John Charles Daly


John Charles Daly

Infobox Actor
name = John Charles Daly Jr.


imagesize =
caption =
birthname = John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly
birthdate = birth date|1914|2|20
birthplace = Johannesburg, South Africa
deathdate = death date|1991|2|24
deathplace = Chevy Chase, Maryland
othername =
occupation = Reporter/Newscaster Game show host
yearsactive =
spouse = Margaret Griswell Neal (1937-1959/60) Virginia Warren (1960-1991)

John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly, [Episode 859 of "What's My Line?",. Originally aired November 13 1966 on CBS. Rebroadcast on the Game Show Network on January 20 2008. After Bennett Cerf announces Daly's full name, Daly corrects his pronunciation: "...for nearly eighteen years I've been trying to teach you it's John Charles Patrick 'Crow-ann'—the "g" is silent..."] (generally known by John Charles Daly or simply John Daly, February 20, 1914 – February 24, 1991) was a journalist, game show host, and radio personality, probably best known for hosting the panel show "What's My Line?". He was a vice president of ABC during the 1950s. On December 22, 1960, he became the son-in-law of Chief Justice Earl Warren through Virginia Warren, his second wife.

Personal life

Daly was born, second of two brothers, in Johannesburg, South Africa, where his American father worked as a geologist. After his father died of tropical fever, Daly's mother moved the family to Boston. Daly was a proud alumnus of Tilton School in Tilton, New Hampshire; he later served on its board of directors for many years and contributed to the construction or restoration of many buildings on campus. He did his postsecondary education at Boston College.

He had married twice; first to Margaret Griswell Neal, in January 1937.cite news |title=John Daly Weds Virginia Warren In a Methodist Church on Coast |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F3091EFF3E551A7A93C1AB1789D95F448685F9 |work= New York Times |date=1960-12-23 |accessdate=2008-07-13 - [http://home.comcast.net/~s.astorino/John.Daly.Weds.Virginia.Warren.pdf Scan of original publication.] ] [Bennett Cerf states that Daly is celebrating his 18th anniverary on the January 9, 1955 episode of "What's My Line".] The marriage resulted in sons John Neal Daly and John Charles Daly III and daughter Helene Fitzgerald Daly. [It is unclear if Fitzgerald is Helene's married surname or if her surname remained Daly at the time of the obituatry; the latter is more likely given that the article does not list the boys' surnames either.] It ended in divorce in April of 1959 or 1960. On December 22, 1960, Daly married Virginia Warren, daughter of then-Chief Justice Earl Warren in San Francisco. They were married for over thirty years, until his death. The marriage also yielded three children: John Warren Daly, John Earl Jameson Daly, and Nina Elisabeth Abath Taylor. He died in Chevy Chase, Maryland of cardiac arrest.cite news |first=Robert E. |last=Tomasson |title=John Charles Daly Jr., the Host Of 'What's My Line?,' Dies at 77 |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE1DC1031F934A15751C0A967958260 |work= New York Times |date=1991-02-27 |accessdate=2008-07-13 - [http://home.comcast.net/~s.astorino/Daly-obit-sm.jpgScan of original publication.] ]

Career

Radio

Daly began his broadcasting career as a reporter for NBC radio, and then for WJSV (now WTOP), the local CBS Radio Network affiliate in Washington, DC, serving as CBS's White House correspondant.

Through covering the Roosevelt White House, Daly became known to the national CBS audience as the network announcer for many of the President's speeches. In late 1941, Daly transferred to New York City, where he became anchor of "The World Today". During World War II, he covered the news from London as well as the North African and Italian fronts. Daly was a war correspondent in 1943 in Italy during Gen. George Patton's infamous "slapping incident." After the war, he was a lead reporter on CBS Radio's news/entertainment program "CBS is There" (later known on TV as "You are There"), which re-created the great events of history as if CBS correspondents were on the scene.

Famous broadcasts

As a reporter for CBS, Daly was the voice of two historic announcements. He was the first national radio correspondent to deliver the news of the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; and he was the first to relay the wire service report of the death of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on April 12, 1945, interrupting "Wilderness Road" to deliver the news. Both narrations have been used on historical record albums and radio & TV retrospectives.

Contrary to popular belief, Daly did not break into the New York Philharmonic concert broadcast to deliver the news of the Pearl Harbor attack. The "we interrupt this program" phrase often heard on that announcement was actually lifted from his FDR bulletin and then simply tacked onto the legitimate recording of the Pearl Harbor item for a postwar record album from Columbia Records, "I Can Hear It Now," in an attempt to make it more dramatic. Some recordings have spliced the Daly report into a recording of the Philharmonic's live broadcast as if it were an interruption.

The Pearl Harbor news actually came into CBS' newsroom just before Daly's regularly scheduled show "The World Today," which aired at 2:30 p.m. Eastern time (the Philharmonic broadcast was later in the afternoon). Fellow CBS News correspondent Bob Trout, who appeared on Daly's "World Today" show from London as the Pearl Harbor news started coming in, later revealed the real story during one of his National Public Radio commentaries. Trout recalled having dialed into New York just before the show, then hearing the clamor in the background through his earpiece about the bulletin and how it likely meant war for the U.S.

Recordings of the announcement reveal a minor error, either a mistyping of the copy in haste or a misreading by Daly, as he pronounced Oahu as if it were spelled "O-ha-u."

