David Rockefeller


David Rockefeller
David Rockefeller, Sr.
Born June 12, 1915 (1915-06-12) (age 96)
New York City, New York USA
Occupation philanthropist
Net worth increase US$2.9 billion
Spouse Margaret "Peggy" McGrath
1940-1996 (Her death)
Children David, Abby, Neva, Peggy, Richard, Eileen

David Rockefeller, Sr. (born June 12, 1915) is the current patriarch of the Rockefeller family. He is the youngest and only surviving child of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, and the only surviving grandchild of oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller, founder of Standard Oil. His five siblings were Abby, John D. III, Nelson, Laurance and Winthrop.

Contents

Early life

Rockefeller was born in New York City and grew up in a nine-story mansion at 10 West 54th Street, the then-largest private residence in the city . The home contained rare, ancient, medieval and Renaissance treasures collected by his father — with some, such as the Unicorn Tapestries, held in an adjoining building at 12 West 54th Street. On the seventh floor was his mother Abby's private modern art gallery. The mansion was subsequently donated by David's father as a site for the sculpture garden in his wife's name and memory, now part of the complex that is the Museum of Modern Art.

He spent much time as a child at the vast family estate of Pocantico (see Kykuit), where, in his memoirs, he recalls visits by powerful associates of his father, including General George C. Marshall, the adventurer Admiral Richard Byrd (whose Antarctic expeditions had been funded by the family), and the famous aviator Charles Lindbergh.[1] Summer vacations were spent at the Eyrie, a vast 100-room mansion in Seal Harbor on the southeast shore of Mount Desert Island, in Maine. The mansion was demolished by the family in the early 1960s.

Rockefeller attended the experimental Lincoln School at 123rd Street in Harlem. The school was the brainchild of Abraham Flexner, who had structured the institution after the educational philosophy of John Dewey. It opened in 1916 and was operated by the Teachers College at Columbia University, with crucial funding in its early years from the Rockefellers' General Education Board, a philanthropic educational institution later rolled into the Rockefeller Foundation.

In 1936, Rockefeller graduated cum laude from Harvard University, writing his senior thesis on Fabian socialism. He did a postgraduate year in economics at Harvard and then a year at the London School of Economics. It was at the LSE that he first met John F. Kennedy (although he had earlier been his contemporary at Harvard) and briefly dated Kennedy's sister Kathleen.[2] During his time abroad, Rockefeller briefly worked in the London branch of what was to become the Chase Manhattan Bank. Returning to the United States to complete his graduate studies, he in 1940 received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. His dissertation was entitled: "Unused Resources and Economic Waste".

After completing his studies in Chicago, he became secretary to New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia for eighteen months in what is known as a "dollar a year" public service position. Although the mayor was at pains to point out to the press that he was only one of 60 interns in the city government, his working space was, in fact, the vacant office of the deputy mayor.[3]

From 1941 to 1942, Rockefeller then served as assistant regional director of the United States Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Services. After war broke out, he enlisted in the war effort and entered Officer Candidate School in 1943; he was ultimately promoted to captain in 1945. During World War II he served in North Africa and France (he spoke fluent French) for military intelligence setting up political and economic intelligence units. For seven months he also served as an assistant military attaché at the American Embassy in Paris. During this period, he would call on family contacts and Standard Oil executives for assistance, establish contacts of his own, and come to highly regard the invaluable potential of "networking".[4]

Career at the Chase Bank

In 1946, Rockefeller joined the staff of the longtime family-associated Chase National Bank. The chairman at that time was Rockefeller's uncle Winthrop Aldrich, the son of the powerful U.S. Senator Nelson W. Aldrich, and the brother of Rockefeller's mother. The Chase Bank was primarily a wholesale bank, dealing with other prominent financial institutions and major corporate clients such as General Electric (which had, through its RCA affiliate, leased prominent space and become a crucial first tenant of Rockefeller Center in 1930). The bank also is closely associated with and has financed the oil industry, having longstanding connections with its board directors to the successor companies of Standard Oil, especially Exxon Mobil. Chase National subsequently became the Chase Manhattan Bank in 1955 and shifted significantly into consumer banking. It is now called JPMorgan Chase.

