Heriot-Watt University


Heriot-Watt University

Infobox University
name = Heriot-Watt University
native_name =
latin_name =


image_size = 100px
motto =
established = 1821
type = Public university
endowment =
staff = 717
principal = Professor Anton Muscatelli
chancellor = Baroness Greenfield
head_label = Chairman of Court
head = Gavin J Gemmell
students = 10,225 cite web |url=http://www.hesa.ac.uk/holisdocs/pubinfo/student/institution0506.htm |title=Table 0a - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2005/06 |work=Higher Education Statistics Agency online statistics |accessdate=2007-04-05]
undergrad = 5,605
postgrad = 4,620
doctoral =
city = Edinburgh
state =
country = Scotland
campus =
free_label = Other campuses
free = Galashiels Stromness Dubai
colours =
mascot =
affiliations =
website = http://www.hw.ac.uk/

Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland, is the eighth-oldest higher education institution in the United Kingdom [http://www.educationuk.org/pls/hot_bc/bc_profile.page_pls_profile_details?x=264205241108&y=&a=0&z=14980] , although it only received its university charter in 1966. The name commemorates George Heriot – the 16th century financier to King James, and James Watt – the great 18th century inventor and engineer. The University originated as the School of Arts of Edinburgh in 1821. Women were welcomed as early as 1869, 20 years ahead of other institutions.

Originally based in the centre of Edinburgh, Heriot-Watt University now has four campuses. The main campus is located in Riccarton in the Currie area on the outskirts of the city. Satellite campuses are located in Galashiels in the Borders (Scottish Borders Campus, formerly the Scottish College of Textiles), Stromness (Orkney campus) and most recently in Dubai Academic City (Heriot-Watt University Dubai campus). Moreover, the Orkney Campus in Stromness is home to The International Centre for Island Technology (ICIT) which is part of Heriot-Watt University's prestigious Institute of Petroleum Engineering.

The Annual Statistics publication (2006/07) shows that the University has a total population of 17,700 students, full-time, part-time and distance and supported learning around the world. Of these 10,700 are on international programmes, including the MBA programme and those studying through one of 53 Approved Learning Partners world-wide. Heriot-Watt has around 7,000 on-campus students in Scotland, more than a quarter of whom are from outside the UK. This international focus creates a very cosmopolitan environment; approximately 10,000 students from 150 countries world-wide are currently studying on international programmes.

History

The institution that became Heriot-Watt University began with a conversation between the Edinburgh businessmen Leonard Horner and Robert Bryson about the lack of technical education for the working classes. This led to the opening of the School of Arts of Edinburgh "for the Education of Mechanics in Such Branches of Physical Science as are of Practical Application in their several trades", in October 1821.

In 1852 the name of the school was changed to the Watt Institution and School of Arts, in memory of the engineer and inventor James Watt. In 1869 women were permitted to attend classes, mainly due to the campaigning of Mary Burton, making Heriot-Watt a pioneer in equal opportunities in education.

During the 1870s a new building on Chambers Street was constructed, causing the institution severe financial difficulties that were resolved by an association with George Heriot's Hospital for needy orphans. In 1885 the name was changed to Heriot-Watt College; the name "Heriot" being ultimately derived from the jeweller, financier and philanthropist George Heriot.

The college continued to expand throughout the 20th century, developing a reputation in the fields of science and engineering, and became a university in 1966, following the recommendations of the Robbins Report.

In 1969 the former Gibson-Craig estate at Riccarton, 7 miles (11 km) to the south-west of Edinburgh, was gifted to the University and was purchased for one penny. Between 1971 and 1992 the University moved to a purpose-built campus on this site, however situated within a city green-belt, buildings on the campus cannot be greater than 4 floors in height. The Campus occupies convert|380|acre|km2 of mature meadow and woodland to the west of Edinburgh, just six minutes from Edinburgh airport, and some 20 minutes from the city centre by car.

The Edinburgh Business School, a component of Heriot-Watt, boasts one of the world's largest Masters of Business Administration programs [http://www.fernuni-hagen.de/ZIFF/v1-ch15.htm] , offered on-campus or around the world by distance education, and assessed by rigorous subject exams. A Doctor of Business Administration program, along similar lines but also containing a major research component, has recently been introduced.

In 2005, the university announced plans to open a campus in Dubai. In 2006 "(end of 2005)", the new convert|40000|sqft|m2|abbr=on. campus opened in Academic City, Dubai. Heriot-Watt University Dubai offers Bachelor of Arts degrees in Business, Accounting, Finance and Management as well as a Master's degree in Information Technology. Engineering degrees (especially Petroleum Engineering) are likely to be introduced in the near future.

Heriot-Watt University's Dubai Campus is a purpose-built modern campus of over convert|40000|sqft|m2 in Dubai Academic City formally opened in March 2006. The campus offers a range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses which reflect the University's Scottish Schools and Institutes as well as student exchanges and campus transfers.

On February 1st 2006, the neuroscientist Baroness Susan Greenfield became Chancellor of Heriot-Watt University [http://hw-news.hw.ac.uk/story.asp?sStory=2248&Link=2] .

"The Watt Club" recently celebrated its 150th Anniversary, making it the oldest alumni association in the UK.

