John Arrowsmith (cartographer)


John Arrowsmith (cartographer)

John Arrowsmith (1780-1873) was an English geographer (mapmaker) and member of the Arrowsmith family of geographers. He was born at Winston, County Durham.

In 1810 he joined his uncle Aaron Arrowsmith in his mapmaking business in London. In 1821, they published a map of North America using a combination of a maps obtained from the Hudson's Bay Company and Aaron's own previous work. In 1834 John published his "London Atlas", which were the best set of such maps then in existence. He followed the atlas with a long series of elaborate and carefully executed maps, those of Australia, America, Africa and India being especially valuable. In 1863 he received the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society, of which body he was one of the founders.

His maps were very numerous, and their neatness and finished style gained John a very extensive reputation; a reputation which has since not been sustained. Arrowsmith was also a most industrious collector of materials, but he was not equally judicious in using them and though, in various respects, useful and meritorious, his maps contain many great and important errors.

Mount Arrowsmith, situated east of Port Alberni on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, is named for John Arrowsmith and his uncle Aaron Arrowsmith. [ [http://ilmbwww.gov.bc.ca/bcgn-bin/bcg10?name=9247 Integrated Land Management Bureau, Government of British Columbia.] Geographic place names.]

Maps of John Arrowsmith

*Map of Texas, 1841 [ [http://www.renoassociates.com/html/contours/JohnArrowsmith.htm Reno Associates, John Arrowsmith, Map of Texas] ]

*Map of Vancouver Island and the Adjacent Coasts, 1849 [ [ftp://www.ssc.uwo.ca/assoc/acml/maps/66.jpgAssociation of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives Map 66] at [http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/assoc/acml/facsnum.html ACMLA] ]

*British North America, 1854 [ [ftp://www.ssc.uwo.ca/assoc/acml/maps/95.jpgACMLA Map 95] ] (Larger version) [ [http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/historical/preconfederation/britishnorthamerica1823/95.gif/image_view Natural Resources Canada "The Atlas of Canada"] ]

*Map of Southern Tip of Vancouver Island and Oregon Territory, 1848 [ [http://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/archives/hbca/resource/cart_rec/gmcflm.html Government of Manitoba, Culture, Heritage and Tourism, Hudson's Bay Company Archives] Microfilm 1848 11M2, Location Code G. 1/156]

*Map of Southern Tip of Vancouver Island 1850 [ [http://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/archives/hbca/resource/cart_rec/gmcflm.html Government of Manitoba, Culture, Heritage and Tourism, Hudson's Bay Company Archives] Microfilm 11H1 Location Code G. 1/131-133]

References

*1911


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