Rockefeller started as an assistant manager (the lowest rank) in the Foreign Department. There he financed international trade in a number of commodities, such as coffee, sugar and metals. This position also maintained relationships with more than 1,000 correspondent banks throughout the world. He worked his way up through the ranks and became president in 1960. He was chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan from 1969 to 1980 and chairman until 1981. He was also, as recently as 1980, the single largest individual shareholder of the bank, holding 1.7% of its shares.[5]

In 1954, Rockefeller became chairman of the committee charged with deciding the location of the bank's new headquarters. The following year his decision to erect the building in the Wall Street area was accepted; it was subsequently seen as a decision that directly revived the City's downtown financial district. In 1960 the headquarters was completed under his direction at One Chase Manhattan Plaza, on Liberty Street in downtown Manhattan, directly across from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. At 60 stories, it was at that time the largest bank building in the world; it also had, five floors below ground, the largest bank vault then in existence.

In the 1960s Rockefeller and other businessmen formed the Chase International Advisory Committee (IAC) — which by 2005 consisted of twenty-eight prominent and respected businessmen from 19 nations throughout the world, many of whom were his personal friends. Rockefeller subsequently became chairman until he retired from that position on the IAC in 1999. After the Chase's merger with J. P. Morgan, this committee was renamed the International Council, and contains prominent figures such as Henry Kissinger, Riley P. Bechtel (of the Bechtel Group), Andre Desmarais, Lee Kuan Yew and George Shultz, the current chairman. Historically, prominent figures on the IAC have included Gianni Agnelli (a longtime associate, who spent thirty years on the Committee), John Loudon (Chairman of Royal Dutch-Shell), C. Douglas Dillon, David Packard and Henry Ford II.[6]

Under his stewardship Chase spread internationally and became a central pillar in the world's financial system; Chase has a global network of correspondent banks that has been estimated to number about 50,000, the largest of any bank in the world. A notable achievement was the setting up of the first branch of an American bank at One Karl Marx Square, near the Kremlin, in the then Soviet Union, in 1973. That year Rockefeller also traveled to China, resulting in his bank becoming the National Bank of China's first correspondent bank in the United States. In November 1979, while chairman of the Chase Bank, Rockefeller became embroiled in an international incident when he and Henry Kissinger, along with John J. McCloy and Rockefeller aides, persuaded President Jimmy Carter through the United States Department of State to admit the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, into the United States for hospital treatment for lymphoma. This action directly precipitated what is known as the Iran hostage crisis and placed Rockefeller under intense media scrutiny (particularly from The New York Times) for the first time in his public life.[7]

Political life

In a private capacity Rockefeller has interface with every United States president since Eisenhower and has even at times served as an unofficial emissary on high-level diplomatic missions. In addition, he has acted as spokesman for the U.S. business and financial community and the New York City business community to United States Presidents on several notable occasions, notably the occasion of New York City's budgetary crisis of 1975.[citation needed] President Jimmy Carter offered him the positions of United States Secretary of the Treasury and Federal Reserve Chairman but he declined both instead preferring a private role. He at an earlier point declined an offer from his brother Nelson to appoint him to Robert Kennedy's Senate seat after Kennedy was assassinated in June 1968, a post Nelson also offered to their nephew Jay Rockefeller.[8] On account of his personal, political, and professional connections and his family name, Rockefeller has been able to act as bridge to various interests around the world—even controversial leaders such as Fidel Castro, Nikita Khrushchev, Mikhail Gorbachev and Saddam Hussein.

In Henry Kissinger, Rockefeller found a political operative with an international and domestic perspective similar to his. They first met in 1954, when Kissinger was appointed a director of a seminal Council on Foreign Relations study group on nuclear weapons, of which David was a member.[9] The relationship developed to the point that Kissinger was invited to sit on the board of trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. Rockefeller consulted with Kissinger on numerous occasions, as for example in the Chase Bank's interests in Chile and the threat of the election of Salvador Allende in 1970,[10] and fully supported his "opening of China" initiative in 1971 as it afforded banking opportunities for the Chase Bank.[11]

Though a lifelong Republican and party contributor, like his father in the dynastic line, he is a committed member of the moderate "Rockefeller Republicans" that arose out of the political ambitions and public policy stance of his brother Nelson. In 2006 he teamed up with former Goldman Sachs executives and others to form a fund-raising group based in Washington, Republicans Who Care, that supported moderate Republican candidates over more ideological contenders.[12]

