- Mizrachi (Religious Zionism)
The Mizrachi ( _he. המזרחי, "HaMizrahi", an acronym for Merkaz Ruhani lit. "Religious centre") is the name of the religious Zionist organization founded in 1902 in
Vilniusat a world conference of religious Zionists called by Rabbi Yitzchak Yaacov Reines. Bnei Akiva, which was founded in 1929, is the youth movement associated with Mizrachi. Both Mizrachi and the Bnai Akiva youth movement became international movements to be found wherever organized and free Jewish communities existed and function until the present.
Mizrachi believes that the
Torahshould be at the centre of Zionismand also sees Jewish nationalism as a tool for achieving religious objectives. The Mizrachi Party was the first official religious Zionist party and founded the Ministry of Religious Affairs in Israeland pushed for laws enforcing kashrutand the observance of the sabbath in the workplace. It also played a role prior to the creation of the state of Israel, building a network of religious schools that exist to this day, and took part in the 1951 elections.
Mizrachi in Israel
Major figures in the
Religious Zionist Movementinclude Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kookwho became the Ashkenazi Jews Chief Rabbiof the British Mandate of Palestinein 1924 and tried to reconcile Zionism with Orthodox Judaism.
Mizrachi had a separate
trade unionwing, founded in 1921, Hapoel HaMizrachi, which represented religious Jews in the Histadrutand tried to attract religious Labor Zionists. The trade union also operated as a political party by the same name in the early days of Israel's existence, becoming the fourth largest party in the 1951 elections.
In 1956, the Mizrachi party and Hapoel HaMizrachi merged to form the
National Religious Partyto advance the rights of religious Jews in Israel, having fought the 1955 election together as the National Religious Front. The party was an ever-present government coalition member until 1992.
Mizrachi in the United States
In the United States the ideals of and work of the Mizrachi meovement have been carried out through the official
Religious Zionists of America(RZA) movement that has been an imporatnt source of the ideology and guidance for Modern Orthodox Judaismand its rabbis and followers. Including the Bnei Akivayouth movement as well as having a great influence on the Modern Orthodox Jewish day schools and synagogues. The American movement has served as a fund-rasing and lobbying arm for its Israeli counterparts.
Many of the high echelon Jewish leaders and rabbis of
Yeshiva Universityare actively identify with and support Mizrachi in all its forms.
Religious Zionist Movement
* [http://www.mizrachi.org.uk/ Mizrachi UK]
* [http://www.mizrachi.org/ World Mizrachi Movement]
* [http://www.misrachi.at/ Mizrachi Vienna- Austria]
* [http://www.biu.ac.il/Spokesman/Tolerance/michman.htm A Historical Look at Religious Zionism] by Prof.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mizrachi (religious Zionism) — This article deals with the organisation of the Religious Zionist Movement. For other uses, see Mizrachi (disambiguation). The Mizrachi (Hebrew: המזרחי, HaMizrahi, an acronym for Merkaz Ruhani lit. Religious centre) is the name of the religious… … Wikipedia
Religious Zionism — Religious Zionist pioneers found Kibbutz Ein HaNatziv, 1946 Religious Zionism (Hebrew: ציונות דתית, Tziyonut Datit, or דתי … Wikipedia
Mizrachi — or Mizrahi (Hebrew: מזרחי, lit. Eastern) may refer to: Mizrahi Jews, Jews from the Eastern world Mizrachi (religious Zionism), a religious Zionist movement Mizrachi (political party) and Hapoel HaMizrachi, defunct Israeli political parties… … Wikipedia
Religious Zionists of America — The Religious Zionists of America (Hebrew official name: Mizrachi Hapoel Hamizrachi, also referred to in general terms as Mizrahi) is an American based organization that serves as the official body for those, mostly Modern Orthodox Jews who… … Wikipedia
MIZRACHI — (term coined from some of the letters of the Hebrew words merkaz ruḥani, spiritual center), religious Zionist movement whose aim was expressed in its motto: The Land of Israel for the people of Israel according to the Torah of Israel (coined by… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mizrachi (political party) — Mizrachi המזרחי Leader Yitzchak Yaacov Reines Yehuda Leib Maimon David Zvi Pinkas Mordechai Nurock Founded 1902 Dissolved 1956 … Wikipedia
ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mizrachi — A religious Zionist political party that came into being in 1902, although its central concept can be identified as early as the 1880s. The founders of the movement did not see an inherent contradiction between traditional Judaism and Zionism … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Mizrachi — /miz rah khee/, n. 1. a Zionist movement, founded in 1902, chiefly devoted to furthering the integration of Zionism and religious orthodoxy. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Mizrachi. Also, Mizrahi. [1910 15; < Heb mizrahi, an acronym from m(erka)z… … Universalium