- London Underground 1973 Stock
Infobox Underground stock
CarLength=DM 17,676 mm
UNDM/T 17,473 mm
Weight=DM 27.15 tons
UNDM 26.16 tons
T 18.16 tons
TubeStock=trueThe 1973 Tube Stock operates on the
Piccadilly Lineof the London Underground, and was introduced in 1975 for the opening of the extension to Heathrow Central (now Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3).
A total of 88 trains were built in 1972-75 by
Metro Cammell. They entered service between 1975 and 1977 and were later refurbished by Bombardier Transportation. The stock was refurbished between 1995 and 2000; the last unrefurbished train appearing in passenger service on the 21 August 2000. Like all London Undergroundtrains, they operate on a four-rail 630 V DC power system.
Piccadilly Line's 1973 stock trains are kept in depots at Cockfostersin the north-east and Northfields in the west. They are painted in the London Undergroundcorporate livery - blue, white and red.
76 1973 stock trains are required for peak
Former rolling stock
The 1973 Stock was built to replace the 1956 Stock, 1959 Stock and the (seven) 1938 Stock trains formerly used on the Piccadilly Line. The opening of the extension from Hounslow West to Heathrow Central necessitated the construction of new trains, which would also need to be suitable for passengers with large amounts of luggage. The trains thus have extra space by the doors to allow for the luggage of passengers travelling to
Heathrow Airport. The 1956/1959 Stock was subsequently transferred to the Northern Lineand the 1938 Stock trains were scrapped.
The stock was fitted with a non-standard type of Digital Voice Announcer (DVA). Rather than other lines, which use wheel counters or
GPSto automatically provide announcements, the 1973 stock announcements had to be operated manually by the driver keying in a unique code. This being rather cumbersome, most drivers made their own announcements, if at all. In November 2006, the system was changed to an automated announcer with a simultaneous upgrade to the dot matrix displays in the carriages. The driver can also select two settings "commuter" and "tourist". In addition to this, the driver can add extra announcements through a code for example "please stand clear of the doors" or "Let customers off the train first please"
In addition, the "alights" are missed out of the "commuter" setting.
The "Alight" sections include:
King's Cross St. Pancras tube station: "The Royal National Institute of the Blind" Russell Square tube station: "The British Museum" Covent Garden tube station: "London's Transport Museum" Green Park tube station: "Buckingham Palace" South Kensington tube station: "The museums and Royal Albert Hall" Earls Court tube station: "Earls Court Exhibition Centre"
Holborn, Knightsbridge and Barons Court Stations are examples of stations which have an exclusive announcement due to their gaps: "Please mind the gap between the train and the platform."
In December 2007, the Piccadilly Line added St Pancras International to its dot matrix display and Digital Voice Announcer (DVA). The reading is as follows: "This is Kings Cross St Pancras. Change here for the Victoria, Northern, Hammersmith and City, Metropolitan and Circle Lines and national and international rail services".
In March 2008, the system went through another change - it has been the second announcer system to have the feature of saying "Please mind the gap between the train and platform" at the station before any other announcement, e.g: "Please mind the gap between the train and the platform. This is Barons Court. Change for the
District Line. This is a Piccadilly Line service to Heathrow Terminals 1,2,3 and 5"
Additionally Hatton Cross and Hounslow West now plays an announcement to inform passengers about how to reach terminal 4 or 5 depending on the service.
Each train is made up of two units of three cars:
DM - T - UDM | UDM - T - DM
Some units are also formed with a second DM in place of the UNDM - these are known as "double ended" units. A Driving motor car (DM) has a driver's cab and traction equipment. A trailer car (T) has neither cab nor traction equipment. A Non-driving motor car (UDM) has traction equipment without the driving cab, though it has control for purposes of
All trains in passenger service operate as two units, trains are only permitted to move as a single unit in depots. However one single double ended unit was used to operate the peak-hour Aldwych branch shuttle service, until the branch closed in 1994.
* [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tube/using/useful-info/technical/rolling/1973.asp Transport for London - 1973 stock specifications]
* [http://www.trainweb.org/tubeprune/73%20tube%20stock.htm Tubeprune - 1973 Tube Stock]
* [http://photos.ltmcollection.org London Transport Museum Photographic Archive]
**ltmcollection|o9/i00005o9.jpg|1973 Stock train at Oakwood, 1979
**ltmcollection|v8/i00000v8.jpg|1973 Stock 3-car train at Aldwych, 1981
**ltmcollection|x3/i0000ax3.jpg|End view of 1973 Stock motor car, 1975
**ltmcollection|wl/i0000awl.jpg|Interior view of 1973 Stock car, 1975
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
London Underground D78 Stock — D Stock redirects here. For the 1912 Metropolitan District Railway Stock, see London Underground D Stock. D78 Stock Manufacturer Metro Cammell In service … Wikipedia
London Underground rolling stock — UndergroundconnectThe history of London Underground s rolling stock is as complex as the history of the network itself. A wide variety of types have been operated, from the early days of steam locomotives and carriages through to today s electric … Wikipedia
London Underground 1983 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name=1983 Stock InService=1984 1998 Manufacturer=Metro Cammell LinesServed=Jubilee TubeStock=trueThe London Underground 1983 Stock was a class of electric multiple unit designed for the Jubilee Line.The 1983 Tube Stock… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1996 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name=1996 Stock InService=1997 present Manufacturer=GEC Alstom LinesServed=Jubilee CarLength=17.77m CarWidth=2.629m CarHeight=2.875m MaxSpeed=100 km/h (62 mph) Weight=DM 30.0 tonnes UNDM 27.1 tonnes T 20.9 tonnes… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1959 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name = 1959 Stock InService = 1959 2000 Manufacturer = Metro Cammell Weight = DM 26.62 tons NDM 24.28 tons T 20.67 tons CarHeight = 9 5 1/2 CarWidth = 8 6 1/4 CarLength = DM 52 2 5/16 NDM 51 2 13/16 T 51 2 13/16… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1949 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name = 1949 Stock InService = 1949 1978 Manufacturer = BRC W Weight = CarHeight = CarWidth = CarLength = CarSeating = TubeStock=trueThe 1949 Tube Stock was composed of ninety one cars built by the Birmingham Railway… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1973 Tube Stock — Nummerierung: DM: 100–203, 205–253, 854–897 T: 500–603, 605–653, 654–696 (gerade Nummern) UNDM: 300–403, 405–453 Anzahl: 86½ Züge Hersteller … Deutsch Wikipedia
London Underground electric locomotives — Manufacturer Stock type Deep level tube … Wikipedia
London Underground 1972 Tube Stock — Nummerierung: 1972 Mk.I Tube Stock DM: 3201–3230, 3301−3330, 3501, 3530 T: 4201−4230, 4301−4330, 4501−4530 UNDM: 3401−3430 1972 Mk.II Tube Stock DM: 3231−3248, 3250−3256, 3258−3267, 3299, 3531−3538, 3540− … Deutsch Wikipedia
London Underground — Métro de Londres Métro de Londres Situation Londres, Royaume Uni Type Métro Entrée en service … Wikipédia en Français