Rockefeller also reportedly has connections to Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). As well as knowing Allen Dulles and his brother John Foster Dulles — who was an in-law of the family [13] since his college years,[14] it was in Rockefeller Center that Allen Dulles had set up his WWII operational center after Pearl Harbor, liaising closely with MI6 which also had their principal U.S. operation in the Center.[15] He also knew and associated with the former CIA director Richard Helms, as well as Archibald Roosevelt, Jr., a Chase Bank employee and former CIA agent, whose cousin was the CIA agent, Kermit Roosevelt, Jr., involved in the Iran coup of 1953.[16] Also, in 1953, he had befriended William Bundy, a pivotal CIA analyst for nine years in the 1950s, who became the Agency liaison to the National Security Council, and a subsequent lifelong friend.[17] Moreover, in Cary Reich's biography of his brother Nelson, a former CIA agent states that David was extensively briefed on covert intelligence operations by himself and other Agency division chiefs, under the direction of David's "friend and confidant", CIA Director Allen Dulles.[18]

Policy groups

Throughout his life, Rockefeller has participated in and even created a number of policy groups aimed at responding to domestic and international concerns. In 1947, Rockefeller was invited to join the board of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; serving on the board were such figures as Alger Hiss, John Foster Dulles (chairman), Dwight D. Eisenhower and the president of IBM, Thomas J. Watson. He accepted the prestigious appointment and was subsequently instrumental in relocating the Endowment's headquarters to a site opposite the new United Nations headquarters building, with a Chase Bank branch on the ground floor.[19] In 1967, he formed The Business Committee for the Arts, Inc. (BCA), which is a national not-for-profit based in New York that established the annual Business in the Arts Awards, awarded to businesses who have formed exemplary partnerships with the arts community; this organization is co-sponsored by Forbes Magazine.[20]In 1979, he formed the Partnership for New York City, which is another not-for-profit membership organization consisting of a select group of two hundred CEOs ("Partners") from New York City’s top corporate, investment and entrepreneurial firms. They are elected annually and committed to working closely with government, labor and the nonprofit sector to enhance the economy and maintain New York City’s position as the global center of commerce, culture and innovation. Through its roster of blue-chip corporations, Rockefeller sits at the core of a network of the most powerful and influential businessmen and women in corporate America.[21] In 1992, he was selected as a leading member of the Russian-American Bankers Forum, an advisory group set up by the head of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to advise Russia on the modernization of its banking system, with the full endorsement of President Boris Yeltsin.[22]

On the world stage, influenced by the globalist perspective of his father, Rockefeller involved himself in a number of policy organizations focused on improving international relations. Rockefeller began a lifelong association with the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) when he joined as a director in 1949, the youngest member appointed to that position yet. He would later become head of the nominating committee for future membership and after that much the chairman of this influential foreign policy think-tank.[23] In 1965, Rockefeller and other businessmen formed the Council of the Americas to stimulate and support economic integration in the Americas. In 1992, at a Council sponsored forum, Rockefeller proposed a "Western Hemisphere free trade area", which subsequently became the Free Trade Area of the Americas in a Miami summit in 1994. His and the Council's chief liaison to President Bill Clinton in order to garner support for this initiative was through Clinton's chief of staff, Mack McLarty, whose consultancy firm Kissinger McLarty Associates is a corporate member of the Council, while McLarty himself is on the board of directors.[24]

Displeased with the failure of the Council on Foreign Relations to include Japan, Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor under Carter and fierce advocate for international cooperation, became the inaugural United States director. (The two had discussed forming the organization at a Bilderberg Group meeting in Belgium in 1972.)[citation needed] Perhaps the most important aspect of the Commission is their commitment to facilitating high-level international dialogue.

The Commission came under media scrutiny[citation needed] when it was later disclosed that Carter appointed 26 former Commission members (who must resign before taking up government positions) to senior positions in his Administration. Moreover, it also came out that Carter himself was a former Trilateral member.[citation needed] (The Clinton Administration, by contrast, had close to a dozen Commission members, including Clinton himself; both Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush has consulted the think tank).[25] Addressing this and other claims proffered by traditional media, far-left and -right academics, and many conspiracy theorists, in Rockefeller's 2002 autobiography "Memoirs" he wrote: "For more than a century ideological extremists at either end of the political spectrum have seized upon well-publicized incidents such as my encounter with Castro to attack the Rockefeller family for the inordinate influence they claim we wield over American political and economic institutions. Some even believe we are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as internationalists and of conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure — one world, if you will. If that's the charge, I stand guilty, and I am proud of it." These attacks persist; as documented by Canadian journalist Jonathan Kay, conspiracy theorists such as Luke Rudowski regularly protest outside Rockefeller's home and verbally harangue the 96-year-old when he is out in the city.[26]

