Samanthan


Samanthan

Samanthans are a class of Nairs of Kerala. Traditionally they were subordinate to the Malayala Kshatriyas and superior to the Kiriyathil Nairs. Most of the customs and ceremonies of the Samanthans are same as Nairs. They did not wear the sacred thread or perform Vedic rites. Their women attached the title of "Kovilamma" to their name. Note that they are not be confused with the Samanta Kshatriyas which is the ancient name for the Malayala Kshatriyas.

Subdivisons

The chief subdivisions of the Samanthas are as follows [Fawcett. F Nairs of Malabar. Asian Educational Services, NewDelhi. 1990.] :
*Adiyodis
*Eradis
*Nedungadis
*Pandalas
*Unniyathiris
*Vallodis
*Nayanar
*Nambiar

Position

They were mostly Nair chiefs from Malabar who fled to Travancore during the invasion of Tipu Sultan of MysoreFact|date=March 2008. The Unniyathiris and Pandalas were the oldest with their seats in the towns of Vaikom and Ettumannor respectively. The Eradis, Vallodis and Nedungadis were chiefs from the areas of Eranad, Walluvanad and Nedunganad respectively. The Unniyathiris claim to be the highest among the Samanthas since the "Thali Kettu Kalyanam" of their girls is done by an "Aryapattar" unlike the Illayatu of the other Samanthans. Kavalappara Swaroopam and the Kuthiravattth Muppil Nairs are two other ruling dynasties claiming Cheraman Perumals ancestry.

Manners and Customs

Their manners and customs closely resemble those of the Nairs. In fact it seems that they are merely Nair chiefs like other royals claiming descent from the Cheras as there is no authentic evidence excepting a few stories to support their claims. Their houses were generally called "Madhoms" or in case of powerful chiefs " Kottarams" (Palace). Male members had Sambandhams with Nair ladies while females had Sambandham with Namboodiris.

References

*1. Fawcett.F Nairs of Malabar. Asian Educational Services, NewDelhi. 1990.
*2. Travancore State Manual by V. Nagam Aiya
*3. Travancore State Manual by Velu Pillai

See also

* Nair
* Kerala
* Malayala Kshatriyas
* Namboodiris
* Sambandham
* Kettu Kalyanam


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Demography of Nair community — The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste based census since 1931. Harry W. Blair has explained that With British autocracy went a consuming interest in ethnography that produced very thorough census of …   Wikipedia

  • Nayanar (Nair subcaste) — For other uses of the name, see Nayanar (disambiguation). Nayanar Classification Aristocracy, Feudatory, Landlord Religions Hinduism Languages Malayalam Populated States Kasaragod, Kannur Subdivisions Nambiar, Samanta Kshatriya …   Wikipedia

  • Mamankam festival — The river Nila(Bharatappuzha) in Thirunavaya, where the festival takes place Mamankam festival or Mamangam festival was an ancient festival celebrated in Thirunavaya, Malabar coast, south India, in the present day state of Kerala from the time of …   Wikipedia

  • Eradi — is a Samanthan surname coming from the Indian state of Kerala. They along with others like Menokys and Nedungadis belong to highest subsect of Nairs. The word is derived from the place name Eranad in Kerala. The Samoothiri (Zamorin) comes from… …   Wikipedia

  • Nedungadi — is a Samanthan last name, coming from the Indian state of Kerala. They belong to Samanthan section of the Malabar ruling class.[1] Samanthans were the erstwhile rulers of small Nadus (Places) under the Chera Dynasty. The name Nedungadi is… …   Wikipedia

  • List of lists of ethnic groups — The following is a list of lists of ethnic groups: By region * Africa ** North Africa ** Horn of Africa ** Sub Saharan Africa * Americas (indigenous) ** Brazil ** USA *** Alaska *** Hawaii ** Canada * Asia ** Southeast Asia *** Vietnam *** Laos… …   Wikipedia

  • Morganatic marriage — In the context of European royalty, a morganatic marriage is a marriage between people of unequal social rank, which prevents the passage of the husband s titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage. It is also known… …   Wikipedia

  • Princely state — For other uses, see Principality and Other princely states. Colonial India British Indian Empire Colonial India Portuguese India …   Wikipedia

  • Nair — This article is about a Hindu caste. For other uses, see Nair (disambiguation). Nair soldiers attending the King of Cochin: A 16th Century European portrait. Nair (/ˈnɑː.jər/), also known a …   Wikipedia

  • Chirakkal Raja — (king of Chirakkal) is the title of the senior most king of the Chirakkal branch (Chirakkal dynasty) of the Palli division of the Kolathiri dynasty of the erstwhile feudal state (nadu) of Kolathunadu in North Malabar, Kerala state, South India.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.