Television

Daly's first foray into television was as a panelist on the game show "Celebrity Time". This led to a job in 1950 as the host and moderator on a new panel show produced by Goodson-Todman, "What's My Line?". The show lasted 17 years with Daly hosting all but four episodes of the weekly series. Daly was the mystery guest for the series' final episode; he explained that the plan had always been that if a planned mystery guest did not arrive in time for the live show, Daly would fill in as the mystery guest, but despite a few close calls, it had never been needed.

On the show, each panelist introduced the next in line at the start of the show. Following the 1953 departure of panelist Hal Block, Random House cofounder and humorist Bennett Cerf joined the panel. Upon Fred Allen's death in 1956, Cerf became the anchor panelist who would always introduce Daly, generally using Daly's full birth name of John Charles Daly. Cerf usually prefaced his introduction with a pun or joke which over time became a pun or joke at Daly's expense. Daly would then often fire back his own retort. Cerf and Daly enjoyed a friendly feud from across the stage for the remainder of the show's history.

According to executive producer Gil Fates, Daly was resistant to changes that would have appealed to a younger audience but might have diminished the show's dignity. For example, Daly usually referred to the panelists formally, such as "Mr. Cerf". The producers, Fates said, were unable to challenge Daly for fear of losing him as the show's moderator.Fact|date=July 2008 The series spawned a brief radio version in 1952, which was also hosted by Daly. The series also inspired a multitude of concurrent international versions, and a syndicated U.S. revival in 1968 that Daly did not participate in.

Daly also did hosting duties on "Who Said That?", "It's News to Me", "We Take Your Word", and "Open Hearing", and was a narrator on "The Voice of Firestone" starting in 1958. [cite news |first=John P. |last=Shanley |title=STORY BEHIND MUSIC; John Daly to Be the Narrator in New Series of Television Concerts |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30A17F83D59127A93C5A91782D85F4C8585F9 |work= New York Times |date=1958-09-07 |accessdate=2008-07-13]

He also had several television and movie guest appearances from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s, including an uncredited role on "Bye Bye Birdie" (as the reporter announcing the title character's induction into the Army) and narrating the premiere episode of "Green Acres" in a mock documentary style.

During the 1950s, Daly became the vice president in charge of news, special events and public affairs, religious programs, and sports for ABC and won three Peabody Awards. From 1953 to 1960, he anchored ABC news broadcasts and was the face of the network's news division, even though "What's My Line?" was then on CBS. At the time, this was a very rare instance of a television personality working for two different networks simultaneously. His closing line on the ABC newscast was "Good night, and a good tomorrow"—which may have been the impetus for the "Good night, and have a pleasant tomorrow" catch phrase that was first used in the 1974 movie "The Groove Tube"—and then, more famously, on the Weekend Update sketches of "Saturday Night Live", as used by Chevy Chase from 1975 to 1976, Jane Curtin from 1976 to 1980, and Tina Fey from 2000 to 2006. Daly resigned from ABC on November 16, 1960 [cite news |title=Fluet Broadcaster, John Charles Daly |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0B11FA3F551A7A93C5A8178AD95F448685F9 |work= New York Times |date=1960-11-17 |accessdate=2008-07-13 |page=75] after the network pre-empted the first hour of election night coverage to show Bugs Bunny and Flintstones cartoons from 7:30 to 8:30 as the other networks covered returns from the Kennedy-Nixon presidential election and other major races.

In May of 1967, [cite news |title=John Charles Daly to Direct the Voice of America; DALY WILL DIRECT VOICE OF AMERICA |first=E.N. |last=Kenworthy |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60C13FE3955127B93C2AA178ED85F438685F9 |work= New York Times |date=1967-05-30 |accessdate=2008-07-13] [cite news |title=His Line Is U.S. News; John Charles Daly Jr. |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70B11FE3955127B93C2AA178ED85F438685F9 |work= New York Times |page=14 |date=1967-05-30 |accessdate=2008-07-13] during the final year of "What's My Line?", it was announced that Daly was to become the director of the Voice of America after the show ended. He assumed the position on September 20, 1967, [cite news |title=John Daly Takes Oath As Voice of America Chief|url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0A12F73E5C107B93C3AB1782D85F438685F9 |work= New York Times |page=5 |date=1967-09-20 |accessdate=2008-07-13] but lasted only until June 6, 1968 when he resigned over a claim that Leonard H. Marks, his superior at the U.S. Information Agency had been making personnel changes behind his back. [cite news |title=Daly Quits the Voice of America; Assails 'Executive Undercutting'; Charges Efforts to Reassign Senior Personnel While He Was Away on Tour |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70F1EF73F5E1A7B93C5A9178DD85F4C8685F9 |work= New York Times |page=1 |date=1968-06-07 |accessdate=2008-07-13]

Daly retreated from the public eye. He did not host the syndicated version of "What's My Line?", although he did cohost a 25th-anniversary program about the show for ABC in 1975. He was a frequent forum moderator for conservative think tank The American Enterprise Institute throughout the 1980s.

Daly's legacy at Tilton School

Daly's legacy lives on at Tilton School, his alma mater. There is an award named for him given to "persons whose pursuit of excellence and deep commitment as a member of the school family resembles that of John Daly's involvement with Tilton: continuous and widely known expressions of support in word and deed, inspiring others to reach goals that common experience dictates are impossible."

References

External links

# [http://www.tv.com/john-daly/person/8545/summary.html Biography on TV.com]
# [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1067553 Robert Trout discusses the CBS newscast of Dec. 07 1941]


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