Rockefeller patriarch

After the war and alongside his work at Chase, Rockefeller took a more active role in his family's business dealings. Working with his brothers in the two floors of Rockefeller Center know as Room 5600, he reorganized the family's myriad business and philanthropic ventures. The men kept regular "brothers' meetings" where they made decisions on matters of common interest and reported on noteworthy events in each of their lives. David served as secretary to the group, making notes of each meeting. The notes are now in the family archive and will be released in the future.[27] Following the deaths of his brothers, Winthrop in 1973, John D. III in 1978, Nelson in 1979, and Laurance in 2004, David became sole head of the family (with the important involvement of his son, David Jr.).

David ensured that selected members of the fourth generation, known generically as the cousins, became directly involved in the family's institutions. This involved inviting them to be more active in the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the principal foundation established in 1940 by the five brothers and their one sister. The extended family also became involved in their own philanthropic organization, formed in 1967 and primarily established by third-generation members, called the Rockefeller Family Fund.

The extended family demonstrated their influence in the 1989 sale of Rockefeller Center to Mitsubishi Real Estate. This action freed up part of the family fortune for reinvestment in more lucrative field. The Trust has expanded beyond business in New York and is now far more diverse in their interests. Nevertheless, under David, overall family and institutional cohesion has been maintained to a remarkable degree (more so than any other late 19th century wealthy family).[28]

In 2000, Rockefeller presided over the final sale of Rockefeller Center to Jerry Speyer's Tishman Speyer Properties, along with the Crown family of Chicago, which ended the more than 70 years of direct family financial association with the landmark New York complex. It later turned out that he had a long association with Jerry Speyer through the Museum of Modern Art, so there was still an enduring partnership in operation, though not directly financial in nature.[29]

In 2003, he served as "honorary member" of the Jury for the World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition. This was appropriate as he had created and chaired the original Downtown-Lower Manhattan Association in 1960 that had initiated the Center, along with major backing from his brother, Nelson Rockefeller, who was the New York Governor at the time, as well as with the New York power broker at the time, Robert Moses.[30]

Rockefeller has always limited his giving to institutions directly or indirectly related to the family; for example, in 2005, at age ninety, he gave $100 million to the Museum of Modern Art and $100 million to Rockefeller University, two of the most prominent family institutions; as well as $10 million to Harvard and $5 million to Colonial Williamsburg. In 2006, he pledged $225 million to the Rockefeller Brothers Fund upon his death, the largest gift in the Fund's history. The money will be used to create the David Rockefeller Global Development Fund, to support projects that improve access to health care, conduct research on international finance and trade, fight poverty, and support sustainable development, as well as to a program that fosters dialogue between Muslim and Western nations.[31] Rockefeller donated $100 million to Harvard University in 2008.[32] The New York Times estimated in November, 2006 that his total charitable donations amount to $900 million over his lifetime, a figure that was substantiated by a monograph on the family's overall benefactions, entitled The Chronicle of Philanthropy.[33]

His Memoirs were published in 2002, the only time a member of the six-generation clan has written an autobiography (royalties from the book go to charities that assist AIDS orphans and other needy children in South Africa). Notably, it was over ten years in the writing, with many personal staff in Room 5600 involved, including the family historian who supervised the project, Peter J. Johnson, as well as Fraser P. Seitel, a former head of public affairs at the Chase Bank and one of the premier public relations professionals in America. Seitel is the author of the acclaimed textbook The Practice of Public Relations, and a senior counselor for the leading public relations firm Burson-Marsteller, a division of WPP, one of the world's largest communication services companies.[34]

Wife and children

He married Margaret "Peggy" McGrath on September 7, 1940; (b. September 28, 1915 - d. March 26, 1996, aged 80), she was the daughter of a partner in a prominent Wall Street law firm. They had six children:

  1. David Rockefeller, Jr. (b. July 24, 1941) — Vice Chairman, Rockefeller Family & Associates (the family office, Room 5600); Chairman of Rockefeller Financial Services; Trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation; former Chairman of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and Rockefeller & Co., Inc., among many other family institutions.
  2. Abby Rockefeller (b. 1943) — The eldest and most rebellious daughter, she was drawn to Marxism and was an ardent admirer of Fidel Castro and a late 1960s/early 1970s radical feminist[35] who belonged to the organization Female Liberation, later forming a splinter group called Cell 16.[36] An environmentalist and ecologist, she was an active supporter of the women's liberation movement.
  3. Neva Rockefeller Goodwin (b. 1944) — Economist and philanthropist. She is Director of the Global Development and Environment Institute; Trustee and Vice Chair of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and Director of the Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors.
  4. Peggy Dulany (b. 1947) — Founder of the Synergos Institute in 1986; Board member of the Council on Foreign Relations; serves on the Advisory Committee of the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies at Harvard University.
  5. Richard Rockefeller (b. 1949) — A physician and philanthropist; chairman of the United States advisory board of the international aid group Doctors Without Borders; Trustee and Chair of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund.
  6. Eileen Rockefeller Growald (b. 1952) — Venture philanthropist; Founding Chair of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, established in New York City in 2002.

Margaret died in 1996. As of 2002, David had ten grandchildren: (by David) Ariana, Camilla; (by Neva) David, Miranda; (by Peggy) Michael; (by Richard) Clay, Rebecca; (by Abby) Christopher; (by Eileen) Danny and Adam.

Wealth

His net wealth is estimated at 2.2 billion dollars, ranking him among the 300 richest people in the world.[37] Initially, most of his wealth had come to him via the family trusts that his father had set up, which were administered by Room 5600 and the Chase Bank. In turn, most of these trusts were held as shares in the successor companies of Standard Oil, as well as diverse real estate investment partnerships, such as the expansive Embarcadero Center in San Francisco, which he later sold for considerable profit, retaining only an indirect stake. In addition, he is or has been a partner in various properties such as a 4,000-acre (16 km2) resort development in the Virgin Islands and a cattle ranch in Argentina, as well as a 15,500-acre (63 km2) sheep ranch in Australia.[38]

Another major source of asset wealth is his formidable art collection, ranging from impressionist to postmodern, which he developed through the raising of his mother Abby and her establishment, with two associates, of the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1929. He is not a collector of most modern art himself but, as chairman and honorary chairman, has never hindered MoMA's acquisition of the newer works. He has donated many works to MoMA over the decades and more will go there after his death.[39]

Residences

Rockefeller's principal residence is at "Hudson Pines", on the family estate in Westchester County, New York. He also has a Manhattan residence at East 65th Street, as well as a country residence (known as "Four Winds") at a farm in Livingston, New York (Columbia County), where his wife raised Simmenthal beef cattle. He also maintains a summer home on Mount Desert Island off the Maine coast.

The Kykuit area of the family estate is the location of The Pocantico Conference Center of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) — set up by David and his four brothers and one sister in 1940 — which was created when the Fund leased the area from the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 1991. Known as the Playhouse, it provides a setting where the Fund and other nonprofit organizations and public sector institutions can bring together people of diverse backgrounds and perspectives to engage in critical world issues.[40]

Awards

Bibliography

  • Memoirs, David Rockefeller, New York: Random House, 2002.
  • David: Report on a Rockefeller, William Hoffman, New York: Lyle Stuart, 1971.

Significant mentions:

