Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent


Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent (1671–5 June, 1740), was a British courtier and one of the Lords Justice appointed during the absence, in Germany, of George I.

He was a son of Anthony Grey, 11th Earl of Kent and Mary Grey, 1st Baroness Lucas of Crudwell. He succeeded his father as 12th Earl of Kent in 1702, having succeeded his mother as 2nd Baron Lucas earlier the same year.

He was made Lord Chamberlain and a Privy Counsellor in 1704. He was created Marquess of Kent, Earl of Harold and Viscount Goderich in 1706, Duke of Kent in 1710, and made a Knight of the Garter in 1712. Having been succeeded as Lord Chamberlain by the Duke of Shrewsbury in 1714, he served as Lord Steward from 1716 until 1718, and Lord Privy Seal from 1719 until 1720. At the age of 68, a year before his death, Grey took part, as a founding governor, in the creation of Britain's first home for abandoned children, London's Foundling Hospital.

Left without a male heir after the death of his son Anthony, Earl of Harold, in 1733, he was created Marquess Grey in 1740, with a special remainder to his granddaughter Lady Jemima Campbell and her heirs male. She also succeeded to the Barony of Lucas. All his other titles became extinct at his death.

Marriages and children

Henry married first Jemima Crew, a daughter of Thomas Crew, 2nd Baron Crew and Mary Townshend. Mary was a daughter of Sir Roger Townshend, 1st Baronet and Mary de Vere. They had at least six children:

*Anthony Grey, Earl of Harold (d. 1723). Married Mary Tufton, a daughter of Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet and Lady Catharine Cavendish.
*Henry Grey (c. 1696 - 1717).
*Amabel Grey (d. 2 March, 1727). Married John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland.
*Jemima Grey (c. 1699 - 7 July, 1731). Married John Ashburnham, 1st Earl of Ashburnham.
*Anne Grey (d. 20 September, 1733). Married Lord Charles Cavendish.
*Mary Grey. Married Mr. Gregory, Dean of Christ Church.

He married secondly Sophia Bentinck, a daughter of William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland and Anne Villiers. Anne was a daughter of Sir Edward Villiers and his first wife Frances Howard. She was also a sister of Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey. They had a daughter:

*George Grey, Earl of Harold (c. 1732 - 1733)
*Anne Sophia Grey (d. 24 March, 1780). Married John Egerton, Bishop of Durham.

ources

*The Complete Peerage
*Lords Justices appointed during the absence of George I of Great Britain

External links

* [http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/british/gg/grey02.htm A Grey family pedigree]

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