- Toilet training
Toilet training, or potty training, is the process of training a young child to use the
toiletfor urinationand defecation. In Western countries it is usually started and completed between the ages of 12 months and three years [Paul, Pamela. Parenting, Inc. Times (Henry Holt), 2008. ISBN 978-0-8050-8249-4. Page 244-245.] , with boys typically closer to the high end of this age range.Fact|date=October 2008
Cultural factors play a large part in what age is deemed appropriate, with the age being generally later in America [Paul, Pamela. Parenting, Inc. Times (Henry Holt), 2008. ISBN 978-0-8050-8249-4. Page 244-245.] [Honig, A: " [http://www.scholastic.com/earlylearner/experts/behavior/0_2_toiletstubborn.htm Toilet Training Stubbornness] ," Scholastic Parent and Child] .
Most advice is that toilet training is a mutual task, requiring cooperation agreement and understanding between child and the caregiver, and the best potty training techniques emphasize consistency and positive reinforcement over punishment - making it fun for the child. [http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/children/parents/toilet/179.printerview.html] [http://www.childwelfare.gov/preventing/supporting/resources/toilettraining.cfm] [http://www.bbc.co.uk/parenting/your_kids/toddlers_toilettraining.shtml]
Sigmund Freud, ["The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud", Vol. 11. ISBN 0-393-01128-3] many psychologists believe that toilet training is among the most formative events of the human psyche because this anal phase is the child's first introduction to the fact that social imperatives can take precedence over bodily desires," [http://www.amazon.com/dp/193259521X Poop Culture: How America is Shaped by its Grossest National Product] ", ISBN 1-932-59521-X] and a child can have problems later in life if the toilet training does not go well, or is too strict.
For example, as an adult a person could strive for perfection or excessive cleanliness because they were too harshly trained.
Like many of Freud's original concepts, this is given much less weight by modern psychologistsFact|date=October 2008.
Pants Pankuro", an education animated series in Japan used to educate on toilet training
* [http://www.med.umich.edu/1libr/yourchild/toilet.htm "Toilet Training"] , University of Michigan Health System
* [http://www.evelinakids.nhs.uk/families/az_child_health/t/toilet_training.html "Toilet Training"] , Great Ormond Street Hospital
Footnotes and citations
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Look at other dictionaries:
toilet-training — toilet .training n [U] when you teach a child to use a toilet >toilet train v [T] >toilet trained adj … Dictionary of contemporary English
toilet-training — ˈtoilet training ; noun uncountable Main entry: ↑toilet trainderived … Useful english dictionary
toilet training — n. the training of a young child to control defecation and urination … English World dictionary
toilet training — noun training a young child to use the toilet • Derivationally related forms: ↑toilet train • Hypernyms: ↑training, ↑preparation, ↑grooming * * * noun : the process of training a child to control bladder and bowel movements and to use … Useful english dictionary
toilet training — N UNCOUNT Toilet training is the process of teaching a child to use the toilet. Syn: potty training … English dictionary
toilet training — toilet train·ing .trān iŋ n the process of training a child to control bladder and bowel movements and to use the toilet toilet train .trān vt … Medical dictionary
toilet training — noun Date: 1940 the process of training a child to control bladder and bowel movements and to use the toilet • toilet train transitive verb … New Collegiate Dictionary
toilet-training — noun (U) the act of teaching a child to use a toilet toilet train verb (T) toilet trained adjective … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
toilet training — the training of a very young child to control and regulate bowel and bladder movements and use the toilet. [1920 25] * * * … Universalium
toilet training — noun The act of training a young child to use the toilet to relieve himself, by urination and/or defecation … Wiktionary