Afro-American religion


Afro-American religion

Afro-American religions (also African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of the Caribbean Islands and Latin America, as well as parts of the southern United States. They derive from African traditional religions, especially of West and Central Africa, showing similarities to the Yoruba religion in particular.

Characteristics

These religions usually involve ancestor veneration and/or a pantheon of divine spirits, such as the loas of Haitian Vodou, or the orishas of Santería. Similar divine spirits are also found in the Central and West African traditions from which they derive — the orishas of Yoruba cultures, the nkisi of Bantu (Kongo) traditions, and the vodou of Dahomey (Benin), Togo, southern Ghana, and Burkina Faso. In addition to mixing these various but related African traditions, many Afro-American religions incorporate elements of Christian, indigenous American, Kardecist, Spiritualist and even Islamic traditions. This mixing of traditions is known as religious syncretism.

List of traditions


* "Developed in" as indicated in the chart does "not" refer to the religions' indigenous origins within continental Africa. It refers only to their development in the New World.

Other closely related regional faiths include:
*Xangô de Recife [ [http://digitalcommons.libraries.columbia.edu/dissertations/AAI8906816/ Xango de Recife] ] and "Xangô do Nordeste" in Brazil
*"Tambor de Mina" in Brazil
*Candomblé Ketu in Bahia, Brazil

New religious movements

Some syncretic new religious movements have elements of these African religions, but are predominantly rooted in other spiritual traditions. A first wave of such movements originates in the 1930s:
* Santo Daime (folk Catholicism and Spiritism, Brazil),
*Nation of Islam (Islam, USA)
*Rastafarianism (Abrahamic, Jamaica),

A second wave of new movements originates in the 1960s to 1970s, in the context of the emergence of New Age and Neopaganism in the United States:
*União do Vegetal (Brazil, entheogenic, since 1961)
*Vale do Amanhecer (Brazil, Spiritism, since 1965)
*Ausar Auset Society ( [USA, Kemetism, Pan-Africanism, since 1973),
*Black Buddhist Community in America (USA, Buddhism, since the 1960s)

ee also

* Afro-Brazilian Religion
* African traditional religion

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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