- Minerve, Hérault
Administration Country France Region Languedoc-Roussillon Department Hérault Arrondissement Béziers Canton Olonzac Intercommunality Minervois Mayor Michel Jan
Statistics Elevation 137–604 m (449–1,982 ft)
(avg. 227 m/745 ft)
Land area1 27.89 km2 (10.77 sq mi) Population2 111 (1999) - Density 4 /km2 (10 /sq mi) INSEE/Postal code 34158/ 34210 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
In 1210 a group of Cathars sought refuge in the village after the massacre of Béziers during the Albigensian Crusade. The village was besieged by Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester. The attacking army besieged the village for six weeks before it capitulated. They set up four catapults around the fortification: three to attack the village, and the largest, Malevoisine, to attack the town's water supply. Eventually the commander of the 200-strong garrison, Viscount Guilhem of Minerve, gave in and negotiated a surrender which saved the villagers and himself after the destruction of the town's main well. However, 140 Cathars refused to give up their faith and were burned to death at the stake on 22 July.
The village is situated on top of the gorge of the River Cesse in a naturally strong defensive position. Near the village the river disappears underground in a large, naturally-carved tunnel.
Minerve has been selected as one of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("The Most Beautiful Villages Of France"). Historically, the village has been the capital of the Minervois wine region. The main bridge leading into the village is closed to all passenger vehicles not owned by residents of Minerve. Of all of the original fortifications, only a slender octagonal tower, known locally as the Candela, survives.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Minerve (Herault) — Minerve (Hérault) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Minerve. Minerve … Wikipédia en Français
Minerve (Hérault) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Minerve. 43° 21′ 17″ N 2° 44′ 50″ E … Wikipédia en Français
Minerve — Menèrba Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Minerve — Minerve … Deutsch Wikipedia
Minerve — is the French spelling of the name of the Roman goddess Minerva. The name may also refer to: Minerve, Hérault, a village in France French ship Minerve, fifteen ships of the French navy HMS Minerve, three ships of the Royal Navy La Minerve, a… … Wikipedia
Minerve (S647) — For the town in France, see Minerve, Hérault. Minerve was a French submarine, one of nine of the Daphné class. The relatively small submarine was an experimental missile carrying submarine with a diesel engine. She had a maximum speed of 16 knots … Wikipedia
Hérault (Departement) — Hérault (34) Region … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hérault (Département) — Hérault (34) Region … Deutsch Wikipedia
Minerve — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Minerve est un nom propre ou commun qui peut renvoyer à : Sommaire 1 Mythologie 2 Nom commun … Wikipédia en Français
Armorial Des Communes De L'Hérault — Cette page donne les armoiries (figures et blasonnements) des communes de l Hérault. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français