- Established church
An established church is a church officially sanctioned and supported by the government of a country, e.g. the
Church of Englandin the United Kingdom.
Church of England
The Church of England is the established church in England, of which the
monarchis constitutionally the supreme governor. Until 1920 it also held the same position in Walesand the Church of Irelandhad the same position in Irelandprior to 1869.
Revolution of 1688the Church of Scotlandhas been the established church in Scotland. After King William III and his wife Queen Mary II landed in England and replaced James II, a settlement was reached where Scotland would have a distinct church. From that point on the Church of Englandwas Episcopalian and the Church of Scotlandwas Presbyterian. Because of the National Covenants, which were important to the people of Scotland, the relationship between church and state is organized differently in that the church is independent of parliament rather than being subject to it.
A strong push was made by
liberalsand dissentersfor disestablishment in England in the late nineteenth century as well; although unsuccessful, the issue has never entirely gone away.
Church of Ireland
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Established church — Church Church (ch[^u]rch), n. [OE. chirche, chireche, cherche, Scot. kirk, from AS. circe, cyrice; akin to D. kerk, Icel. kirkja, Sw. kyrka, Dan. kirke, G. kirche, OHG. chirihha; all fr. Gr. kyriako n the Lord s house, fr. kyriako s concerning a… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
established church — n. 1. a church officially recognized by the government and supported as a national institution 2. [E C ] the Church of England … English World dictionary
established church — noun the church that is recognized as the official church of a nation • Hypernyms: ↑religion, ↑faith, ↑organized religion * * * noun : a church that is recognized by law as the official church of a nation, that is supported by civil authority,… … Useful english dictionary
established church — a church that is recognized by law, and sometimes financially supported, as the official church of a nation. Also called state church. Cf. national church. [1650 60] * * * a church recognized by law as the official church of a state or… … Universalium
established church — estab′lished church′ n. rel a church that is recognized by law, and sometimes financially supported, as the official church of a nation … From formal English to slang
established church — noun Date: circa 1702 a church recognized by law as the official church of a nation or state and supported by civil authority … New Collegiate Dictionary
established church — noun a church that is officially recognized as a national institution by a government; in England it is the Church of England … Wiktionary
Established Church — The Church designated the official Church of the nation … Who’s Who in Christianity
established church — /əˌstæblɪʃt ˈtʃɜtʃ/ (say uh.stablisht cherch), /ɛs / (say es ) noun a church recognised and sometimes partly supported by the state … Australian English dictionary
Established Church of Scotland — Established Church of Scotland † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Established Church of Scotland The religious organization which has for three centuries and a half claimed the adherence of the majority of the inhabitants of Scotland, may be… … Catholic encyclopedia