Sidney Howard


Sidney Howard

Infobox Person
name = Sidney Howard



image_size = 200px
caption = Sidney Howard, 1909
birth_date = June 26, 1891
birth_place = Oakland, California, USA
death_date = August 23, 1939 (aged 48)
death_place = Tyringham, Massachusetts, USA
occupation = Playwright, Screenwriter, Relative
spouse = Clare Eames (m. 1922, –8 November 1930) (her death) 1 child
Polly Damrosch (m. 1931 – his death) 3 children
children = Jennifer Howard
3 unknown children

Sidney Howard (June 26, 1891 – August 23, 1939) was an American playwright and screenwriter who became the first person to win both a Pulitzer Prize and an Academy Award. In the latter case, the award was posthumous; he was the first person whose posthumous nomination for an Academy Award was successful.

Biography

Early life

Howard was born Sidney Coe Howard in Oakland, California, the son of Helen Louise Coe and John Lawrence Howard. [ [http://web.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap8/howard.html PAL: Sidney Coe Howard (1891-1939) ] ] He graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in 1915 and went on to Harvard University to study the art of playwrighting under George Pierce Baker in his renowned "47 workshop." Along with other students of Harvard professor A. Piatt Andrew, Sidney Howard volunteered with Andrew's American Field Service, serving in France and the Balkans during World War I. After the War, Howard, competent at foreign languages, translated a number of literary works from French, Spanish, Hungarian and German.

Career

A particular admirer of the understated realism of French playwright Charles Vildrac, Howard adapted two of his plays into English, under the titles, "S. S. Tenacity" (1929) and "Michael Auclair" (1932). One of his greatest successes on Broadway was an adaptation of a French comedy by Rene Fauchois, "The Late Christopher Bean". In 1921, Howard had his first Broadway production, with a neo-romantic verse drama, "Swords", which failed to win approval from either audiences or critics. It was with his realistic romance, "They Knew What They Wanted" in 1924 that Howard found recognition. The story of a middle-aged Italian vineyard owner who woos a young woman by mail with a false snapshot of himself, married her, and then forgives her when she becomes pregnant by one of his farm hands, it was praised for its non-judgmental and unmelodramatic view of adultery, and its warm-hearted, tolerant view of all its characters. The play won the 1925 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, was thrice adapted into film (1928, 1930, and 1940) and later became the Broadway musical, "The Most Happy Fella". "Lucky Sam McCarver", a coolly observed, unsentimental account of the marriage of a New York speakeasy owner on his way up in the world with a self-destructive socialite on her way down, failed to attract audiences but won the admiration of some reviewers. "The Silver Cord", a drama about a mother who is pathologically close to her sons and works to undermine their romances, was one of the most successful plays of the 1926-27 Broadway season. "Yellow Jack" an historical drama about the war against yellow fever was praised for its high purpose and innovative staging when it premiered in 1934.

A prolific writer, and a founding member of the Playwrights' Company, he wrote or created more than seventy plays; he also directed and produced a number of works. In 1922 he married actress Clare Eames (1896-1930) who had played the female lead in "Swords." She went on to star in Howard's "Lucky Sam McCarver" (1925), and "Ned McCobb's Daughter" (1926) on Broadway, and "The Silver Cord" in London (1927). Clare Eames was the niece of opera singer Emma Eames on her father's side, and of the inventor Hiram Percy Maxim on her mother's side, and a granddaughter of former Maryland governor, William Thomas Hamilton. Howard and Eames had a daughter, Jennifer Howard. They separated in 1927, and Howard's anger and frustration at the disintegration of his marriage is reflected in his bitter satire of modern matrimony, "Half Gods" (1929). Following the unexpected death of Eames in 1930, Sidney Howard married Leopoldine (Polly) Damrosch, daughter of the conductor Walter Johannes Damrosch in 1931, with whom he had three children.

Hired by Samuel Goldwyn, Howard worked in Hollywood, writing a number of very successful screenplays. In 1932, Howard was nominated for an Academy Award for his adaptation of the Sinclair Lewis novel "Arrowsmith", and again in 1936 for "Dodsworth", which he had adapted for the stage in 1934. Posthumously, he won the 1939 Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay for "Gone with the Wind" (he was the only one honored, despite the fact that his script was revised by several other writers). This was the first time a posthumous nominee for any Oscar won the award. [ [http://oscars.about.com/od/historytrivia/a/academytrivia.htm Oscar trivia] ]

Death

A lover of the quiet rural life, Sidney Howard died in Tyringham, Massachusetts while working on his hobby farm. Howard was crushed to death by a tractor. He is buried in the Tyringham Cemetery.

Howard left behind a number of unproduced works. "Lute Song", an adaptation of an old Chinese play with Will Irwin premiered in 1946. A lighthearted reworking of the Faust legend, "Madam, Will You Walk?", closed out of town when produced by the Playwrights Company in 1939, but was more warmly received as the first production of the Phoenix Theatre in 1953.

Legacy

In 1950, Howard's daughter Jennifer Howard (1925-1993) married Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. with whom she had four children including business executive Francis Goldwyn, actor Tony Goldwyn and studio executive, John Goldwyn.

Further reading

Arthur Gewirtz. "Sidney Howard and Clare Eames: American Theater's Perfect Couple of the 1920s." Jefferson: McFarland Publishers, 2004. ISBN 0-7864-1751-X

References

External links

*ibdb name|id=8671|name=Sidney Howard
*imdb name|id=0397608|name=Sidney Howard
*findagrave|7254501


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