Infobox Website
name =
favicon =

caption = Screenshot of the "" page from September 16, 2001.
url =
commercial =
type = Satire / Humor
slogan = News for Grown-Ups
registration = Optional
owner =
author = Site creator is only known by his user name "elby" []
launch date = July 4, 2001
current status = Shut down on September 11, 2002, kept online as an archive []
revenue = was a satirical web site. It featured articles on politics, religion, technology, history, and sociology, as well as the "Linux Zealot" cartoon series. The site shut down on September 11, 2002, but has since made its archives available.'s slogan was "News for grown-ups," a play on the slogan of the popular Slashdot technology news site, "News for nerds. Stuff that matters," as Adequacy's founding editors were regular trolls on Slashdot. []


The Adequacy authors began as trolls on Slashdot and Kuro5hin, other technology-oriented discussion sites. They devised and posted many comments designed to provoke outraged responses; common styles included slighting a revered operating system or open source leader, or posting messages with simple but deliberate technical errors, which would incite hundreds of corrections.

After several years of such behavior, the Adequacy authors decided to open their own site consisting entirely of such articles intended to incite the reader, where users "in the know" would post comments agreeing with the articles. All comments posted by outsiders, openly stating their belief that an article was a troll, were hidden from public view.

Behind the scenes, the targets of the articles would be enticed to come to Adequacy and read the article. Adequacy members would post to weblogs, and other discussion forums, often pretending to be outraged by the article themselves. As an example, the article Not Just Harmless Fun [] , which argues that all anime is hentai and is designed to destroy Christian morals, was promoted on Usenet as such: "the author is some kind of Christian lunatic who believes that anime is all about paedophilia!" [] . The person behind this Usenet posting was James "spiralx" Skinner, also known as "Jon Erikson", the author of the article in question. He later stated, "I wrote the article to wind up anime-loving geeks." []

Adequacy style

Roger "localroger" Williams attempted a summary of Adequacy's general modus operandi in a mildly controversial Kuro5hin article, The Adequacy-Style Troll: A Brief Refresher [] . Williams' article was composed in response to the article titled Pedal Error: A Brief Refresher [] , written by "RobotSlave", a former Adequacy editor. Williams argued that the articles on Adequacy used a common methodology; that they started with basic, factually correct premises, followed reasonable-sounding but carefully constructed flawed logic, and arrived at outrageous conclusions. The article takes the stance that trolling attempts to cause chaos or disorder and is thus critical of Adequacy (it claims Adequacy-style trolling "brings a blender to the ordinary practice of shit-stirring"). Williams claims that deadpan satire of the sort found on Adequacy is too easy to mistake for sincere argument.

Another popular device used in Adequacy articles was to hyperlink almost every word or phrase to another article on the Internet, related to the specific word or phrase linked, often humourously, but meaningless in the context of the article. For example, the sentence "we survived a hardy winter" might have the word "hardy" linked to an article on Laurel and Hardy. Adequacy would also occasionally hyperlink to itself using words like "controversy" or phrases such as "the world's most controversial web site".

Adequacy would often deliberately misspell the targets of its satire. For example, Linux was always written as "Lunix", which has connotations of "lunatics" (although this spelling was already widely used in humorous contexts elsewhere, notably by Jeff K.). Linus Torvalds was written as either "Linux Torvalds", "Lunix Torvaldez" or "Linyos Torovoltos", and claimed to be a native of various countries, most often Russia. There were also technological in-jokes such as the idea of "IP Tokens" which could be stolen by hackers and used for nefarious purposes if you didn't have the correct protection mechanisms. Interestingly, this predated genuine "your computer is broadcasting an IP address!" web adverts which try to scare people into buying firewalls.

Many respondents to Adequacy used the point by point rebuttal format for raising their objections. For a brief period, Adequacy responded to such comments by removing them from public view and replacing them with a "Deletion Notice", which contained only their consequently incoherent responses, together with a copyright violation notice, chastising the poster for reproducing the entirety of the contested article without the author's permission. [] [] [] This was termed a "War on Copyright Violation" [] , perhaps as a satirical reference to the War on Drugs or War on Terrorism.

