Infobox City Japan
PopDate= October 2005
Tree= Ichiigashi (Japanese
Flower= Tsutsuji (
Azalea) Himawari ( Sunflower)
CityHallAddress= 1-1 Jōnai, Kokura Kita-ku, Kitakyūshū-shi, Fukuoka-ken
CityHallLink= [http://www.city.kitakyushu.jp/ City of Kitakyūshū] nihongo|Kitakyūshū|北九州市|Kitakyūshū-shi|literally "Northern Kyūshū" is a city located in
Fukuoka prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. It is midway between Tokyoand Shanghai. Within Japan it is a leading city in anti-pollution measures and recycling with the [http://www.kitaq-ecotown.com/about/english/ Ecotown] facility in Wakamatsu ward.
Kitakyūshū has a population of just under one million. Together with Shimonoseki on
Honshūthe city is the major part of the Kanmon Straitsarea (北九州都市圏, 関門都市圏) which has a total population of about 1.5 million ("Bureau of Statistics definition"). Kokura Stationin Kitakyūshū is 20 minutes by shinkansenfrom the largest city in Kyūshū, Fukuoka which has a population of about 1.4 million, or 2.6 million in the Greater Fukuoka urban area (福岡都市圏). Kokura Stationis Kyūshū's second largest railway station after Hakata station, with about 120,000 users daily.
New Kitakyushu Airportopened on March 16, 2006and has stimulated the local economy through tourism and business trips.
There are multiple metropolitan area definitions for this area, with populations ranging from 1.15 million to 2.4 million people, depending on definition. Please see . Some estimates include nearby
Shimonosekiand Ubecities, but Ōita is definitely not in any definition. Also, Kitakyūshū, Iizuka, and Greater Fukuokahave coalesced somewhat where suburbs are between the two.
Kitakyūshū has seven wards ("ku"):
Nakamacity was to become the eighth ward of Kitakyūshū in 2005, to be called Nakama-ku, Kitakyūshū. However, the planned merger was rejected on December 24, 2004 by Nakama city's councillors, despite having been initiated by Nakama city. The reason is that as part of the merger the twenty-one councillors would be reduced to just three in the enlarged Kitakyūshū city.
The city's symbol mark is a flower with the kanji of "Kita" in the middle and five petals representing the five towns which came together to make the city in February 1963. The city was officially designated by government ordinance on April 1, 1963.
Kokura Prefecturewas founded separately from Fukuoka Prefecturein 1871 when the clan system was abolished. The old wooden-built Kokura Prefectural Office is still standing, and is being restored. It is opposite Riverwalk Kitakyushu. In 1876 Kokura Prefecture was absorbed by Fukuoka Prefecture. The city of Kokurawas founded in 1900.
The city of Kitakyūshū was founded on
February 10, 1963and was designated on April 1, 1963by government ordinance. It resulted from the amalgamation of five cities, Moji, Kokura, Tobata, Yahataand Wakamatsu, centred around the ancient feudal city of Kokura.
Kokura was the primary target of the nuclear weapon "
Fat Man" on August 9, 1945. Major Charles Sweeneyhad orders to drop the bomb visually, but the city was obscured by clouds. Hence Nagasaki, the secondary target, was where the bomb was dropped. The expression "Kokura's luck" thereafter became common in Japan to refer to occasions when someone avoids something unpleasant without their knowledge.
As of October 1, 2005, the city has an estimated
populationof 1,014,608 and the total area is 483.15 km². The average population densityis thus 2,063 persons per square kilometre. The population has steadily decreased in recent years.
The city has a much larger total area than that of Fukuoka which is only 340.03km².
Mori Ōgailived in Kokurafor several years and his house is open to the public in Kokura Kita ward. He wrote "Kokura Nikki" (Kokura diary) here. It is a ten minute walk from Kokura Station.
Matsumoto Seicho[http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%9D%BE%E6%9C%AC%E6%B8%85%E5%BC%B5] was born in Kokura. A [http://www.kid.ne.jp/seicho/html/ museum] dedicated to him is located in the city centre near Kokura Castle.
Hino Ashiheiwas born in Wakamatsu ward and his birthplace can be visited.
Lily Frankythe illustrator was born in Kokura.
Ted Fujitawas born in what is now Kokura Minami ward.
* [http://www.crossfm.co.jp/home/index.php Cross FM] started in Kitakyūshū, and is now also in Fukuoka city.
Saaya Irielives in Kitakyūshū
There are several local festivals (matsuri) held in the summer in various parts of the city and including the beautiful
Tobata Gion Yamagasa festivalin Tobata wardand the Wasshoi Hyakuman matsuriwhich brings all the festivals together for a grand parade and finale near the City Hall in Kokura Kita ward.
Hiraodai (平尾台) karst plateau and Mount Adachi （足立） in Kokura Minami ward; and Mount Sarakura (皿倉), and Kawachi (河内) reservoir in Yahata Higashi ward are all great walking areas with fine scenery.
Hiraodai includes the Shonyudo cave, where in summer you can walk for about one kilometre in freezing cold water.
Nippon Steel Corporation is still a major employer but the Yahata and Tobata plants are much reduced from the heyday of the 1960s. The
Zenrincompany known for its mapping and navigation software is based here, and so is TOTO, the biggest Japanese bathroom fixture manufacturer.
The major department stores in Kokura Kita ward are Kitakyūshū-based Izutsuya by the Murasaki river and Colet Izutsuya, in front of the South exit of
Kokura Stationin the former Isetandepartment store building.
A smaller scale shopping centre called Cha Cha Town has been created by
Nishitetsurailroad and bus company next to the Sunatsu bus depot in Kokura Kita ward. It is of course easily accessible by bus and there are lots of free concerts on the stage in the middle of the complex. "Cha" is part of the local Kitakyūshū dialect, and Cha Cha Town is popular with all ages. Riverwalk Kitakyushuis the newest shopping centre in Kokura. It contains many brand name shops, a Starbucksrestaurant (note - there is another Starbucks near Kokura Station), the Kitakyūshū studios of NHKTV, two theatres, a multiplex cinema and a branch of the Kitakyushu city art museum. It is next to the castle and to Murasaki River which runs through the centre of Kokura Kitaward.
The [http://www.ksrp.or.jp/e/index.html Kitakyushu Science and Research Park] is home to four universities and nine research organisations. It is aiming to become a centre for hi-tech research in Asia.
Located at a strategic position on the south side of the
Kanmon Straits, Kitakyūshū is an important transport hub for traffic between Honshūand Kyūshūand has a large port.
The new 24-hour
New Kitakyushu Airportopened on March 16, 2006. It is much larger than the previous Kitakyushu Airportand offshore on an artificial island in the Suo Nada gulf in the Seto Inland Sea, near Kanda town. It will eventually be connected with Kokura Stationby a new fast rail link. A new airline based in the city called StarFlyerbegan operations when the airport opened.
Kokura Stationowned by JR Kyushuis the penultimate stop on the Sanyo Shinkansenbefore the Hakata Stationterminus and all Shinkansenservices stop here. It is also served by local and express trains on the Kagoshima and the Nippo main lines. Within the city transport is provided by buses and a monorail line. Mojiko Stationis the northern terminus of the Kagoshima Main Line(J: Kagoshima honsen) which is the most important line on the JR Kyushunetwork.
Kitakyushu Monoraillinks Kokura station efficiently and cheaply with residents and commuters in Kokura Minamiward.
Kitakyūshū is the largest
ferryport in Western Japan. Ferry services operate between Kitakyūshū and Shimonoseki, Matsuyama, Tokushima, Kōbe, Ōsaka, Tōkyō, Ulsan(Korea), Busan(Korea) and city's isolated islands. The main ferry port is at Shin-Moji, but there are also ferries at Moji-koand in Kokura near the station.
Within the Kanmon-Kitakyūshū area, there are three commuter lines: Trans-Dokaiwan (Waka-To) Ferry, The Kanmon Straits Ferry, and The Kanmon Straits Liner.
There are several bridges in Kitakyūshū and between the city and other places. The largest ones are the
Kanmon Straits' Kanmonkyo Bridge(J: Kanmon Kyo) between Kitakyūshū and Shimonoseki (on Kyūshū and Honshū respectively) and the Waka-To Ō-hashi bridge linking Tobata and Wakamatsu wards. But there are also bridges over the Onga river(J: Onga-gawa) on the western border of the city.
The previous mayor Mr.
Koichi Sueyoshiwas very keen on building bridges and other major construction projects, having been formerly employed by the Construction ministry (Kensetsusho).
On September 30, 2005 ownership of the Waka-To Ō-hashi bridge was transferred from
Japan Highway Public Corporationto Kitakyūshū city, and on April 1, 2006 to the Kitakyushu City Road Public Corporation.