  • The Rockefeller Century: Three Generations of America's Greatest Family, John Ensor Harr and Peter J. Johnson. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988.
  • The Rockefeller Conscience: An American Family in Public and in Private, John Ensor Harr and Peter J. Johnson, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1992.
  • The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller: Worlds to Conquer 1908-1958, Cary Reich, New York: Doubleday, 1996.
  • Abby Aldrich Rockefeller: The Woman in the Family, Bernice Kert, New York: Random House, 1993.
  • Those Rockefeller Brothers: An Informal Biography of Five Extraordinary Young Men, Joe Alex Morris, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953.
  • The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty, Peter Collier and David Horowitz, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.
  • The American Establishment, Leonard Silk and Mark Silk, New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1980.
  • American Hegemony and the Trilateral Commission, Stephen Gill, Boston: Cambridge University Press, Reprint Edition, 1991.
  • The Chase: The Chase Manhattan Bank, N.A., 1945-1985, John Donald Wilson, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1986.
  • Wriston: Walter Wriston, Citibank, and the Rise and Fall of American Financial Supremacy, Phillip L. Zweig, New York: Crown Publishers, 1995.
  • Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend, Joseph B. Treaster, New York: Wiley, 2004.
  • Financier: The Biography of André Meyer; A Story of Money, Power, and the Reshaping of American Business, Cary Reich, New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1983.
  • Continuing the Inquiry: The Council on Foreign Relations from 1921 to 1996, Peter Grose, New York: Council on Foreign Relations: 1996.
  • Imperial Brain Trust: The Council on Foreign Relations and United States Foreign Policy, Laurence H. Shoup, and William Minter, New York: Authors Choice Press, (Reprint), 2004.
  • Cloak of Green: The Links between Key Environmental Groups, Government and Big Business, Elaine Dewar, New York: Lorimer, 1995.
  • The Shah's Last Ride, William Shawcross, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989.
  • Divided We Stand: A Biography of New York City's World Trade Center, Eric Darton, New York: Basic Books, 1999.
  • The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York, Robert Caro, New York: Random House, 1975.
  • The Rich and the Super-Rich: A Study in the Power of Money Today, Ferdinand Lundberg, New York: Lyle Stuart; Reprint Edition, 1988.
  • Interlock: The untold story of American banks, oil interests, the Shah's money, debts, and the astounding connections between them, Mark Hulbert, New York: Richardson & Snyder; 1st edition, 1982.
  • The Money Lenders: Bankers and a World in Turmoil, Anthony Sampson, New York: Viking Press, 1982.
  • The Chairman: John J. McCloy — The Making of the American Establishment, Kai Bird, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Famous visitors to Kykuit — see David Rockefeller, Memoirs, New York: Random House, 2002 (pp.28-9,323)
  2. ^ Dated JFK's sister — Ibid., (p.85)
  3. ^ Occupied deputy mayor's office — see John Ensor Harr and Peter J. Johnson, The Rockefeller Century: Three Generations of America's Greatest Family, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988. (p.392)
  4. ^ Beginnings of his networking — Memoirs, (p.113)
  5. ^ 1.7% shareholding of Chase Bank — see Time Magazine article, The Change at David's Bank, September 1, 1980. (See External Links)
  6. ^ Historical members of the Chase International Advisory Committee — Memoirs (pp.205-09)
  7. ^ Scrutiny by NYT over the Shah of Iran — Memoirs (pp.356-75)
  8. ^ Nelson's offer of Kennedy's Senate seat — Ibid., (p.485)
  9. ^ David first met Kissinger in CFR study group in 1954 — see Walter Isaacson, Kissinger: A Biography, New York: Simon & Schuster, (updated) 2005, (p.84); Grose, Continuing the Inquiry:op. cit.
  10. ^ Frequent consultations with Kissinger — see Isaacson, Kissinger op. cit., (p.289)
  11. ^ Banking opportunities for Chase in China — see John Donald Wilson, The Chase: The Chase Manhattan Bank, N.A., 1945-1985, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1986. (pp.229/30)
  12. ^ Bloomberg.com, news archive
  13. ^ Foster Dulles a Rockefeller in-law — see James Perloff, The Shadows of Power: The Council on Foreign Relations and the American Decline, Wisconsin: Western Islands Publishers, 1988. (p.104)
  14. ^ Friendship with Dulles family — Memoirs (p.149)
  15. ^ Allen Dulles and MI6 based in Rockefeller Center — see James Srodes, Allen Dulles: Master of Spies, Washington: Regnery Publishing, Inc., 1999. (p.207, 210)
  16. ^ Former CIA agent at Chase Bank — Memoirs (p.363)
  17. ^ Befriended the CIA analyst William Bundy — see Kai Bird, The Color of Truth: McGeorge Bundy and William Bundy; Brothers in Arms, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1998. (pp. 180-81)
  18. ^ David briefed on CIA operations — see Cary Reich, The Life of Nelson A. Rockefeller: Worlds to Conquer 1908-1958, New York: Doubleday, 1996. (p.559)
  19. ^ On the board of the Carnegie Endowment — Memoirs, (pp.149-51)
  20. ^ BCA annual Business in the Arts Awards.
  21. ^ Newyorkcitypartnership.org
  22. ^ Quint, Michael (1992-06-20). "U.S. Advisers Will Aid Russians In Modernizing Banking System". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE7DE113EF933A15755C0A964958260. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  23. ^ Head of the CFR's nominating committee — see Phillip L. Zweig, Wriston: Walter Wriston, Citibank, and the Rise and Fall of American Financial Supremacy, New York: Crown Publishers, 1995.(p.110)
  24. ^ McLarty as liaison to Clinton — Memoirs, (p.437))
  25. ^ Members of Trilateral Commission — Ibid., (pp.417-18)
  26. ^ Kay, Jonathan (2011). Among the Truthers: A Journey Through America's Growing Conspiracist Underground. New York, NY: Harpers. pp. 200–201. ISBN 978-1554686308. http://amongthetruthers.com. 
  27. ^ David as secretary and his notes on the "brothers' meetings" not publicly released — Harr & Johnson, op.cit. (pp.530-31, 603n)
  28. ^ "Philanthropy for the 21st Century". The New York Times. 5 November 1989. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DE1D81039F936A35752C1A96F948260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  29. ^ For connections to Jerry Speyer — see: New York's Cultural Power Brokers: New York Times, June 2, 2004.
  30. ^ The Height of Ambition, New York Times September 8, 2002: The genesis of the World Trade Center Twin Towers.
  31. ^ Bloomberg.com Rockefellerbrothersfund.org
  32. ^ Post.harvard.edu
  33. ^ Newyorktimes.com, New York RegionRockefellerbrothersfund.org, Chronicle of Philanthropy (pdf)
  34. ^ Senior PR official collaborated on writing of his Memoirs — see Memoirs (Acknowledgments, p.499)
  35. ^ Echols, Alice, Daring to Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America: 1967–1975 (Minneapolis, Minn.: Univ. of Minn. Press, 1989 (ISBN 0-8166-1787-2)), pp. 158 (& perhaps n. 106), 163 & nn. 132–133, & 211 & n. 37 (author then visiting asst. prof. history, Univ. of Ariz. at Tucson).
  36. ^ Northeastern University Archives and Special Collections.
  37. ^ Forbes.com
  38. ^ Investment partnerships in overseas properties — see William Hoffman, David: Report on a Rockefeller, New York: Dell Publishing Co., Inc., 1971. (p.131)
  39. ^ Art collection and MoMA — Memoirs, (pp. 442-62)
  40. ^ Rockefellerbrothersfund.org, grants

