- Glauber Rocha
Glauber Pedro de Andrade Rocha (
March 14, 1939– August 22, 1981) was an influential Brazilian film director, actorand writer, best known for his movie " Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol" ( "Black God, White Devil") from 1964.
Rocha was born in
Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Braziland moved with his family to Salvador when he was only 9 years old, there studying in a famous and respected Presbyterianschool.During his adolescence, he developed great interest in arts, especially theatre and cinema, and even joined a drama group. He was also very active in politics, a trait that would be strongly influential in his works.
By the age of 16 he started
freelancingfor a local newspaper and debuted as a movie reviewer. Later, he attended Law School for about two years and in 1959, after taking part in some projects as assistant, he finally directed his first short, "Pátio". After gaining some recognition in Bahia for his critical and artistic work, Rocha decided to quit college and pursue a journalistic career, as well as being a film-maker.
He is notorious for his film trilogy, made up of "
Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol" (1964) - perhaps his most acclaimed movie, nominated for the Golden Palm-, " Terra em Transe" (1967) and " O Dragão da Maldade Contra o Santo Guerreiro" (1969), award-winning for Best Director at Cannes. His films were renowned for their strongly-expressed political themes, often combined with mysticism and folklore, but also for their particular style and photography. Rocha is regarded as the one of the best Brazilian directors of all time and leader of the Cinema Novomovement, as well as a full-time polemicist. He once said "I am the Cinema Novo", [ [http://www.sidneyrezende.com/sec_livros_view.php?page=3&release=1 Sidney Rezende :: Livros ] ] paraphrasing Louis XIV's famous quote.
In 1971, during the Brazilian military dictatorial regime, he left the country to a voluntary
exile, dwelling in many places, such as Spain, Chileand Portugal. He never completely returned home until his last days, when he was transferred from Lisbon, where he had been receiving medical treatment for a lunginfection, to Rio de Janeiro. Rocha resisted in hospital for few days, but ultimately died in August 22, 1981, at the age of 43.He had been married three times and had five children.
* 1959 - "
Pátio", short, B&W
* 1959 - "
Cruz na Praça", short, B&W
* 1961 - "
Barravento", feature film, B&W
* 1964 - "
Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol", feature film, B&W
* 1965 - "
Amazonas, Amazonas", short, color
* 1966 - "
Maranhão 66", short, B&W
* 1967 - "
Terra em Transe", feature film, B&W
* 1968 - "1968", short, B&W
* 1969 - "
O Dragão da Maldade Contra o Santo Guerreiro" (aka "Antonio das Mortes"), feature film, color
* 1970 - "
Cabeças Cortadas", feature film, color
* 1970 - "
O Leão de Sete Cabeças", feature film, color
* 1972 - "
Câncer", feature film, B&W
* 1974 - "
História do Brasil", feature film, B&W
* 1975 - "
As Armas e o Povo", feature film, B&W
* 1975 - "
Claro", feature film, color
* 1977 - "
Di(aka Di-Glauber and Di Cavalcanti)", short, color
* 1977 - "
Jorjamado no Cinema", feature film, color
* 1980 - "
A Idade da Terra", feature film, color
* 1985 - "
História do Brasil" ("post mortem")
* "Art is not only talent, but mainly courage"
* "Art is as hard as love"
* "Every artist should be crazy and ambitious"
* "The artist's goal is to outrage"
* "The camera is an object that lies"
Cinema Novois the creative synthesis of Brazilian international popular cinema."
Cinema Novostood with the Brazilian utopia. Whether it is ugly, irregular, dirty, confusing and chaotic, it is, on the other hand, beautiful, shinning and revolutionary."
* "The revolutionary truth lies within the minorities"
* "Dreaming is the only right one cannot forbid"
* "The State is stronger than the poet"
* "Stronger than anything is the people's power"
* "This country needs poets"
* "I'm a single peasant from
Vitória da Conquista"
* "I'm very famous and pretty poor"
* "You're all misunderstanding my madness!"
Cinema of Brazil
List of awards and nominations for Brazilian films
List of Brazilian films
List of Brazilians
* [http://www.tempoglauber.com.br/ Tempo Glauber (Portuguese, Spanish and English)]
* [http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/05/rocha.html Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Glauber Rocha — Nacimiento 14 de marzo de 1939 Vitória da Conquista, Bahía, Brasil Fallecimiento 22 de agosto de 1981 Río de Janeiro … Wikipedia Español
Glauber Rocha — Glauber Pedro de Andrade Rocha (* 14. März 1938 in Vitória da Conquista, Brasilien; † 22. August 1981 in Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien) war ein brasilianischer Filmregisseur und als solcher einer der wichtigsten Vertreter des Cinema Novo.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gláuber Rocha — Glauber Pedro de Andrade Rocha (* 14. März 1938 in Vitória da Conquista, Brasilien; † 22. August 1981 in Rio de Janeiro) war ein brasilianischer Filmregisseur und als solcher einer der wichtigsten Vertreter des Cinema Novo. Filmografie 1958: O… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Glauber Rocha — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Glauber et Rocha (homonymie). Glauber Rocha Données clés Naissance 14 mars 1938 Vitória da Conquista Brésil Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
ROCHA (G.) — ROCHA GLAUBER (1939 1981) Né le 14 mars 1939 à Vitória da Conquista, au Brésil, dans l’État de Bahia (le Nordeste), Glaúber Rocha découvre à vingt ans le cinéma européen, au moment de l’émergence de la nouvelle vague, et devient assistant… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Glauber (disambiguation) — Glauber can mean:* Glauber, a computer software system * Glauber (crater)Glauber can refer to the following people: * Gláuber (footballer), Brazilian footballer * Roy J. Glauber, American physicist * Johann Rudolf Glauber, Dutch German alchemist… … Wikipedia
Rocha (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rocha puede referirse a: Lugares: André da Rocha, un municipio brasilero. Biblioteca Municipal Rocha Peixoto, una biblioteca situada en Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal. Castillo de la Rocha Forte, un castillo en Galicia,… … Wikipedia Español
Rocha — bezeichnet: einer Stadt in Uruguay, siehe Rocha (Stadt) eines Verwaltungsbezirks in Uruguay, siehe Rocha (Departamento) eine Birnensorte, siehe Rocha (Birne) Rocha ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rocha (disambiguation) — Rocha may refer to:*Rocha, the Portuguese word for boulder, commonly found in place names;places *Rocha Department, a department in the east of Uruguay *Rocha, Uruguay, capital city of the Rocha Department. *a community in Moca, Puerto… … Wikipedia
Glauber — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Pour consulter un article plus général,… … Wikipédia en Français