … Wikipedia
The 36 tattvas — In Kaśmir Śaivism, the 36 tattvas describe the Absolute, its internal aspects and the creation including living beings, down to the physical reality. The addition of 11 supplemental tattvas compared to the IAST|Sāṃkhya allows for a richer, fuller … Wikipedia
The Vatican — The Vatican † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Vatican This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Introduction; II. Architectural History of the Vatican Palace; III. Description of the Palace; IV. Description of the… … Catholic encyclopedia
The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power — Time Cover page in Time s issue: The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power Writer Richard Behar Categories Investigative journalism … Wikipedia