- Autumn Harvest Uprising
The Autumn Harvest Uprising (zh-stp |s=秋收起义 |t=秋收起義 |p=Qīushōu Qǐyì) was an
insurrectionthat took place in Hunanprovince and Jiangxiprovince, Chinaon September 7, 1927, led by Mao Zedong, who established a short-lived Hunan Soviet.
Mao led a small army of peasants to fight the
Kuomintangand the landlords of Hunan. The uprising was defeated by Kuomintang forces and Mao was forced to retreat to the Jinggang Mountains on the border between Hunanand Jiangxiprovince, where emerged an army of miners. This was the first armed uprising by the Communists, and it marked a significant change in their strategy. Mao and Red Army founder Zhu Dewent on to develop a rural based strategy that centered on guerrilla tactics, paving the way to the Long Marchof 1934.
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