- Treaty of Accession 2003
The Treaty of Accession 2003 was the agreement between the
European Unionand ten countries ( Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia), concerning these countries accessioninto the EU. At the same time it changed a number of points which were originally laid down in the Treaty of Nice.
The treaty was signed on
16 April 2003in Athens, Greeceand it entered into force on 1 May 2004, the day of the enlargement of the European Union.
The European Union comprises a large number of overlapping legal structures which is a result of it being defined by successive international treaties. The Treaty of Accession 2003 modifies:
Treaty of Rome(establishing the European Economic Community),
Treaty of Rome(establishing the European Atomic Energy Community)
Maastricht Treaty(establishing the European Union)as well as other acts which together form the current legal framework ( acquis) of the EU.
Changes include the way that the
Qualified Majority Votingis handled in the Council of the European Union.
The Treaty's full name in English is: "Treaty between the Kingdom of
Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Portuguese Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdomof Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Member States of the European Union) and the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, concerning the accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic to the European Union".
European Union Law
Enlargement of the European Union
* [http://europa.eu.int/comm/enlargement/negotiations_eu10_bg_ro/treaty_of_accession_2003/ Treaty of accession 2003]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20031012001806/http://www.orgalime.org/positions/enlargement.htm Summary by Orgalime including voting weights under the Treaty of Accession]
* [http://www.eu2003.gr/en/cat/39/ Official web site of the Greek presidence about the signing] with press releases, speeches, a presentation and a video.
* [http://www.ena.lu?lang=2&doc=17193 Treaty concerning the accession of 10 new countries to the European Union] European NAvigator
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