Leyland, Lancashire


Leyland, Lancashire

infobox UK place
country = England
latitude= 53.703
longitude= -2.682
official_name= Leyland
population= 40,000
shire_district= South Ribble
shire_county = Lancashire
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= South Ribble
post_town= LEYLAND
postcode_district = PR25, PR26
postcode_area= PR
dial_code= 01772
os_grid_reference= SD549232
Leyland is a town in the South Ribble borough of Lancashire, England. Lying approximately six miles (10 km) south of the city of Preston, Leyland has a population of around 40,000.Fact|date=February 2007

Geography and administration

Divisions and suburbs

* Leyland Town Centre
* Broadfield - between Leyland and Moss Side
* Worden Park
* Moss Side - west of Leyland
* Midge Hall
* "Wade Hall" - a large council housing estate situated in south Leyland. It can be traced back to the 1960's when the South Ribble Borough Council required more homes for the working class citizens as well as 'overspill' population from other towns in Lancashire.
* Earnshaw Bridge - an area on the northern outskirts of Leyland, north of Broadfield and north-west of the town centre
* Seven Stars
* Farington Moss
* Golden Hill
* Turpin Green

History

Etymology

It is unclear if Leyland means "flat" or "untilled land".

General history

The town is famous primarily for the bus and truck manufacturer Leyland Motors, which between the 1950s and 1970s expanded and grew to own several British motor manufacturers, including BMC, Standard-Triumph, and Rover, culminating in the massive British Leyland (BL).

Although BL was progressively broken up in the 1980s, a series of mergers and buy-outs has seen the truck-making side of the firm survive and the truck building industry is still a primary employer in the town. In 1998 the American firm PACCAR took control of Leyland Trucks, and moved production of Foden (a brand already owned by the company) to Leyland from its original base in Sandbach in Cheshire.

Leyland is also home to one of the UK's leading maintenance and utility companies, Enterprise Plc, also one of the leading employers in the town.

Leyland was part of the Central Lancashire New Town designated in 1970, along with Chorley and Preston.

Leyland railway station is on the West Coast Main Line, the very placement of which moved the civic centre of the town briefly, including Leyland Police Station and a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works declares the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgow and London, some 198 miles in either direction.

John Fishwick & Son serve the town's public transport needs. They also connect the town to Chorley and Preston.

Landmarks

Notable features include St Andrew's Parish Church [http://www.standrewsleyland.org.uk] , built around 1200 and a stone cross thought to date back to Saxon times.

Present day

Leyland has undergone a series of redevelopments, with a series of retailers moving into the area, on both sides of the town. This has seen the demolition of old factories, and their replacement by retail facilities. For example, the old BTR Factory was knocked down to make way for attractive new studio apartments and housing in 2004, with a Morrisons store, Homebase and Argos added in June 2006.

Leyland town centre is to undergo a major redevelopment under the Renewal4 programme [http://www.southribble.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=300553] which will include pedestrian friendly open squares, new street furniture including a fountain, the reduction of traffic on Hough Lane and closures of several streets.

The Leyland Band have also recently relocated to the town, after several years in various other rehearsal locations, and now have a permanent home in Farington Business Park.

chools and colleges

The Wade Hall estate (Formerly Spring Gardens), is home to St. Mary's Catholic Technical College which currently stands at 20th place in the Lancashire GCSE league table and has the highest GCSE scores in Leyland. Balshaw's Church of England High School is situated to the east of the town centre and ranked at 5th place in the Lancashire GCSE league table (BBC Online, 2006a).

To the east of Worden Park is Runshaw College, currently ranked at 7th place in the Lancashire A/AS Level league table (BBC Online 2006b). The college also received the best Ofsted report for any further education college in the UK in 2005.

Industry and economics

Economically, Leyland is comparable with many other West Lancashire towns of its size such as Southport, Lytham St Annes, Ormskirk and Hesketh Bank but the rate of change Leyland is experiencing at the moment suggests that Leyland will become wealthier than Ormskirk in the year 2010, although it still falls far behind its neighbour Chorley according to research undertaken by Runshaw College.

Schwan Food Company has had its UK base on the Moss Side Industrial Estate near the former Leyland Trucks vehicle test track, known as Schwan's Consumer Brands, since 1989, where it makes the "Chicago Town" brand of frozen food for distribution throughout Europe, employing around 350 people.

ee also

* Leyland Motors Ltd
* Leyland police station
* Leyland railway station
* Leyland Band

References

*BBC Online (2006a) [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/05/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/888_gcse_lea.stm "Schools in Lancashire"] , EducationLeague Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 27 June 2007]
*BBC Online (2006b) [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/05/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/888_alevel_lea.stm "Institutions in Lancashire"] , EducationLeague Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 4 May 2007]
* Hunt, D., (1990), "The History of Leyland and District", Carnegie Press, ISBN 0-948789-48-4
* Hunt, D. and Waring, W. (1995), "The Archive Photograph Series: Leyland", Chalford Publishing Company, ISBN 0752403486
* Smith, J., (2003), "Then and Now: Leyland", Tempus Publishing, ISBN 0-7524-2672-9
* South Ribble Borough Council - [http://www.southribble.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=300553 "Leyland Town Centre Masterplan"] [accessed 23 April 2008]
* Dj Baby Boo (HTID) (1987) Leyland

External links

* [http://www.southribble.gov.uk South Ribble Borough Council]
* [http://www.leylandtown.info Leyland Lancashire - A Community website]
* [http://www.leylandonline.com/ Leyland Online - Community news and information]
* Enterprise Plc [http://www.enterprise.plc.uk]
* [http://www.leylandproject.com The Leyland Project, Community support on the Wade Hall Estate]


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