A modern city
Kitakyūshū is now the most advanced city in Japan with regard to
pollutioncontrol and recyclingtechnology. In the 1960s it saw the birth of environmental protests in Japan, led by a group of housewives in Sanroku-cho, Tobata wardwho were concerned that their washing always became dirty while drying on the lines. Now Kitakyūshū advises sister cities such as Dalianon water purification etc. In 1992, Kitakyūshū was one of twelve world cities given a Local Government Honours Award at the United Nations Earth Summitto honour its environmental programs.
Kitakyūshū is home to the
West Japan Industry and Trade Convention Association, with its Kitakyushu International Conference Centerand the West Japan General Exhibition Center, and is very active in holding and hosting international conferences of various kinds, especially on the environment and education. A theme parkcalled Space Worldis in East Yahata ward. There is a training centre of the Japan International Cooperation Agency(JICA) also.
The previous Mayor (Koichi Sueyoshi) was the third since the city's foundation, and was elected in 1987. The
Kitakyushu Renaissance[http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8C%97%E4%B9%9D%E5%B7%9E%E5%B8%82%E3%83%AB%E3%83%8D%E3%83%83%E3%82%B5%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E6%A7%8B%E6%83%B3] project began in December 1988 and is to finish in 2006.
An unfortunate reputation
Kitakyūshū has suffered unfairly from the unfortunate image and reputation - both domestically and overseas - of an industrial and heavily polluted city with many smokestacks, which it indeed was back in the 1960s when it was a major engine of the Japanese economy and local people took pride in the multi-coloured rainbows of smoke. As a result some superficial and ill-informed guidebooks have described the city as "hideous", "ugly" etc. - but nowadays this is becoming more and more outdated, and it was in any case never the whole story.
In the 1970s, the Municipality started adopting measures to decrease the pollution. Nowadays, Kitakyūshū is making great efforts to show itself as an environmentally-friendly place.
The city covers a vast area - it is the largest in
Kyūshū- and there are many unspoilt and beautiful areas which have never been touched by industry, especially in the southern part. It has some of the best sightseeing spots in Kyūshū.
Incheon, South Korea
Norfolk, Virginia, United States
Tacoma, Washington, United States
Research Institutes / Graduate Schools
Kitakyushu Science and Research Park(北九州学術研究都市)
Fukuoka UniversityInstitute for Recycling & Environmental Control System(福岡大学大学院工学研究科 資源循環・環境制御システム研究所)
**Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering,
Kyushu Institute of Technology(九州工業大学 大学院生命体工学研究科)
Graduate Schoolof Information, Production and Systems/Information, Production and Systems Research Center, Waseda University(早稲田大学大学院 情報生産システム研究科 情報生産システム研究センター)
Universities / Colleges
Kyushu Institute of Technology(九州工業大学)
Kyushu Dental College(九州歯科大学)
University of Kitakyushu(北九州市立大学)
Kyushu International University(九州国際大学)
Kyushu Kyoritsu University(九州共立大学)
Kyushu Nutrition Welfare University(九州栄養福祉大学)
Kyushu Polytechnic College(九州職業能力開発大学校)
Kyushu Women's University(九州女子大学)
Seinan Women's University(西南女学院大学)
University of Environmental & Occupational Health Japan(産業医科大学)
Higashi Chikushi Junior College(東筑紫短期大学)
Kyushu Women’s Junior College(九州女子短期大学)
Orio Aishin Junior College(折尾愛真短期大学)
Seinan Jo Gakuin University Junior College(西南女学院大学短期大学部)
New Wave Kitakyushu- Football, Japan Football League
*Cultural Memorial swimming pool
Honjō Stadium- Home stadium for New Wave Kitakyushu
*Katsuki Sports Center
Kitakyushu Media Dome- Indoor Keirinstadium
Kitakyushu Municipal Baseball Stadium
Kitakyushu Municipal Gymnasium
Kokura Race course(Kokura keibajo)
*Momozono civic swimming pool
*Orio Sports Center
Notable people from Kitakyūshū
People from old Kokura, Moji, Tobata, Wakamatsu, and Yahata cities are also included.
