- Episcopal Diocese of Newark
The Episcopal Diocese of Newark is a
dioceseof the Episcopal Church in the United States of Americacomprising the northern third of New Jerseyin the United States. The Diocese represents the Anglican Communion, of which the Episcopal Church is a province, and presides over Episcopal parishes, missions, outreach ministries and schools in the New Jersey counties of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, Passaic, Sussex, Warren, and one church in Union County.
In 2006, the diocese had 27,600 members, spread among 113 congregations.New York Time, 2006. "For New Jersey diocese, picking bishop means facing rift" by Tina Kelley / New York Times, August 6, 2006. Retrieved from [http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060806/LIFESTYLE04/608060318/1041/LIFESTYLE04 The Detroit News] on August 30, 2006.]
Anglicans have been worshipping in the area since 1695. An Anglican congregation was established in Newark by 1729 and a church, Trinity Church, was under construction in 1742. Two other current parishes, [http://www.christchurchbelleville.org Christ Church] in what is now Belleville (1746) and Christ Church in Newton (1774), were established by charter of the British Crown. The church, with its association with England, suffered during the
Revolutionary War, but by the time the first bishop of New Jersey was elected in 1815, there were 27 congregations. By 1832, there were 85 congregations statewide.
The Diocese of Northern New Jersey was separated from the larger Diocese of New Jersey in 1874. The boundary between the two dioceses is the
Morris & Essex Linesof the old Lackawanna Railroad, now part of New Jersey Transit. The new diocese had 64 congregations and established Christ Hospital in Jersey City. The diocese took its present name in 1886, and by 1903 there were over 100 congregations. Despite the Great Depressionthat number rose to 153 by 1931.
In June 1967, the region was rocked by the
Newark Riotswhich began the diocese's growing role as a catalyst for social change. The first-ever national conference for black empowerment took place at Trinity Cathedral, and in 1969 Rev. Canon Dillard Robinsonbecame the first African-American dean of any Episcopal cathedral. Bishop Leland Starkwas also vocal in the peace movement during the Vietnam Warand in favor of women's ordination to the priesthood. His successor, George Edward Rath, would during his tenure advocate adoption of the 1979 " Book of Common Prayer" and two of the Philadelphia Eleven(the first female priests ordained in the USA) eventually became priests of the Diocese.
The next bishop,
John Shelby Spong, was and is a lightning-rod for controversy. In addition to his positions on war and the ordination of women, Spong advocated for the ordination of gay and lesbian clergy, a stance which drew much criticism and continues to be a subject for much contention in the church. Since his retirement, Spong has enjoyed considerable success as a writer and public speaker. Under Spong's watch, the Oasis Commission, the first diocesan ministry to LGBTpersons, was formed. Spong's many books have challenged Christian orthodoxy, including the Virgin Birthand the physical Resurrectionof Jesus.
Under the ninth bishop,
John P. Croneberger, the diocese continued to be in the vanguard of radical inclusion. Croneberger directed the creation of an established liturgy for the blessing of same-sex relationships, oversaw the massive diocesan response to the September 11thattacks, and brought the ownership of Christ Hospital back under diocesan control.
Croneberger also established a Canon for Congregational Development, which is helping churches with the challenging task of planning for the future. In the past 30 or so years the diocese has struggled to keep up with the growing population in the region. 23 congregations have closed (compared with a 2% increase nationwide) due to dropping attendance. A major obstacle is the concentration of churches, many of which are over 100 years old, in traditional population centers that do not reflect the growth patterns in the state. Numerous churches are within five miles of 15 other congregations. Another diocesan commission, the Bethsaida Team, helps churches overcome obstacles for people with disabilities.
September 23, 2006, the Rev. Mark Beckwith, a former associate rector of St. Peter's Episcopal Church in Morristown, New Jersey, was elected bishop of Newark on the third ballot from a field of six candidates. [http://www.dioceseofnewark.org/VOICE_2006_Fall.pdf Voice] , diocesan newspaper, Fall 2006. "Congratulations to the Rev. Mark Beckwith". ] He was consecrated on January 27, 2007at the New Jersey Performing Arts Centerin Newark.
The election brought some controversy because one candidate, Michael Barlowe, was openly gay. The New York Times reported that the announcement of the candidate list coincided with two calls for restraint on the issue. The first plea was from the national church's 75th General Convention. The second was a proposal from Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr.
Rowan Williamsthat could exclude provinces with gay bishopsfrom full membership of the Anglican Communion.
Bishops of the Episcopal Diocese of Newark
John Croes, 1815-1832 (Bishop of New Jersey)
George Washington Doane, 1832-1859 (Bishop of New Jersey)
William Henry Odenheimer, 1859-1880 (1st Bishop of Northern New Jersey)
Thomas A. Starkey, 1880-1903 (2nd Bishop of Northern New Jersey; named changed to Newark)
Edwin Stevens Lines, 1903-1927 Wilson Reiff Stearly, Suffragan Bishop, 1915; Coadjutor Bishop, 1917
Wilson Reiff Stearly, 1927-1935 Benjamin Martin Washburn, Coadjustor Bishop, 1932
Benjamin Martin Washburn, 1935-1958 Theodore R. Ludlow, Suffragan Bishop, 1936-1953 Leland Stark, Coadjutor Bishop, 1953
Leland Stark, 1958-1974 Donald MacAdie, Suffragan Bishop, 1958-1963 George Edward Rath, Suffragan Bishop, 1964; Coadjutor Bishop, 1970
George Edward Rath, 1974-1979 John Shelby Spong, Coadjutor Bishop, 1976
John Shelby Spong, 1979-2000 Walter C. Righter, Assistant Jack Marston McKelvey, Suffragan Bishop, 1991-1999 John Palmer Croneberger, Coadjutor Bishop, 1998-2000
John Palmer Croneberger, 2000-2007
Carol Gallagher, Assistant
Mark Beckwith, 2007-
* [http://www.dioceseofnewark.org Diocese of Newark]
* [http://bishopsearch.dioceseofnewark.org/profile/htm/04history.htm History of the Diocese of Newark]
* [http://bishopsearch.dioceseofnewark.org/ Election of the 10th Bishop of Newark] — with candidate biographies
* [http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~lcrew/dionwk.html Louie Crew's Page on the Diocese of Newark]
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