Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe


Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe
The Right Honourable
The Viscount Bledisloe
GCMG, KBE, PC
Formal portrait of a man in his sixties in uniform
Formal portrait of Sir Charles Bathurst Bledisloe in uniform
4th Governor-General of New Zealand
In office
19 March 1930 – 15 March 1935
Monarch George V
Preceded by Sir Charles Fergusson
Succeeded by The Viscount Galway
Member of Parliament
for Wilton
In office
15 January 1910 – 15 October 1918
Preceded by Levi Lapper Morse
Succeeded by Hugh Morrison
Personal details
Born 21 September 1867(1867-09-21)
London, UK of Great Britain and Ireland
Died 3 July 1958(1958-07-03) (aged 90)
Lydney, Gloucestershire
United Kingdom
Nationality British
Political party Conservative

Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe, GCMG, KBE, PC (21 September 1867 – 3 July 1958).

Contents

Early life

Born in London and educated at Sherborne School and then University College, Oxford, where he studied law and graduated with a BA in 1890.[1]

Member of Parliament

Bathurst worked as a barrister and conveyancer and in 1910 entered parliament representing the Conservative Party as MP for the South or Wilton division of Wiltshire.

After serving as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food, Bathurst was created a Knight (KBE) in 1917, and raised to the peerage as Baron Bledisloe, of Lydney and Aylburton. He remained in parliament until 1928, serving as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries from 1924 onwards, and was a member of the Privy Council from 1926.

Governor-General of New Zealand

After leaving parliament, Lord Bledisloe was created a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George and appointed the fourth Governor-General of New Zealand, an office he held from 1930 until 1935, proving to be extremely well liked and respected. His social conscience was much appreciated during the Depression era, as was his insistence that his salary should be cut as were the salaries of public servants at the time. Bledisloe also contributed to improved PākehāMāori relations, purchasing the site where the Treaty of Waitangi was signed and presenting it to the nation as a memorial. In 1934, the site was dedicated as a national reserve. The dedication ceremony attracted thousands of people, both Māori and Pākehā. Bledisloe continued to take an interest in the site even after his term expired and he returned to England. Bledisloe also contributed to the recognition of the Māori King Movement by developing a friendship with King Koroki and Te Puea Herangi, and his willingness to use the title "king" without reticence.

Bledisloe also promoted various causes and events by the presentation of trophies, the most famous of these being the Bledisloe Cup, the trophy for an ongoing rugby union competition between New Zealand and Australia, first awarded in 1931, and currently contested annually.

Upon returning to England in 1935, the title of Viscount Bledisloe, of Lydney was created and awarded to Bathurst. He continued to serve on a number of committees and councils, was awarded honorary doctorates from the universities of Bristol, Edinburgh and Oxford, and was made a fellow of University College, Oxford. Lord Bledisloe died, aged 90, at Lydney on 3 July 1958, and was succeeded as Viscount Bledisloe by his eldest son, Benjamin Ludlow Bathurst.

Sports

Upon its formation in 1888, Charles Bathurst was invited to become President of Lydney Rugby Football Club. He held this position for 70 years until his death and was succeeded as by his eldest son, Benjamin Ludlow Bathurst. The Bledisloe Cup and Bledisloe Park sports ground are both named for Bledisloe.

Styles

  • 1867–1910: Charles Bathurst
  • 1910–1914: Charles Bathurst, MP
  • 1914–1917: Captain Charles Bathurst, MP
  • 1917–24 October 1918: Captain Sir Charles Bathurst, KBE, MP
  • 24 October 1918–1926: The Right Honourable The Lord Bledisloe, KBE
  • 1926–1930: The Right Honourable The Lord Bledisloe, KBE, PC
  • 1930-1 January 1935: His Excellency The Right Honourable The Lord Bledisloe, GCMG, KBE, PC
  • 1 January – 28 June 1935: The Right Honourable The Lord Bledisloe, GCMG, KBE, PC, KStJ
  • 28 June 1935–1958: The Right Honourable The Viscount Bledisloe, GCMG, KBE, PC, KStJ

Arms

References

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Levi Lapper Morse
Member of Parliament for Wilton
1910–1918
Succeeded by
Hugh Morrison
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Charles Fergusson
Governor-General of New Zealand
1930–1935
Succeeded by
The Viscount Galway
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New title
New creation
Viscount Bledisloe
1935–1958
Succeeded by
Benjamin Bathurst
Baron Bledisloe
1918–1958
Sporting positions
New title
New creation
President of Lydney Rugby Football Club
1888–1958
Succeeded by
Benjamin Bathurst

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