- Marshal (Japan)
nihongo| Marshal |元帥| gensui (also frequently translated as
Field marshal) was the highest title in the prewar Imperial Japanese Military.
The term "gensui", which was used for both the
Imperial Japanese Armyand the Imperial Japanese Navy, was at first a rank held by Saigō Takamorias the Commander of the Armies in 1872. However in May 1873 Saigō was 'demoted' to General, with "gensui" thereafter no longer a rank as such, but a largely honorific title awarded for extremely meritorious service to the Emperor - thus similar in concept to the French title of Marshal of France.
While "gensui" would retain their actual ranks of general or admiral, they were entitled to wear an additional enamelled breast badge, depicting
paulownialeaves between crossed army colour and naval ensignunder the Imperial Seal of Japan. They were also entitled to wear a special samurai swordof an modern design on ceremonial occasions.
Meiji period, the title was awarded to 5 generals and 3 admirals. In the Taishō periodit was awarded to 6 generals and 6 admirals, and in the Shōwa periodit was awarded to 6 generals and 4 admirals. The higher title of "Dai Gensui" was comparable to the title of Generalissimo.
Note that several were promoted the same year they died - these were posthumous promotions.
Imperial Japanese Army
List of Field Marshals
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marshal — This article is about a title. For other meanings, see Marshal (disambiguation). For the rank of Field Marshal, see Field Marshal. Marshal (also spelled marshall, more commonly in British English than American English), is a word used in… … Wikipedia
Empire of Japan — This article is about the former absolute constitutional monarchy. For the current limited constitutional monarchy, see Japan. Greater Japanese Empire 大日本帝國 Dai Nippo … Wikipedia
Field marshal — For other uses, see Field marshal (disambiguation). Common anglophone military ranks Navies Armies Air forces Officers Admiral of the fleet Marshal / … Wikipedia
Grand Marshal — is a ceremonial, military, or political office of very high rank. The term has its origins with the word Marshal with the first usage of the term Grand Marshal as a ceremonial title for certain religious orders. The following are some additional… … Wikipedia
Field Marshal — For other meanings see Field Marshal (disambiguation)Field marshal is a military officer rank. Today it is the highest rank in the armies in which it is used, one step above a general or colonel general. Historically, however, several armies used … Wikipedia
Field Marshal (Australia) — See Field Marshal for other countries which use this rank Field Marshal is the highest rank of the Australian Army and was created as a direct equivalent of the British military rank of field marshal. Equivalent ranks in the other services are… … Wikipedia
Field Marshal (Philippines) — Please see Field Marshal for other nations which use this rank Field marshal of the Philippines was a rank created in 1937 to be held by Douglas MacArthur. MacArthur was accorded the rank as military advisor to the Philippine government, which… … Wikipedia
French military mission to Japan (1872–1880) — The 1872 1880 French Military Mission to Japan was the second French military mission to that country. It followed the first French Military Mission to Japan (1867 1868), which had ended with the Boshin War and the establishment of the rule of… … Wikipedia
Imperial Japanese Army — For Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces (1954– ), please see that article. For Ministry of the Military (Ritsuryō) (701–1871), please see that article. Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) 大日本帝國陸軍 Dai Nippon Teikoku Rikugun … Wikipedia
Imperial Japanese Navy — (IJN) 大日本帝國海軍 (Dai Nippon Teikoku Kaigun) … Wikipedia