- Common Big-eared Bat
Common Big-eared Bat Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Chiroptera Family: Phyllostomidae Genus: Micronycteris Species: M. microtis Binomial name Micronycteris microtis
Recent research has demonstrated this bat's amazing ability to find motionless food within clutter. Echolocating bats discriminate between background and prey based on glints or Doppler shifts in the echo induced by the (wing-)movements of the prey, but M. microtis can detect completely motionless prey. M. microtis shares both the leaf-nose formation and the trait of sound emission through the nostrils with all Phyllostomidae, but its behavior is understood to be unique: M. microtis is able to discriminate ecologically relevant stimuli within an extremely complex cluttered sonic environment.
The echolocation call of M. microtis is a broad band multi-harmonic FM sweep with most energy in the second harmonic between 95 and 75 kHz, i.e. quite similar to that of Macrophyllum macrophyllum, although presumably of lower intensity.
- Miller, B., Reid, F., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). Micronycteris microtis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 March 2009.
- AnimalDiversity Web