- Bioparco (Rome)
Bioparco SpA (Giardino Zoologico di Roma) is the zoological garden of
Rome, Italy. There are 1114 animals of 222 species maintained.
The zoo was conceived in 1908 to hold exotic animal species for exhibition. In contrast to other zoos at the time which mainly worked for scientific criteria, the goal here was for the entertainment and amusement of the people. The zoo had a surface area of 12 hectares and was erected in the northern part of the
Villa Borgheseestate; it was opened with grand fanfare on 5 January 1911.
The zoo was designed by
Carl Hagenbeck, a well-reputed animal trainer who had already opened a zoo in HamburgStellingen. The park was built in the style of that in Hamburg: ditches and pits instead of bars and generous green spaces.
This initial success did not hold. Attempts were made to stock the zoo with especially rare and exotic animals. Various park expansions were undertaken and in 1926 a further expansion was planned into the neighboring red deer park. In 1933, the architect
Raffaele De Vicobegan his work in the new areas, which were to hold two main attractions: the large aviary and the reptile house which opened in 1935.
After the Second World War
The zoo began to deteriorate, although many areas were renovated and others fully rebuilt. In 1970, the reptile house had to be closed due to its ailing condition, its improvements took about nine years and it was finally reopened in 1983.
From zoo to bioparco
The idea to transfer the zoo into a biopark (bioparco) was first suggested in 1994. In 1997 a master plan was produced based on the principles of the Gilman Foundation. In April 1998, the organization Bioparco S.p.A. was established to be financed through the city of Rome with 51%, from Costa Edutaiment with 39% and from Cecchi Gori with 10%.
Kleinmann's Tortoise, which is rapidly nearing extinctionin the wild, was successfully bred in 2007. The group in Bioparco are animals confiscated from a smuggler'S suitcase in 2005. [ [http://www.nzherald.co.nz/feature/story.cfm?c_id=1501182&objectid=10441315 Day in photos 23/05] " - " New Zealand Herald", Wednesday 23 May 2007]
* [http://www.bioparco.it/ Official website (in Italian)]
* [http://www.bioparco.it/forma//bioparco_eng/bioparco_eng_ID734.php Official website (in English)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of gardens — The List of gardens is a link page for any park or garden open to the public, anywhere in the world. AustraliaAustralian Capital Territory *Australian National Botanic GardensNew South Wales See: *Wollongong Botanic GardenQueensland *Brisbane… … Wikipedia
Kleinmann's tortoise — Egyptian Tortoise Conservation status … Wikipedia
Villa Borghese gardens — Villa Borghese is a large [The gardens cover eighty hectares.] landscape garden in the naturalistic English manner in Rome, containing a number of buildings, museums (see Galleria Borghese) and attractions. It is the second largest public park in … Wikipedia
Pinciano — Localisation de Pinciano sur la carte administrative de Rome. Pinciano est un quartiere (quartier) situé au nord de Rome en Italie prenant son nom du Monti Parioli. Il est désigné dans la nomenclature administrative par Q.III et fait partie du… … Wikipédia en Français
Kleinmann's Tortoise — Taxobox name = Kleinmann s Tortoise image width = 250px image caption = Negev Tortoise status = CR status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Sauropsida ordo = Testudines subordo = Cryptodira familia = Testudinidae… … Wikipedia
Rom — (Roma) … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of zoos — The following is a partial list of zoological gardens (zoos):AfricaAlgeria*Algiers Zoo *Oran ZooCameroon*Mvog Betsi ZooCôte d Ivoire*Abidjan ZooEgypt*Giza Zoo *Alexandria Zoo *Qariyet El Assad (Lions Village)Ghana*Flagstaff House Zoo *Kumasi… … Wikipedia
Testudo kleinmanni — Testudo Kleinmanni Tortuga egipcia … Wikipedia Español