image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Rhamnus cathartica"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
subclassis = Rosidae
ordo = Rhamnales
ordo_authority = Lindl. (1836)
subdivision_ranks = Familia
subdivision =
synonyms =
The Rhamnales are an order of dicotyledon plants. In the Cronquist system, the following families were placed here:

* Family Elaeagnaceae – (Oleaster family)
* Family Leeaceae
* Family Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family)
* Family Vitaceae (grape family)

"Leea" may be included within the Vitaceae. The Rhamnaceae are no longer considered close relatives of these other forms, and newer systems move them to the Rosales. The order then becomes the Vitales.


*cite book
last = Lindley
first = John
authorlink = John Lindley
title = A Systematic View of the Organisation, Natural Affinities, and Geographical Distribution,of the Whole Vegetable Kingdom; Together With the Uses of the Most Important Species in Medicine,the Arts, and Rural or Domestic Economy
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=IicEAAAAQAAJ
accessdate = 2008-06-11
year = 1836
publisher = Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman
chapter = Alliance III Rhamnales
chapterurl = http://books.google.com/books?id=IicEAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA107&lpg=PA107

*cite web
url = http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=Rhamnales
title = Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Order Rhamnales
accessdate = 2008-06-11
author = Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
authorlink = Natural Resources Conservation Service
format = HTML
work = The PLANTS Database
publisher = United States Department of Agriculture

*ITIS|ID=28444|taxon=Rhamnales|year=2008|date=11 June

External links

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