- Stalag VI-C
Stalag VI-C - Oberlangen was a
World War IIGerman POW camplocated 6 km west of the village Oberlangen in Emslandin north-western Germany. It was originally built with five others in the same marshland area as a prison camp ("Straflager") for Germans. The Oberlangen camp was a sub-camp, first of Stalag VI-B Versen, then Stalag VI-C Bathorn. Consequently there is some confusion in source documents.
* The camp was built in September 1933 as a prison camp for Germans considered undesirable by the
* June 1940 about 1,400 Polish officers from the German September 1939 offensive were brought here from other camps.
* April 1941 the Polish officers were transferred to another
oflag, and that summer over 2,000 Sovietprisoners from Operation Barbarossaarrived. Conditions were appalling, starvation, epidemics and ill-treatment took a heavy toll of lives. The dead were buried in mass graves about 1 km north of the camp.
* September 1943 the subcamp Wesuwe was administratively combined with Oberlangen as Oflag VI-G and nearly 5,000 Italian officers were brought here after the Allied
Armistice with Italy.
* September 1944 the Italian officers were reclassified as Internees, deprived of their rights under the
Third Geneva Conventionand shipped out to various labor camps throughout Germany.
* November 1944, 1,721 Polish women officers and soldiers from the
Warsaw Risingarrived. The International Red Crosshad been advised that the camp was closed and was unaware of the Polish prisoners [ [http://www.polishresistance-ak.org/16%20Artykul.htm Polish women soldiers in Oberlangen camp] ] .
* 12 April 1945 the camp was liberated by the
Polish 1st Armoured Division. At that time there were 1,728 women in the camp.
* [http://www.polishresistance-ak.org/16%20Artykul.htm Polish women of the Home Army]
* [http://www.relikte.com/ Stalag VI-B/Z Oberlangen] in German
* [http://www.diz-emslandlager.de] in German
List of German WWII POW camps.
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