- Paul Blackburn (U.S. poet)
name = Paul Blackbrun
birthdate = birth date|1926|11|24
birthplace = St. Albans, Vermont
deathdate = death date and age|1971|09|13|1926|11|24
deathplace = Cortland, New York
occupation = Poet
nationality = American
Paul Blackburn (
24 November 1926- 13 September 1971) was an American poet. He influenced contemporary literature through his poetry, translations and the encouragement and support he offered to fellow poets.Fact|date=February 2008
Blackburn was born in
St. Albans, Vermont. His parents, William Gordon Blackburn and Frances Frost (also a poet, novelist and author of children's books) separated when Blackburn was three and a half. Thereafter, he was cared for primarily by his maternal grandparents on their farm in St. Albans until he was fourteen, when his mother took him to New York Cityto live with her in Greenwich Village. He began writing poetry in his late teens under her encouragement.
Shortly after enrolling in
New York Universityin 1945, Blackburn joined the army hoping to be sent overseas. However, the war ended soon after, and he spent the rest of his service as a laboratory technician in Colorado. In 1947 he returned to NYU; he transferred in 1949 to the University of Wisconsin-Madison, graduating in 1950.
It was during these college years that Blackburn first became influenced by
Ezra Pound, and began corresponding with him while at the University of Wisconsin. He hitchhiked to Washington, D.C.several times to visit him at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital. Through Pound, he came into contact with Robert Creeley, which led to links with Cid Corman, Denise Levertov, Charles Olson, Joel Oppenheimerand Jonathan Williams. Through Creeley came an ancillary involvement with the first two issues of Creeley’s magazine, "Black Mountain Review," which resulted in the occasional inclusion of Blackburn in the Black Mountain school of poets. The introduction to the "Collected Poems" states, "Blackburn always opposed the division of poets into schools and did not like the role of Black Mountain poet into which he was cast by Donald Allen’s anthology "The New American Poetry" (1960). He embraced all types of poetry, citing the value of 'all work, if you work 'em right.'" (E. Jarolim in The Collected Poems Of Paul Blackburn, 1985)
It was also Pound who pointed Blackburn in the direction of
Provençalpoetry, and he studied the languages of Provence while at the University of Wisconsin. His work on Provençal translations intensified following the 1953 publication of a slim selection of the poems, and the awarding the following year of a Fulbright Fellowshipto study Provençal language and literature in France. He continued translating Provençal poetry for the rest of his life. It wasn’t until after his death that the work was fully published.
Blackburn was also well-known for his translations from Spanish of the medieval epic Poema del Mio Cid, of poetry by
Federico García Lorca, Octavio Paz, and Pablo Picasso, and of the short stories of Julio Cortázar. He was for a time Cortázar's literary agent in the Unites States.
Blackburn played an important part in the poetry community, particularly in New York, where he helped fledgling poets develop and provided emotional support and opportunities to read for both unknown and established writers in the various reading series with which he was involved. He organized readings that offered work from the Beats, the
New York School, the Deep Image Poets, and the Black Mountain Poets. Clayton Eshlemanhas written, "Many, not just a few, but many poets alive today are beholden to him for a basic artistic kindness, for readings, yes, and for advice, but more humanly for a kind of comradeship that very few poets are willing to give." The readings he organized were the direct progenitors to the Poetry Project at St. Mark’s Church on the Bowery.
Until the mid-1960s Blackburn supported himself through various print-shop, editorial and translating jobs, including a short stint as poetry editor of "The Nation." Some of his early jobs included working in-house on encyclopedias and writing free-lance reviews. By the mid-60s he began receiving offers of teaching positions, and in 1965, 1966 and 1967 he directed workshops at the Aspen Writers' Conference. He was Poet-In-Residence at
City College of New Yorkin 1966-67. A Guggenheim Fellowshipin 1967 enabled him to return to Europe to work on his translations and poetry. Upon returning to the U.S. he supported himself through reading tours and teaching at the State University of New Yorkat Cortland.
Blackburn was married three times: to Winifred Grey McCarthy from 1954 to 1958; Sara Golden from 1963 to 1967; and Joan Diane Miller in 1968, with whom he had a son, Carlos T., in 1969.
Paul Blackburn died of
esophageal cancerin Cortland, New York, September 1971.
Though Blackburn never set out to fully articulate his poetics, a good summation is the 1954 piece [http://jacketmagazine.com/12/blac-stat.html Statement] . In his lifetime Blackburn published thirteen books of original
poetry, as well as five major works of translation. Twelve other books were published posthumously.
* "The Dissolving Fabric" (1955),
* "Brooklyn Manhattan Transit: A Bouquet for Flatbush" (1960),
* "The Nets" (1961),
* "16 Sloppy Haiku and a Lyric for Robert Reardon" (1966),
* "Sing Song" (1966),
* "The Reardon Poems" (1967),
* "The Cities" (1967),
* "In. On. Or About The Premises" (1968),
* "Two New Poems (1969),
* "The Assassination of President McKinley" (1970),
* "Three Dreams and an Old Poem" (1970),
* "Gin: Four Journal Pieces" (1970),
* "The Journals: Blue Mounds Entries" (1971),
* "Proensa (1953)
* "Poem of the
Cid" (1966, reprinted 1999)
* "End of the Game and Other Stories" by
* "Hunk of Skin" by Pablo Picasso (1968)
* "Cronopios and Famas" by
Works published posthumously
* "Early Selected Y Mas: Poems 1949-1966" (1972)
* "Peire Vidal" (1972)
* "Halfway Down the Coast" (1975)
* "The Journals" (1977)
* "By Ear" (1978)
* "Proensa: An Anthology of Troubadour Poetry" (1978)
* "Lorca/Blackburn: Poems of Federico Garcia Lorca Chosen by Paul Blackburn" (1979)
* "Against the Silences" (1980)
* "The Selection of Heaven" (1980)
* "The Collected Poems of Paul Blackburn" (1985)
* "The Parallel Voyages" (1987)
* "The Selected Poems" (1989)
* [http://epc.buffalo.edu/authors/blackburn/ Paul Blackburn at the Electronic Poetry Center]
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