Right to a fair trial


Right to a fair trial

The right to fair trial is an essential right in all countries respecting the rule of law. It is explicitly proclaimed in Article Ten of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, and Article Six of the European Convention of Human Rights, as well as numerous other constitutions and declarations throughout the world.

The essential ingredients for a fair and just civil trial must include a competent, neutral and detached judge (an independent judge); the absence of any intimidation of witnesses and ideally, an equal weight of arms, i.e. a level playing field in terms of legal representation, such as a right to counsel for criminal defendants.


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  • fair trial — n: a trial that is conducted fairly, justly, and with procedural regularity by an impartial judge and in which the defendant is afforded his or her rights under the U.S. Constitution or the appropriate state constitution or other law ◇ Among the… …   Law dictionary

  • fair trial — A legal trial; a trial conducted in all material things in substantial conformity to law. People v Wolf, 183 NY 464, 472, 76 NE 592, 594. In a criminal case, a trial before an impartial judge, an honest jury, and in an atmosphere of judicial calm …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • right to fair trial — See fair trial …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Trial by media — is a phrase popular in the late 20th century and early 21st century to describe the impact of television and newspaper coverage on a person s reputation by creating a widespread perception of guilt regardless of any verdict in a court of law.In… …   Wikipedia

  • Right to counsel — is nowadays generally regarded as a constituent of the right to a fair trial, allowing for the defendant to be assisted by counsel (i.e. lawyers), and if he cannot afford his own lawyer, requiring that the government should appoint one for him,… …   Wikipedia

  • Right to silence — The right to remain silent is a legal right of any person. This right is recognized, explicitly or by convention, in many of the world s legal systems. The right covers a number of issues centered around the right of the accused or the defendant… …   Wikipedia

  • fair — fair1 W2S1 [feə US fer] adj ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(reasonable and acceptable)¦ 2¦(treating everyone equally)¦ 3¦(quite large)¦ 4¦(hair/skin)¦ 5¦(according to the rules)¦ 6¦(level of ability)¦ 7¦(weather)¦ 8 have had more than your fair share of something 9… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Right of asylum — Asylum seekers by country of origin.   40,000 asylum seekers …   Wikipedia

  • Fair Deal — In United States history, the Fair Deal was U.S. President Harry S. Truman s catchphrase for a series of social and economic reforms [ “Fair Deal.” Britannica Online. 30 Mar. 2008. 30 Mar. 2008 .] , outlined in his 1949 State of the Union Address …   Wikipedia

  • fair — fair1 [ fer ] adjective *** ▸ 1 treating all equally ▸ 2 reasonable/morally right ▸ 3 not bad but not very good ▸ 4 pleasant and not raining ▸ 5 light in color ▸ 6 likely to be correct ▸ 7 beautiful ▸ 8 when size etc. is large ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) if …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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