- Battle of Athos
The naval Battle of Mount Athos (also known as the Battle of Monte Sancto and the Battle of Lemnos) took place from 19-
29 June, 1807and was a key naval battleof the Russo-Turkish War (1806-12, part of the Napoleonic Wars). It was fought a month after the Russians under Dmitry Senyavinhad defeated the Turks in the naval Battle of the Dardanelles. The victory ensured Russia's supremacy in the Archipelagofor the rest of the war.
The battle was triggered by Senyavin's retreat from the
Dardanelles, which he had been blockading since March, towards the Russian naval base at Tenedos. The Turkish commander, Kapudan Pasha Seyit-Ali, ventured with 9 battleships, 5 frigates and 5 other vessels out of the strait into the Aegean Sea. Thereupon Senyavin returned to cut off his retreat and fell upon the Ottoman fleet halfway between Mount Athosand Lemnos.
From his previous experience, Senyavin had learned that the Ottomans fought bravely unless their flagship was sunk or taken captive. He therefore ordered
Aleksey Greigand other captains of his battleships to concentrate their attack on the three Turkish flagships, whilst other Russian vessels were to prevent Turkish frigates from delivering help.
The Russians approached in two parallel lines of five battleships each, turning north to run alongside the Turkish line. During the battle 3 Ottoman battleships and four frigates - around one third of the Sultan's fleet - were either sunk or forced aground. The rest retired to the safety of the Dardanelles. On the way they scuttled another battleship and a frigate near
Thasoson 4 Julyand lost a frigate and a sloop near Samothraceon about July 5.
As a result of the battle, the Ottoman Empire lost a combat-capable fleet for more than a decade and signed an armistice with Russia on
Athos order of battle
*"Naval wars in the Levant 1559-1853" (1952) - R. C. Anderson. ISBN 1-57898-538-2
* [http://www.neva.ru/EXPO96/book/chap6-3.html Description of the battle]
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