Notable Stories

As was the case for many humor-oriented Web sites, the mood on Adequacy was considerably more somber in the immediate aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, DC. Consequently, Adequacy published many "straight" stories related to the attacks. One such story, "Why The Bombings Mean That We Must Support My Politics", ridiculed politicians and pundits who used the attacks as a platform to advance their particular views. Although the story contained no specific names, it was intended as a response to technology evangelist Eric S. Raymond, who had opined on the evening following the attacks that armed civilians on the airliners could have averted the attacks and that the "lawmakers who disarmed all the non-terrorists on those four airplanes" were in part responsible for them. [cite web|last=Raymond, Eric S.|url=|title=Decentralism against terrorism -- first lessons from the 9/11 attack|accessdate=2006-11-21|date=2001-09-11] Raymond's comments, published mere hours after the attacks had taken place, generated widespread outrage, even among those who otherwise supported his role as an open source spokesman. [cite web|last=Guillaume|url=|title=ESR Doesn't Speak For Me|accessdate=2006-11-21|date=2001-09-12]

The Adequacy story, which was initially published on September 12, was its most popular post-9/11 story and was eventually syndicated by AlterNet on October 2, 2001, causing it to be mentioned by a number of online news and discussion sites. [cite web|last=Montoya, John Saul|url=|title=Why The Bombings Mean That We Must Support My Politics|accessdate=2006-11-21|date=2001-10-02] The piece was also mentioned in The Industry Standard, wherein commentator Keith Dawson referred to it as "a brilliant height of satire". [cite web|last=Dawson, Keith|url=,1902,28983,00.html|title=Exploiting It|accessdate=2006-11-27|date=2001-09-14]

In a return to more traditional fare, Adequacy used the October 2001 anthrax attacks against U.S. politicians and media figures as an occasion to petition the thrash metal band Anthrax to change their name. [] (The suggested replacement chosen by readers was "Basket Full Of Puppies".) The posted story implied that the band was engaged in "tasteless, juvenile antics" and that their name had been recently-chosen in order to capitalize on the media coverage of the attacks. This prompted an angry response from Scott Ian, the band's rhythm guitarist:

Some asshole from some thing called the Adequacy Org. e-mailed us demanding that we change our name. The guy is clueless. He talks about our new album called Spreading The Disease, calls us Grind Core, Death Metal and Speed Metal. He thinks we named the band last week to 'take advantage of this horrific situation.' Last week…..twenty years ago……. No big difference there. What a jackass. [cite web|last=Ian, Scott|url=|title= A Message from Scott Ian to Fans of Anthrax|accessdate=2006-11-21|date=2001-10-19]

Adequacy first gained widespread Internet notoriety after the December 2, 2001 publication of a story entitled "Is Your Son a Computer Hacker?" [] The story was engineered to raise the hackles of as wide a swath of the Internet geek community as possible; it lampooned such topics as the Linux operating system, processors from Advanced Micro Devices, online gaming, and rave culture. Furor over the story spread quickly through technology / gaming blogs and Usenet newsgroups [] , and visitors came to the site in droves to express their opinions. The story received an official count of 5,913 individual comments, not including several thousand more that were hidden by the Adequacy editors. This figure even exceeds the record of the much more heavily-visited Slashdot, which (as of November 21, 2006) stands at 5,687 replies to the story "Kerry Concedes Election to Bush". [cite web||url=|title=Slashdot Hall of Fame|accessdate=2006-11-21|date=2006-11-21]

The publicity of the hacker story reached its highest point on January 7, 2002, when Adequacy was featured as the "Site of the Night" on the TechTV television program The Screen Savers. [cite web|last=G4TV (formerly TechTV)|url=|title=Site of the Nite: Is Your Child a Hacker?|accessdate=2006-11-22|date=2002-01-07] Hosts Leo Laporte and Martin Sargent discussed the "warning signs" enumerated in the article individually, and while Laporte seemed inclined to believe that the article was a joke, neither was ultimately sure of what to make of it. "Is this a joke?" asked Laporte incredulously, to which Sargent replied "Do you think? I don't know. I can't tell."

On October 23, 2001, Adequacy published an interview [] with actor Wil Wheaton which consisted mostly of questions poking fun of his stint as Wesley Crusher on the television program . Wheaton, being familiar with the nature of the site, was willing to "play along" and provide the outrageous questions with equally-outrageous answers. [cite web|last=Wheaton, Wil|url=|title=Scooping Adequacy|accessdate=2006-11-21|date=2001-10-23] However, many of the readers of his own blog were not familiar with Adequacy and were dismayed over the answers that he had provided; Wheaton later expressed regret for doing the interview. [cite web|last=Wheaton, Wil|url=|title=Slow Emotion Replay|accessdate=2006-11-21|date=2001-10-26]

In April 2002, ex-stripper and Playboy model Koleen Brooks made national news when the voters of the town of Georgetown, Colorado voted to recall her from her position as the town's mayor, citing conduct "unbecoming an elected official". [cite web|last=Sevcik, Kimberly|url=,3604,707447,00.html|title=Too Wild For the West|accessdate=2006-11-22|date=2002-04-30] Brooks granted an interview with Adequacy wherein she discussed her performance as mayor and the circumstances surrounding her recall. []


External links

* [ archives]
* [ Adequacy "Computer Hacker" article being discussed on The Screen Savers]

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