Students Association

The University’s Student Association (HWUSA), also part of the NationalUnion of Students (NUS), represents almost 8000 students through theExecutive Committee which is currently led by President Ruth Bush and VicePresident Louise Moncrieff, there is also a Vice President of the ScottishBorders Campus, Steve Connell. The purpose of a students association is torepresent the rights and needs of students and campaign on their behalf.Recent successful campaigns include obtaining academic feedback on exams andcoursework and organising an accommodation fair. HWUSA also takes an activerole in national events such as the demonstrations against the introductionof top up fees, increasing the current costs of education in England, whichtook place in London, and campaigning to end the graduate endowment fee inScotland. Also part of HWUSA are the Advice and Support Centre, whichprovides financial, academic and personal support and recently createdInternational Committee, to represent the 30% international population atHeriot-Watt.

ports Union

Heriot-Watt University Sports Union has its 30 year anniversary in 2006–2007. It has 32 clubs that compete in the British Universities Sports Association (BUSA) leagues on a Wednesday and in many Scottish National leagues on Saturdays and Sundays. There have been many athletes that have progressed through the ranks to represent their country at the Scottish Universities level and on the National and International Stage.

In recent years, many of the sports clubs have enjoyed success in the BUSA leagues, including the Hockey Club after both the Men's and Women's 1st XI reached the knock out stages of the competition. The rugby club is one of the sports unions most well supported clubs with many many members. The annual varsity match against Edinburgh is the highlight fixture of the year, with The Watt coming out on top more often than not.

Media

*"The Journal" is a very recent addition to the student media scene at the university. It is an independent publication, established in 2007 by three students at the University of Edinburgh, and also distributes to the three other higher education institutions in the city - Napier University, Queen Margaret University and the Edinburgh College of Art. It is the largest such publication in Scotland, with a print run of 14,000 copies and is produced by students from across the city.

chools

*School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
**Actuarial Mathematics & Statistics
**Computer Science
**Mathematics
*School of the Built Environment
**Architectural Engineering
**Civil Engineering
**Construction Management & Surveying
**Urban Studies
*School of Engineering and Physical Sciences
**Chemistry
**Physics
**Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
**Chemical Engineering
**Mechanical Engineering
**Combined Studies
*School of Life Sciences
** Applied Psychology
** Biological Science
** Brewing and Distilling
** Food Science
** Sport and Exercise Science
*School of Management and Languages
**Accountancy & Finance
**Economics
**Languages
**Law
**Management
*School of Textiles and Design
*Edinburgh Business School
*Institute of Petroleum Engineering

Notable alumni

"See also "

*Adam Crozier, Chief Executive of the Royal Mail, and former Chief Executive of the English Football Association.
*Bernie Grant, Britain's first afro-caribbean MP.
*Professor Peter Grant, Head of the School of Engineering and Electronics, University of Edinburgh, Winner of the Institution of Electrical Engineers Faraday Medal 2004 (BSc, 1966)
*Archy Kirkwood, Baron Kirkwood of Kirkhope PC KBE (BSc Pharmacy 1971)
*Brian Monteith, Independent MSP
*Christina Cruickshank Miller BSc, PhD, DSc, FH-WC: born 29 August 1899; elected FRSE 7 March 1949; died 16 July 2001. One of the first five women elected to the Royal Society of Edinburgh. First female chemist elected to the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
*James Nasmyth, engineer and inventor of the steam hammer (one of the first students of the Edinburgh School of Arts) (1808-90)
*Stuart Purdy, Group Chief Executive of the Hibernian Insurance Group, Dublin, Ireland and previously Managing Director of [Aviva India] . Former President of Heriot-Watt University Students' Association elected in 1983 and a former member of the Court and Senate. (BA Government and Modern History 1985)
*Richard Tait, creator of Cranium (board game) (BSc Computer Science 1986)
*Jim Telfer, Director of Rugby, Scottish Rugby Union plc (BSc Applied Chemistry 1963, DUniv 1998)
*Irvine Welsh, writer, author of "Trainspotting" (MBA 1991)
*Gary Younge, journalist and writer
*Jock Clear, Formula 1 engineer for the Honda F1 racing team. (BEng Mechanical Engineering 1987)
*Fiona Watson 1968 - 2003 a political affairs officer working in Sérgio Vieira de Mello's office who was killed along with other members of UN staff in the Canal Hotel bombing in Iraq, on the afternoon of August 19, 2003.
*Murray Wilson, BSc Hons, Offshore Engineering, 1982. United Nations Humanitarian and Conflict Manager.
*Robin Liddell, Professional Race Car Driver (Bachelor of Arts in Economics).
*Nandeep Bamrah, MBA Graduate at age 17. (MBA 2005) ["Boy achieves top grade MBA degree BBC News Online" 27 January, 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/northamptonshire/4212683.stm] .

ee also

*Duncan Cameron (university administrator)
*Fresh Air (Edinburgh)

References

External links

* [http://www.hw.ac.uk Heriot-Watt University website]
* [http://www.hwusa.org/ Heriot-Watt University Students Association]
* [http://www.educationuk.org/pls/hot_bc/bc_profile.page_pls_profile_details?x=264205241108&y=&a=0&z=14980 Review of Heriot-Watt by the British Council]
* [http://www.fernuni-hagen.de/ZIFF/v1-ch15.htm Review of Heriot-Watt business school]


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