John Raines

John Raines

John Raines (May 6, 1840 Geneva, Ontario County, New York - December 16, 1909 Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.


He was educated at Canandaigua Academy and Albany Law School, from where he graduated in 1861. Admitted to the bar upon graduation, Raines set up a law practice in Geneva, New York.

During the American Civil War, Raines formed and served as Captain of Company G of the 85th New York Volunteer Infantry and served in both the Army of the Potomac and the Army of North Carolina.

He was a Republican member of the New York State Assembly in 1881, 1882 and 1885, and of the New York State Senate from 1886 to 1889. In addition he was President of the Board of Education for the Canandaigua school district from 1887 until his death. He was a delegate to the 1888 Republican National Convention.

He was elected to the 51st and 52nd United States Congresses, and served from March 4, 1889, to March 3, 1893. Afterwards he returned to the State Senate where he served from 1894 until his death, and was President pro tempore from 1904 on. He was an lternate delegate to the 1900 and 1904 Republican National Conventions.

On December 5, 1906, he became Acting Lieutenant Governor of New York for the remainder of the month after the resignation of M. Linn Bruce who was appointed to the New York Supreme Court by Governor Frank W. Higgins.

He is known for authoring the 1896 Raines Law, which prohibited liquor sales on Sundays, except in hotels, and is said to have inadvertently fostered prostitution.

Raines was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Canandaigua.

New York State Treasurer Thomas Raines was his brother.


Two of Raines' houses in Canandaigua still stand. His primary home, on the corner of Wood and Gorham Streets, was an Octagon house. His summer home, "Thendara", sat along the eastern shore of Canandaigua Lake at Deep Run Cove and is operated today as a restaurant and inn.


*CongBio|R000013 (giving Canandaigua as birthplace)
* [] Bruce resigned, Raines acting, in NYT on December 6, 1906
* [] Obit in NYT on December 16, 1909 (giving Geneva as birthplace)

External links

* [ Thendara Inn] - former summer home of John Raines

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