A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a
shipused to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime. Operationally, troopships are normal ships, and unlike landing ships, cannot land troops directly on shore, typically loading and unloading at a seaportor onto smaller vessels, either tendersor barges.
The Troopship has as long a history as passenger ships do, as most maritime nations enlisted their support in military operations (either by leasing the vessels or by impressing them into service) when their normal naval forces were deemed insufficient for the task. In the 19th century, navies frequently chartered
civilian ocean liners, and from the start of the 20th century painted them gray and armed them; their speed, originally intended to minimize travel time, would prove valuable for outrunning submarines and enemy surface cruisers. HMT Olympic even managed to turn the tables, and rammed and sank a u-boat during one of its wartime crossings. Smaller or older liners with poorer performance were protected by operating in convoys.
Most major naval powers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided subsidies toward ensuring that they would have troopships available during times of war. The British government provided subsidies to both
Cunardand the White Star Linetoward the construction of liners ()
* HMT "Olympic" (Sister ship to )
* HMS "Otranto"
* [http://www.britisharmedforces.org/pages/nat_troopships.htm British Armed Forces Website: Troopships]
* James Dugan, "The Great Iron Ship", 1953 (regularly reprinted) ISBN 0-7509-3447-6
* Stephen Harding, "Great Liners at War", Motorbooks Int'l, Osceola, WI, USA, 1997 ISBN 0-7603-0346
* Goron Newell, "Ocean Liners of the 20th Century", Bonanza Books, USA, 1963 ISBN 0-517-03168X
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См. также в других словарях:
Troopship — Troop ship , n. A vessel built or fitted for the conveyance of troops; a transport. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
troopship — [tro͞op′ship΄] n. a ship for carrying troops; transport … English World dictionary
troopship — UK [ˈtruːpˌʃɪp] / US [ˈtrupˌʃɪp] noun [countable] Word forms troopship : singular troopship plural troopships a ship used for carrying soldiers … English dictionary
troopship — [[t]tru͟ːpʃɪp[/t]] troopships also troop ship N COUNT A troopship is a ship on which large numbers of soldiers are taken from one place to another … English dictionary
troopship — noun Date: 1800 a ship or aircraft for carrying troops ; transport … New Collegiate Dictionary
troopship — /troohp ship /, n. a ship for the conveyance of military troops; transport. [1860 65; TROOP + SHIP] * * * … Universalium
troopship — noun A ship used to transport military troops. Syn: trooper … Wiktionary
troopship — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. transport, landing craft, landing ship, LS, landing ship medium, LSM, landing ship tank, LST; see also boat , ship , transport , warship … English dictionary for students
troopship — troop|ship [ˈtru:pˌʃıp] n a ship used for moving soldiers … Dictionary of contemporary English
troopship — troop|ship [ trup,ʃıp ] noun count a ship used for carrying soldiers … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English