Haikai


Haikai

Haikai (Japanese 俳諧 "comic, unorthodox") is the name of a poetic genre that includes a number of forms which embrace the aesthetics of "haikai no renga", and what Bashō referred to as the "poetic spirit" ("fūga"), including haiku, renku (haikai no renga), haibun, haiga and senryū [Higginson, William J. "The Haiku Seasons", Kodansha International, 1996, ISBN 4-7700-1629-8, p.9] (though not renga, tanka nor waka). The term could be translated as "haikai poetry" or "haikai art", and involved a combination of comic playfulness and spiritual depth. [Barnhill, David Landis. "Basho's Haiku: Selected Poems of Matsuo Basho", Suny Press, 2004, ISBN 0791461653, p.279]

"Haikai" is sometimes used as an abbreviation for "haikai no renga" (renku). [Higginson, p.19]

Bashō and the haikai spirit

Matsuo Bashō (1644-1694) was one of the most famous poets in the Edo period.

He defined “haikai spirit” as followingFact|date=May 2008: first of all, haikai spirit implied the interaction of diverse languages and subcultures, particularly between the new popular culture and the poetic tradition, and the humour and interest resulting from the sociolinguistic incongruity or difference between the two. Second, haikai spirit meant taking pleasure in recontextualisation: defamiliarisation, dislocating habitual, conventionalised perceptions, and their refamiliarisation, recasting established poetic topics into contemporary language and culture, the haikai spirit was also marked by a constant search for novelty and new perspectives. Finally, the haikai imagination implied the ability to interact in a playful, lively dialogue that produced communal art.

Bashō’s haikai treated of the ordinary, everyday lives of commoners. In contrast to traditional Japanese poetry, he portrayed figures from popular culture such as the beggar, the traveller and the farmer. In crystallising the newly popular haikai he played a significant role in giving birth to modern haiku, which reflected the common culture.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • *haikai — ● haikai ou haïkaï nom masculin (japonais haikai) Forme poétique japonaise …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • *haïkaï — ● haikai ou haïkaï nom masculin (japonais haikai) Forme poétique japonaise …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • haikai — HAIKÁI s. n. mic poem clasic japonez, din trei versuri, primul şi al treilea heptasilabice, iar al doilea pentasilabic, de o deosebită delicateţe a expresiei; haiku. (< fr. haïkaï) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Haikai — El haikai es una de las formas de poesía tradicional japonesa considerada como uno de los pilares de ésta. Nace de la separación de los tres primeros versos del tanka y se compone de 3 versos blancos de 5, 7 y 5 sílabas. Del haikai han nacido… …   Wikipedia Español

  • haikai — /huy kuy/, n., pl. haikai for 2. Pros. 1. an informal type of linked verse originated by Basho, a 17th century Japanese poet. 2. a poem of this type. [1880 85; < Japn haikai (no renga) jesting (linked verse); earlier faikai < MChin, equiv. to… …   Universalium

  • haikai — ˈhīˌkī noun (plural haikai) Etymology: Japanese : an often playful type of Japanese verse or prose cultivated in the later feudal ages compare haiku, hokku * * * /huy kuy/, n., pl. haikai for 2. Pros. 1. an informal type of linked verse… …   Useful english dictionary

  • haïkaï — haïku ou haïkaï n. m. Didac. Poème japonais de trois vers. haïkaï ou haï kaï [ ajkaj] n. m. ÉTYM. 1920, Éluard; mot japonais, forme anc. de haïku. ❖ 1 (Stricto sensu) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • haikai — {{#}}{{LM H40976}}{{〓}} {{[}}haikai{{]}} {{■}}(jap.){{□}} (también {{◎}}hai kai{{ ̄}}) {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} → {{↑}}haiku{{↓}}. {{★}}{{\}}PRONUNCIACIÓN:{{/}} [haikái], con h aspirada. {{★}}{{\}}ORTOGRAFÍA:{{/}} Por ser un extranjerismo debe escribirse… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Haikai — Haïku Pour les articles homonymes, voir Haïku (homonymie). Le haïku (俳句, haiku?), terme créé par Shiki Masaoka (1867 1902), est une forme poétique très codifiée d origine japonaise, à forte composante …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haïkaï — Haïku Pour les articles homonymes, voir Haïku (homonymie). Le haïku (俳句, haiku?), terme créé par Shiki Masaoka (1867 1902), est une forme poétique très codifiée d origine japonaise, à forte composante …   Wikipédia en Français


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