- This Side of Paradise
infobox Book |
name = This Side of Paradise
image_caption = Dust jacket cover of first edition; illustration by W. E. Hill.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
language = English
publisher = Scribner
release_date = 1920
media_type = Print (
pages = 305 pp (first edition hardcover)
isbn = NA
"This Side of Paradise" is the debut
novelof F. Scott Fitzgerald. Published in 1920, and taking its title from a line of the Rupert Brookepoem "Tiare Tahiti", the book examines the lives and morality of post- World War Iyouth. Its protagonist, Amory Blaine, is an attractive Princeton Universitystudent who dabbles in literature and has a series of romances that eventually lead to his disillusionment. In his later novels, Fitzgerald would further develop the book's theme of love warped by greed and status-seeking.
In the summer of 1919, 22-year-old Fitzgerald broke up with the girl he had been courting,
Zelda Sayre. After being drunk for much of the summer he returned to St. Paul, Minnesota, where his family lived, to complete the novel, hoping that if he became a successful novelist he could win Zelda back. While at Princeton, Fitzgerald had written an unpublished novel called "The Romantic Egotist" and ultimately 80 pages of the typescript of this earlier work ended up in "This Side of Paradise". [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=98–99]
September 4, 1919, Fitzgerald gave the manuscript to a friend to deliver to Maxwell Perkins, an editor at Charles Scribner's Sonsin New York. The book was nearly rejected by the editors at Scribners, but Perkins insisted, and on September 16it was officially accepted. Fitzgerald begged for early publication—convinced that he would become a celebrity and impress Zelda—but was told that the novel would have to wait until the spring. Nevertheless, upon the acceptance of his novel for publication he went and visited Zelda and they resumed their courtship. His success imminent, she agreed to marry him. [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=109]
"This Side of Paradise" was published on
March 26, 1920with a first printing of 3,000 copies. The initial printing sold out in 3 days, confirming his prediction of overnight fame. On March 30, four days after publication and one day after selling out the first printing, Scott wired for Zelda to come to New York and get married that weekend. Barely a week after publication, Zelda and Scott married in New York on April 3, 1920. [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=127–28]
The book went through 12 printings in 1920 and 1921, for a total of 49,075 copies. [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=133] The novel itself did not provide a huge income for Fitzgerald. Copies sold for $1.75 for which he earned 10 percent on the first 5,000 copies and 15 percent beyond that. In total, in 1920 he earned $6,200 from the book. Its success, however, helped the now-famous Fitzgerald earn much higher rates for his short stories.
The book is written in three parts:
"Book One: The Romantic Egotist"—the novel centers on Amory Blaine, a young Midwesterner who, convinced that he has an exceptionally promising future, attends boarding school and later
Princeton University. He leaves behind in the Midwest his eccentric mother Beatrice and a priest who was a close family friend Monsignor Darcy. At Princeton he falls in love with Isabelle Borgé, and despite his efforts to court her, he is rejected.
"Interlude"—Following their break-up, Amory is shipped overseas, to serve in the army in
World War I. Fitzgerald had been in the army himself, but the war ended while he was still stationed on Long Island. Amory's experiences in the war are not described.
"Book Two: The Education of a Personage"—After the war, Amory Blaine falls in love with a New York debutante named Rosalind Connage. Because he is poor, however, this relationship collapses as well; Rosalind decides to marry a wealthy man instead. A devastated Amory, is further crushed to learn that his mentor Monsignor Darcy has passed away. The book ends with Amory's iconic lament "I know myself, but that is all." ["This Side of Paradise", p. 285]
Most of the characters are drawn directly from Fitzgerald's own life [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=123–124] :
*Amory Blaine—the protagonist of the book, is clearly Fitzgerald. Both are from the Midwest, attended Princeton, had a failed romance with a debutante, served in the army, then had a failed romance with a second debutante (though after "This Side of Paradise"'s success, Scott won back Zelda).
*Beatrice Blaine—Blaine's mother was actually based on the mother of one of Fitzgeralds' friends, rather than his own.
*Isabelle Borgé—Amory Blaine's first love is based on Scott's first love, the Chicago debutante
*Monsignor Darcy—Blaine's spiritual mentor is based on a Monsignor Fay whom Fitzgerald was close to from
*Rosalind Connage—Amory Blaine's second love is based on Scott's second love,
Zelda Sayre. Unlike Zelda, Rosalind was from New York. Rosalind is also partially based on the character Beatrice Normandy in H.G. Wells' novel " Tono-Bungay".
Thomas Parke D'Invilliers—one of Blaine's close friends (also the fictitious author of the poem at the start of " The Great Gatsby") was based on Fitzgerald's friend and classmate, the poet John Peale Bishop.
"This Side of Paradise" blends different styles of writing: at times a fictional narrative, at times free verse, sometimes narrative drama, interspersed with letters and poems from Amory. In fact the novel's odd blend of styles was the result of Fitzgerald cobbling his earlier attempt at a novel "The Romantic Egotist" together with assorted short stories and poems that he had written, but never published. [West, James L. W. III, "The question of vocation in "This Side of Paradise" and "The Beautiful and Damned". In Harvnb|Prigozy|2002|p=48–56]
The book's critical success was driven in part by the enthusiasm of reviewers.
Burton Rascoeof the " Chicago Tribune" wrote that "it bears the impress, it seems to me, of genius. It is the only adequate study that we have had of the contemporary American in adolescence and young manhood." [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=116–17] H. L. Menckenwrote that "This Side of Paradise was "The best American novel that I have seen of late." [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=117]
One reader who was not entirely pleased, however, was
John Grier Hibben, the President of Princeton University: "I cannot bear to think that our young men are merely living four years in a country club and spending their lives wholly in a spirit of calculation and snobbishness." [Harvnb|Bruccoli|2002|p=125]
*Citation | last = Bruccoli | first = Matthew Joseph | authorlink = Matthew Bruccoli | title = Some Sort of Epic Grandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald | edition = 2nd rev. | year = 2002 | publisher = University of South Carolina Press | location = Columbia, SC| isbn = 1570034559
*Citation | last = Prigozy | first = Ruth (ed.) | title = The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald | year = 2002 | location = Cambridge | publisher = Cambridge University Press | isbn = 0521624479
*gutenberg|no=805|name=This Side of Paradise
* [http://www.archive.org/details/thissideofparadi00fitzuoft "This Side of Paradise" [http://www.archive.org/details/sideofparadise00fitzrich alternate] . New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1922. Scanned book from
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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