Shinji Aoyama: Film director
Wataru Aso: Incumbent governor of Fukuoka Prefecture
Chage and Aska): Singer
Ted Fujita: Meteorologist
Ashihei Hino: Novelist
Keiichiro Hirano: Novelist
Hideyuki Hirayama: Film director
Sota Hirayama: Football player
Tsukasa Hojo: Mangaka
Yasuto Honda: Retired football player
Mochiru Hoshisato: Mangaka
Tsuyoshi Ihara: Actor
Kenji Kimihara: Long distance runner, silver medalist at the 1968 Summer Olympics
Yōichi Masuzoe: Politician, incumbent Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare
Reiji Matsumoto: Mangaka
Seichō Matsumoto: Novelist
Futoshi Matsunaga: Serial killer
Takuro Miuchi: Rugby footballplayer
Masashi Motoyama: Football player
Seiko Noda: Politician, current member of House of Representatives
Katsuya Onizuka: retired boxer, former WBA Super Flyweightchampion
Kenichi Ohmae: Economic and business strategist
Oku Yasukata: field marshal of Imperial Japanese Army
Ryuzo Saki: Novelist
Yoshinori Suematsu: Politician, current member of House of Representatives
Hajime Sugiyama: Former Field Marshal of Imperial Army General Staff Office
Yoshie Takeshita: captain of the Japanese women's volleyball team
* [http://www.city.kitakyushu.jp/ Official website] in Japanese
* [http://www.city.kitakyushu.jp/pcp_portal/PortalServlet?DISPLAY_ID=DIRECT&NEXT_DISPLAY_ID=U000000&LANG_ID=2/ Official website] in English
* [http://www.fukuoka-tourism.net/e/kitakyushu.html Kitakyushu page of Fukuoka Prefecture Tourism Association website]
* [http://www.ksrp.or.jp/e/index.html Kitakyushu Science and Research Park]
* [http://www.cca-kitakyushu.org/ CCA Kitakyushu]
* [http://www.kitakyu-fc.com/english/guide/ Kitakyushu Film Commission]
* [http://www.kitaq-koryu.jp/en/index.php Kitakyushu International Association] produces [http://www.inf.ne.jp/kia/kankobutu/himawari_e.pdf Himawari] - a monthly newsletter
* [http://www.kqkicks.antazi.com/main.html Kitakyushu Kicks] - an unofficial English language website about Kitakyushu
* [http://www.e-you.biz/ www.e-you.biz] - a website for foreigners in Kitakyushu
* [http://weather.msn.com/local.aspx?wealocations=wc:jaxx0039&tbid=7dd9f2fb_8f1b_4033_acef_5cd9e91ce886 Kitakyushu weather]
* [http://kitakyushu-guide.blogspot.com/ Kitakyushu guide] - some tourist maps about Kitakyushu
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kitakyūshū — shi 北九州市 Geographische Lage in Japan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kitakyūshū — shi (北九州市) Le château Kokura Administration Pays Japon Région Kyūshū … Wikipédia en Français
Kitakyushu — Kitakyūshū Kitakyūshū shi (北九州市) Pays Japon Région Kyūshū … Wikipédia en Français
Kitakyūshū — Kitakyūshū, Hafenstadt an der Nordküste von Kyūshū, Japan, 1,01 Mio. Einwohner; entstanden 1963 durch Zusammenschluss der Städte Yahata (Jawata), Kokura, Moji, Tobata und Wakamatsu; TH; Eisen und Stahlindustrie (v. a. in Yahata), Schiff ,… … Universal-Lexikon
KITAKYUSHU — KITAKY 樓SH 樓 Kitaky sh (qui signifie Nord Ky sh ) compte parmi les principales agglomérations du Japon (1 020 000 hab. en 1993). Elle résulte du regroupement administratif, en 1963, de cinq villes du nord de la préfecture de Fukuoka: Moji et… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Kitakyushu — [kē′tä kyo͞o′sho͞o] seaport on the N coast of Kyushu, Japan: pop. 1,015,000 … English World dictionary
Kitakyushu — 北九州市 Kitakyūshū shi Geographische Lage in Japan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kitakyushu — Original name in latin Kitakysh Name in other language Kitakiusuo, Kitakiuuo, Kitakjushu, Kitakjusju, Kitakjusu, Kitakjs Kitakj Kitakyushu, Kitakysh bei jiu zhou shi, gitakyusyu si, Китакюсю, Китакјушу State code JP Continent/City Asia/Tokyo… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kitakyushu — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Kitakyushu Country and Admin Code JP.07.1859306 JP … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Kitakyushu — geographical name city & port Japan in N Kyushu formed 1963 by amalgamation of former cities of Kokura, Moji, Tobata, Wakamatsu, & Yawata population 1,026,467 … New Collegiate Dictionary