Terpander (Greek Τέρπανδρος), of Antissa in Lesbos, was a Greek poet and citharode who lived about the first half of the 7th century BC.

About the time of the Second Messenian War, he settled in Sparta, whither, according to some accounts, he had been summoned by command of the Delphic Oracle, to compose the differences which had arisen between different classes in the state. Here he gained the prize in the musical contests at the festival of Carnea (676-2 BC; Athenaeus, 635 a.).

He is regarded as the real founder of Greek classical music, and of lyric poetry; but as to his innovations in music our information is imperfect. According to Strabo (xiii. p. 618) he increased the number of strings in the lyre from four to seven; others take the fragment of Terpander on which Strabo bases his statement to mean that he developed the citharoedic nomos (sung to the accompaniment of the cithara or lyre) by making the divisions of the ode seven instead of four. The seven-stringed lyre was probably already in existence. Terpander is also said to have introduced several new rhythms in addition to the dactylic, and to have been famous as a composer of drinking-songs.

No poems attributed to Terpander survive complete, and very few lines of his are quoted by later Greek writers; it must be regarded as doubtful whether he worked in writing.

Terpander is rumored to have died choking on a fig when the fruit was thrown in appreciation of one of his performances



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  • TERPANDER — Arnaeus, sive Lesbius, poeta Lyricus, primus in lyra Heptachordum et lyrici carminis canonem scripsit; quamquam id Philemoni quidam adscribunt, Suid. Huius famae ac nominis maximi iudicium patet, quod Lacedaemonii seditione quâdam admoniti… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Terpander — (Terpandros), griech. Lyriker und Musiker aus der ersten Hälfte des 7. Jahrh. v. Chr., aus Antissa auf Lesbos, führte die siebensaitige Kithara ein, dichtete in Sparta; Bruchstücke in Bergks »Poetae lyrici graeci« (Bd. 3, 4. Aufl. 1882) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Terpander — Terpander, griech. Lyriker aus Antissa auf Lesbos im 7. Jahrh. v. Chr., Erfinder des Barbitons und der siebensaitigen Leier, fand besonders in Sparta den Schauplatz seines Ruhmes. Die ihm zugeschriebenen wenigen Verse finden sich u.a. in… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Terpander — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Terpandros (griechisch Τέρπανδρος Térpandros, eingedeutscht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Terpander — ▪ Greek musician flourished c. 647 BC, , Lesbos, Asia Minor [Greece]       Greek poet and musician of the Aegean island of Lesbos.       Terpander was proverbially famous as a singer to the accompaniment of the kithara, a seven stringed… …   Universalium

  • Terpander — noun An Ancient Greek name, particularly borne by a Greek poet and citharede of Antissa in Lesbos who lived about the first half of the 7th century BC …   Wiktionary

  • ТЕРПАНДР —    • Terpander,          Τέρπανδρος, музыкант и поэт, родом из Антиссы на Лесбосе; но главным местом его деятельности была Спарта, куда он был позван по приказанию Дельфийского оракула для улаживания внутренних раздоров и где одержал победу в… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Terpandros — (griechisch Τέρπανδρος Térpandros, eingedeutscht Terpander) war ein antiker griechischer Musiker und Lyriker. Er lebte anscheinend im späten 8. und frühen 7. Jahrhundert v. Chr., vielleicht aber erst um die Mitte des 7. Jahrhunderts. Leben Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Olympus (musician) — For other uses, see Olympus. Olympus (or Olympos, Greek: Ὄλυμπος) is the name of to two ancient Greek musicians, one mythical who lived before the Trojan war, and one apparently real, who lived in the 7th century BC. Both musicians were connected …   Wikipedia

  • CARNIA — I. CARNIA urbs Ioniae, Steph. II. CARNIA vel CARNEA, festa Apollinis, apud Spartanos, in quibus Terpander primus vicit. Graece Κάρνεια, sic dicta a Carno vate, qui, Heraclidis in Aetolia expeditionem parantibus, contra Athenienses, Rege Codrô tum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale