Kontsevich system


Kontsevich system
Korean writing systems
Hangul
Hanja
Mixed script
Korean transliteration

The Kontsevich system (Russian: Система Концевича/Sistema Kontsevicha) for the Cyrillization of the Korean language was created by the Russian scholar Lev Kontsevitch (Russian: Лев Концевич) on the basis of the earlier system designed by Aleksandr Kholodovich (Russian: Александр Холодович). It is currently the main system of transcribing Korean words into the Russian language.

Contents

Introduction

Cyrillization systems for Korean were developed domestically in both North and South Korea; Kontsevich carried out work on the systemisation of these rules. In contrast with some systems of romanization of Korean, the transcription is based primarily on the pronunciation of a word, rather than on its spelling. For example, the tensification of "ㅈ" in 한자 (漢字) is not represented in romanizations, where the word is typically spelled as "hanja"; however, it is represented in the Kontsevich transcription, which spells the word with a double "ч" as Ханчча (Hanchcha).

Consonants

Hangul Cyrillic Transcribed
Cyrillic
RR
К- / -г- / -к K / -g- / -k g / k
Н N n
Т- / -д- / -т T / -d- / -t d / t
-Р- / -ЛЬ R / -l' r / l
М M m
П- / -б- / -п P / -b- / p b / p
С / -т S / -t s
-Н (-нъ) -n (-n') ng
Ч / -дж- / -т Ch / -dzh - t j
ЧХ / -т Chh / -t ch
КХ / -к Kh / -k k
ТХ / -т Th / -t t
ПХ / -п Ph / -p p
Х H h
КК Kk kk
ТТ Tt tt
ПП Pp pp
СС / -т SS / -t ss
ЧЧ Chch jj

Comments:

  1. The jamo ㅇ has no transcription in the initial position
  2. Basic transcription correspondences are indicated in capital letters
  3. Transcriptions in initial position are indicated preceding a single hyphen.
  4. Transcriptions in medial position (between vowels or after the resonant consonants М, Н, НЪ, ЛЬ, and Р) are indicated between two hyphens.
  5. Transcriptions in final position are indicated following a single hyphen.

Vowels

Hangul Cyrillic Transcribed
Cyrillic
RR
А A a
Я Ya ya
О O eo
Ё Yo yeo
О O o
Ё Yo yo
У U u
Ю Yu yu
Ы Y eu
И I i
Э è ae
ЙЯ Yya yae
Е / е E / e e
ЙЕ / -е- Yye / -e- ye
ВЕ Ve oe
ВИ Vi wi
ЫЙ / -и- Yi / -i- ui
ВА Va wa
ВО Vo wo
ВЭ wae
ВЕ Ve we

Transcription of medial consonants

Some letters are transcribed differently in the middle of a word when following certain other letters.

End of first syllable Н (N) НЪ (N') М (M) ЛЬ (L') К (K) П (P)
Beginning of second syllable
К (K) НГ (NG) НГ (NG) МГ (MG) ЛЬГ (L'G) КК (KK) ПК (PK)
Н (N) НГ (NG) НН (NN) МН (MN) ЛЛ (LL) НН (NN) МН (MN)
Т (T) НД (ND) НД (ND) МД (MD) ЛЬТТ (L'Tt) КТ (KT) ПТ (PT)
ЛЬ (L') ЛЛ (LL) НН (NN) МН (MN) ЛЛ (LL) НН (NN) МН (MN)
М (M) НМ (NM) НМ (NM) ММ (MM) ЛЬМ (L'M) НМ (NM) ММ (MM)
П (P) НБ (NB) НБ (NB) МБ ЛЬБ (L'B) КП (KP) ПП (PP)
С (S) НС (NS) НС (NS) МС (MS) ЛЬСС (L'Ss) КС (KS) ПС (PS)
Ч (Ch) НДЖ (NDZh) НДЖ (NDZh) МДЖ (MDZh) ЛЬЧЧ (L'Cch) КЧ (KCh) ПЧ (PCh)
ЧХ (Chh) НЧХ (NChh) НЧХ (NChh) МЧХ (MChh) ЛЬЧХ (L'Chh) КЧХ (KChh) ПЧХ (PChh)
ПХ (Ph) НПХ (NPh) НПХ (NPh) МПХ (MPh) ЛЬПХ (L'Ph) КПХ (KPh) ППХ (PPh)
ТХ (Th) НТХ (NTh) НТХ (NTh) МТХ (MTh) ЛЬТХ (L'Th) КТХ (KTh) ПТХ (PTh)
Х (H) НХ (NH) НХ (NH) МХ (MH) РХ (PH) КХ (KH) ПХ (PH)

