- Jeffrey Alan Gray
Jeffrey Alan Gray (1934-2004) was a British psychologist. He was born in the
East End of London. His father was a tailor, but died when Jeffrey was only seven. His mother, who ran a haberdashery, brought him up alone.
Following military service (1952-54), he took up a MacKinnon scholarship at Magdalen College,
Oxford, with a place to study law. In the event he negotiated a switch to modern languages, obtaining a first in French and Spanish. He stayed on to take a second BA, this time in psychology and philosophy, which he completed in 1959.
In 1959-60 he trained as a clinical psychologist at the institute of Psychiatry, in London, after which he stayed on to study for a PhD in the department of psychology, which was, at that time, headed by
Hans Eysenck. His PhD was awarded in 1964, for a study of environmental, genetic and hormonal influences on emotional behaviour in animals.
He then took an appointment as a university lecturer in experimental psychology at Oxford. He remained at Oxford until succeeding Eysenck at the
Institute of Psychiatryin 1983. He retired from the chair of psychology in 1999, but continued his experimental research as an emeritus professor, and spent a productive year at the Centre for Advanced Studies at Stanford University, California. He served as the expert on psychology on the Gambling Review Body which produced the Gambling Review Report (2001).
*Gray, J. A. (1964).
Pavlov's Typology. Elsevier ISBN 0-08-010076-7
*Gray, J. A. (1987). The neuropsychology of anxiety. OUP. ISBN 0-19-852127-8
*Gray, J. A. (1987). The psychology of fear and stress (2nd ed.). Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
*Gray, J. A. (2004). OUP. ISBN 0-19-852090-5
*Gray, J. A. (1981). A critique of Eysenck's theory of personality. In H. J. Eysenck (Ed.),
A model for personality(pp. 246-276). New York: Springer.
*Gray, J. A. (1994). Framework for a taxonomy of psychiatric disorder. In S. H. M. van Goozen, & Van de Poll,Nanne E. (Eds.),. (pp. 29-59). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
*Gray, J. A. (1970). The psychophysiological basis of introversion-extraversion.
Behaviour Research & Therapy, Vol. 8(3), 249-266.
*Gray, J. A. (1990). Brain systems that mediate both emotion and cognition.
Cognition & Emotion, 4(3), 269-288.
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