Minerve, Hérault


Minerve, Hérault

Minerve

Pont Minerve 34.JPG
Minerve is located in France
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Minerve
Administration
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Hérault
Arrondissement Béziers
Canton Olonzac
Intercommunality Minervois
Mayor Michel Jan
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 137–604 m (449–1,982 ft)
(avg. 227 m/745 ft)
Land area1 27.89 km2 (10.77 sq mi)
Population2 111  (1999)
 - Density 4 /km2 (10 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 34158/ 34210
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 43°21′17″N 2°44′50″E / 43.35472°N 2.7472°E / 43.35472; 2.7472

Minerve

Minerve (Occitan: Menèrba) is a commune in the Hérault department in Languedoc-Roussillon in southern France.

Contents

History

In 1210 a group of Cathars sought refuge in the village after the massacre of Béziers during the Albigensian Crusade. The village was besieged by Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester. The attacking army besieged the village for six weeks before it capitulated. They set up four catapults around the fortification: three to attack the village, and the largest, Malevoisine, to attack the town's water supply. Eventually the commander of the 200-strong garrison, Viscount Guilhem of Minerve, gave in and negotiated a surrender which saved the villagers and himself after the destruction of the town's main well. However, 140 Cathars refused to give up their faith and were burned to death at the stake on 22 July.

Geography

The village is situated on top of the gorge of the River Cesse in a naturally strong defensive position. Near the village the river disappears underground in a large, naturally-carved tunnel.

Miscellaneous

Minerve has been selected as one of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("The Most Beautiful Villages Of France"). Historically, the village has been the capital of the Minervois wine region. The main bridge leading into the village is closed to all passenger vehicles not owned by residents of Minerve. Of all of the original fortifications, only a slender octagonal tower, known locally as the Candela, survives.

See also

References

External links



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