Examples

English Hangul (Hanja) RR
(RR transliteration in parentheses)
Kontsevich
(Latin transliteration in parentheses)
“wall” 벽(壁) byeok
(byeog)
пёк
(pyok)
“on the wall” 벽에 byeoge
(byeog-e)
пёге
(pyoge)
“outside”
(uninflected)
bak
(bakk)
пак
(pak)
“outside” 밖에 bakke
(bakk-e)
пакке
(pakke)
“kitchen” 부엌 bueok
(bueok)
пуок
(puok)
“to the kitchen” 부엌에 bueoke
(bueok-e)
пуокхе
(puokhe)
Wikipedia 위키백과(百科) wikibaekgwa
(wikibaeggwa)
викхибэкква
(vikhibekkva)
Hangul 한글 hangeul or han-geul
(han-geul)
хангыль
(hangyl')
Hanja 한자 (漢字) hancha or han-cha
(han-ja)
ханчча
(hanchcha)
character, letter 글자( - 字) geulja
(geul-ja)
кыльчча
(kyl'chcha)
“(an) easy” (+ noun) 쉬운… swiun…
(swiun…)
свиун…
(sviun…)
“Four seasons are distinct.” 사계절(四季節)이 뚜렷하다. Sagyejeori tturyeotada.
(Sa-gye-jeol-i ttu-lyeoshada.)
Сагеджори ттурётхада.
(Sagedzhori tturyothada)
“Just check the line colour and width you want.” 원(願)하시는 선(線) 색(色)깔과 굵기에 체크하시면 됩니다. Wonhasineun seon saekkkalgwa gukgie chekeuhasimyeon doemnida.
(Won-ha-si-neun seon saegkkal-gwa gulg-gie che-keu-ha-si-myeon doebni-da.)
Вонхасинын сон сэкккальгва куккие чхекхыхасимён твемнида.
(Vonhasinyn son se`kkal'gva kukkie chhekhyhasimyon tvemnida.)

Notes


External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kontsevich invariant — In the mathematical theory of knots, the Kontsevich invariant, also known as the Kontsevich integral of an oriented framed link is the universal finite type invariant in the sense that any coefficient of the Kontsevich invariant is a finite type… …   Wikipedia

  • Maxim Kontsevich — Born 25 August 1964 (1964 08 25) (age 47) Khimk …   Wikipedia

  • McCune–Reischauer — Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean transliteration Revised Romanization McCune–Reischauer Yale ISO/TR 11941 Kontsevich (Cyrillic) McCune–Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean… …   Wikipedia

  • McCune-Reischauer — romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. Another …   Wikipedia

  • Languages using Cyrillic — This is a list of languages that have been written in the Cyrillic alphabet at one time or another. See also early Cyrillic alphabet. Indo European languages * Indo Iranian languages **Indo Aryan languages ***Romani (in Serbia, Montenegro,… …   Wikipedia

  • Languages written in a Cyrillic alphabet — This is a list of languages that have been written in the Cyrillic script at one time or another. See also early Cyrillic alphabet. Distribution of the Cyrillic script worldwide. The dark green shows the countries that use Cyrillic as the one… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • Korean language — This article is about the spoken Korean language. For details of the native Korean writing system, see Hangul. Korean 한국어, 조선말 Hangugeo, Chosŏnmal …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian mathematicians — Andrey Kolmogorov, a preeminent 20th century mathematician. This list of Russian mathematicians includes the famous mathematicians from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation. This list is incomplete; you can help by …   Wikipedia

  • Hangul — For other uses, see Hangul (disambiguation). Hangul 한글 Type …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.