Glauber Rocha


Glauber Rocha

Glauber Pedro de Andrade Rocha (March 14, 1939 – August 22, 1981) was an influential Brazilian film director, actor and writer, best known for his movie "Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol" ( "Black God, White Devil") from 1964.

Biography

Rocha was born in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil and moved with his family to Salvador when he was only 9 years old, there studying in a famous and respected Presbyterian school.During his adolescence, he developed great interest in arts, especially theatre and cinema, and even joined a drama group. He was also very active in politics, a trait that would be strongly influential in his works.

By the age of 16 he started freelancing for a local newspaper and debuted as a movie reviewer. Later, he attended Law School for about two years and in 1959, after taking part in some projects as assistant, he finally directed his first short, "Pátio". After gaining some recognition in Bahia for his critical and artistic work, Rocha decided to quit college and pursue a journalistic career, as well as being a film-maker.

He is notorious for his film trilogy, made up of "Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol" (1964) - perhaps his most acclaimed movie, nominated for the Golden Palm -, "Terra em Transe" (1967) and "O Dragão da Maldade Contra o Santo Guerreiro" (1969), award-winning for Best Director at Cannes. His films were renowned for their strongly-expressed political themes, often combined with mysticism and folklore, but also for their particular style and photography. Rocha is regarded as the one of the best Brazilian directors of all time and leader of the Cinema Novo movement, as well as a full-time polemicist. He once said "I am the Cinema Novo", [ [http://www.sidneyrezende.com/sec_livros_view.php?page=3&release=1 Sidney Rezende :: Livros ] ] paraphrasing Louis XIV's famous quote.

In 1971, during the Brazilian military dictatorial regime, he left the country to a voluntary exile, dwelling in many places, such as Spain, Chile and Portugal. He never completely returned home until his last days, when he was transferred from Lisbon, where he had been receiving medical treatment for a lung infection, to Rio de Janeiro. Rocha resisted in hospital for few days, but ultimately died in August 22, 1981, at the age of 43.He had been married three times and had five children.

Filmography

* 1959 - "Pátio", short, B&W
* 1959 - "Cruz na Praça", short, B&W
* 1961 - "Barravento", feature film, B&W
* 1964 - "Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol", feature film, B&W
* 1965 - "Amazonas, Amazonas", short, color
* 1966 - "Maranhão 66", short, B&W
* 1967 - "Terra em Transe", feature film, B&W
* 1968 - "1968", short, B&W
* 1969 - "O Dragão da Maldade Contra o Santo Guerreiro" (aka "Antonio das Mortes"), feature film, color
* 1970 - "Cabeças Cortadas", feature film, color
* 1970 - "O Leão de Sete Cabeças", feature film, color
* 1972 - "Câncer", feature film, B&W
* 1974 - "História do Brasil", feature film, B&W
* 1975 - "As Armas e o Povo", feature film, B&W
* 1975 - "Claro", feature film, color
* 1977 - "Di (aka Di-Glauber and Di Cavalcanti)", short, color
* 1977 - "Jorjamado no Cinema", feature film, color
* 1980 - "A Idade da Terra", feature film, color
* 1985 - "História do Brasil" ("post mortem")

Quotations

On Art:
* "Art is not only talent, but mainly courage"

* "Art is as hard as love"

* "Every artist should be crazy and ambitious"

* "The artist's goal is to outrage"

* "The camera is an object that lies"

* "Cinema Novo is the creative synthesis of Brazilian international popular cinema."

* "Cinema Novo stood with the Brazilian utopia. Whether it is ugly, irregular, dirty, confusing and chaotic, it is, on the other hand, beautiful, shinning and revolutionary."

On Politics:
* "The revolutionary truth lies within the minorities"

* "Dreaming is the only right one cannot forbid"

* "The State is stronger than the poet"

* "Stronger than anything is the people's power"

* "This country needs poets"

On Himself:
* "I'm a single peasant from Vitória da Conquista"

* "I'm very famous and pretty poor"

* "You're all misunderstanding my madness!"

ee also

* Cinema of Brazil
* List of awards and nominations for Brazilian films
* List of Brazilian films
* List of Brazilians

Notes

External links

* [http://www.tempoglauber.com.br/ Tempo Glauber (Portuguese, Spanish and English)]
* [http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/05/rocha.html Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database]
*


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Gláuber Rocha — Glauber Pedro de Andrade Rocha (* 14. März 1938 in Vitória da Conquista, Brasilien; † 22. August 1981 in Rio de Janeiro) war ein brasilianischer Filmregisseur und als solcher einer der wichtigsten Vertreter des Cinema Novo. Filmografie 1958: O… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • ROCHA (G.) — ROCHA GLAUBER (1939 1981) Né le 14 mars 1939 à Vitória da Conquista, au Brésil, dans l’État de Bahia (le Nordeste), Glaúber Rocha découvre à vingt ans le cinéma européen, au moment de l’émergence de la nouvelle vague, et devient assistant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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