External links

Business positions
Preceded by
George Champion
Chase CEO
1969-1980
Succeeded by
Willard C. Butcher

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  • David Rockefeller, Jr. — David Rockefeller Jr. (born July 24, 1941) is an American philanthropist and an active participant in nonprofit and environmental areas. The eldest son of Margaret Peggy McGrath and David Rockefeller, he is a leading fourth generation member… …   Wikipedia

  • David Rockefeller Sr — David Rockefeller  Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Rockefeller. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : David Rockefeller, sur Wikiquote (recueil de citations) David Rockefeller (né le 12 juin 1915) est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • David Rockefeller — David Rockefeller, Sr. (* 12. Juni 1915 in New York) ist ein US amerikanischer Bankier und Staatsmann. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Einzelnachweise 3 Literatur 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Rockefeller — Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Rockefeller. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « David Rockefeller », sur Wikiquote (recueil de citations) David Rockefeller (né le 12 juin 1915) est un milliardaire,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies — Founded in 1994, Harvard s David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies (DRCLAS) works to increase knowledge of the cultures, economies, histories, environment, and contemporary affairs of past and present Latin America. The Center s main… …   Wikipedia

  • Rockefeller Center — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • Rockefeller center — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rockefeller. Le Rockefeller Center est un complexe commercial construit par la famille Rockefeller composé de dix neuf bâtiments. Il est situé dans le quartier de Midtown, entre la 5e avenue et l avenue des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rockefeller — is a surname, and may refer to:Rockefeller family*John D. Rockefeller, Sr. (1839–1937), founder of the Standard Oil Company and the six generation family dynasty, and richest person in history *Laura Spelman Rockefeller (1839–1915), wife of John… …   Wikipedia

  • ROCKEFELLER (LES) — ROCKEFELLER LES Dynastie d’industriels et d’hommes politiques qui naît avec John Davison Rockefeller (1839 1937), se poursuit avec son fils, John D. Rockefeller junior (1874 1960), et se prolonge avec Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (1908 1979), maire …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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