- Distribution of Industry Act 1945
The Distribution of Industry Act 1945 (8 & 9 Geo. VI c. 36) was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom intended to help redevelop areas, such as south-western Scotland, which depended heavily on specific heavy industries, and which had been hard-hit by unemployment in the inter-war period.
The Act gave the government two main powers, namely:
- To schedule "development areas" where the Government was able to build factories for rental to private enterprise, and to manage industrial estates itself
- To require that the site for any factory above a certain size should be decided on by discussion between the firm proposing to build it and the Board of Trade.
This plan, mostly prepared by Hugh Dalton, the President of the Board of Trade, was contentious; it was felt by many to be encouraging a planned economy. John Sydney Wardlaw-Milne, a Conservative MP, described it in debate as "the very antithesis of private enterprise ... bureaucracy and Socialism carried to the last limit".
From June 1945 to January 1950, some 481 government-built and 505 private-built installations (factories, factory extensions, etc.) were built in development areas under the Act, creating an estimated 200,000 jobs (40% of which were taken by women); unemployment in depressed areas fell from 550,000 before the War (July 1938) to under 100,000 in July 1950. A further 279 installations were under construction, with 356 approved but not yet under way; these were predominantly private projects.
In Scotland, projects in the main Scottish Development Area in the central belt created 60,000 jobs by the beginning of 1950, with 15,000 elsewhere in the country; this was expected to rise to 120,000 once planned projects had been completed. Unemployment in the region stood at 41,000 (3½%), compared to 115,000 (12%) before the War. Outside the main development area, major projects included a new industrial estate in Dundee, diversifying local industry away from a dependence on jute, and the Inverness area becoming a scheduled area in 1948, to develop industry in tandem with a new hydro-electric power scheme.
In Wales, most of the industrial areas in South Wales were scheduled as a development area, along with the Wrexham region in the north. 264 installations had been built by May 1950, with 81 under construction and 104 approved; more than half of the factories completed had been Government-funded. Twenty-six of the factories built or planned were intended to provide special employment for those disabled through mining work.
- Facts and Figures for Socialists, 1951. Labour Party Research Department, London, 1950
United Kingdom legislation Pre-Parliamentary legislation Acts of Parliament by states preceding
the Kingdom of Great Britain
Acts of the Parliament of England to 1483 · 1485–1601 · 1603–1641 · Interregnum (1642–1660) · 1660–1699 · 1700–1706
Acts of the Parliament of Scotland
Acts of the Parliament of Ireland to 1700 · 1701–1800
Acts of Parliament of the
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1719 · 1720–1739 · 1740–1759 · 1760–1779 · 1780–1800
Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland and the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Church of England Measures Legislation of devolved institutions Secondary legislation
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
aerospace industry — Introduction assemblage of manufacturing concerns that deal with vehicular flight within and beyond the Earth s atmosphere. (The term aerospace is derived from the words aeronautics and spaceflight.) The aerospace industry is engaged in the … Universalium
Crown Assets Distribution — Service Line Industry Disposal of surplus assets on behalf of federal organizations. Predecessor Crown Assets Disposal Corporation Founder(s) Government of Canada … Wikipedia
National Minimum Wage Act 1998 — Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title ... Statute book chapter 1998 … Wikipedia
Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… … Universalium
History of the United States (1918–1945) — The history of the United States from 1918 through 1945 covers the post World War I era, the Great Depression, and World War II. After World War I, the United States signed separate peace treaties with Germany and her allies. The U.S. sponsored a … Wikipedia
History of the European Communities (1945-1957) — The history of the European Communities between 1945 and 1957 saw the first moves towards European unity as the first bodies began to be established in the aftermath of the Second World War. In 1951 the first community, the European Coal and… … Wikipedia
History of Germany (1945–1990) — History of Germany This article is part of a series … Wikipedia
pharmaceutical industry — Producers of pharmaceuticals, substances used in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease and the modification of organic functions. The earliest records of medicinal plants and minerals are those of the ancient Chinese, Hindu, and… … Universalium
History of the United Kingdom (1945–present) — This article details the history of the United Kingdom from the end of World War II to the year 2000. For a longer history, see History of the United Kingdom.Labour Government (1945 51)After World War II, the landslide 1945 Election returned… … Wikipedia
Cinematograph Films Act 1927 — The Cinematograph Films Act of 1927 (17 18 Geo. V) was an act of the United Kingdom Parliament designed to stimulate the declining British film industry. Contents 1 Description 2 Results 3 References 4 … Wikipedia