Ragnar Granit


Ragnar Granit

Infobox_Scientist
name = Ragnar Arthur Granit



image_size = 150px
caption = Ragnar Arthur Granit
birth_date = October 30, 1900
birth_place = Vantaa, Finland
death_date = death date and age|1991|3|12|1900|10|30
death_place = Stockholm, Sweden
citizenship = Finnish (1900-1991)
Swedish (1940-1991)
residence = Finland, Sweden
field = Physiology
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
work_institution =
known_for =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1967)

Ragnar Arthur Granit (October 30, 1900, Vantaa, Finland – March 12, 1991, Stockholm, Sweden) was a Finnish scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1967 along with Haldan Keffer Hartline and George Wald.

Granit graduated in 1927 from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Helsinki, Finland. When Finland became the target of a massive Soviet attack in 1940 during the Winter War (1939 - 1940), Granit sought refuge - and peaceful surroundings for his studies and research work - in the neighbouring capital of Sweden, Stockholm, at the age of 40.

In the same year, 1940, Granit also received Swedish citizenship, which made it possible for him to go on with his work and live without having to worry about the war, which lasted until 1945 in Finland. Granit kept his Finnish citizenship as well, and he remained a patriotic Finn throughout his life. After the "Finnish-Russian Wars", Granit kept homes both in Finland and Sweden.

Granit said that his Nobel prize "belongs fifty-fifty to Finland and Sweden".

References


*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Kernell
first=D
authorlink=
year=2000|month=Dec.
title=Ragnar Granit 100 years--memories and reflections
journal=Journal of the history of the neurosciences
volume=9
issue=3
pages=280–5
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 11232369
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =
doi = 10.1076/jhin.9.3.280.1791

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Noguera Palau JJ
first=
authorlink=
year=2000|month=Apr.
title= [Ragnar Granit. Helsinki (1900-1991)]
journal=Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
volume=75
issue=4
pages=293–4
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 11151162
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Raju
first=T N
authorlink=
year=1999|month=Aug.
title=The Nobel Chronicles. 1967: George Wald (1906-97); Ragnar A Granit (1900-91); and Haldan Keffer Hartline (1903-83)
journal=Lancet
volume=354
issue=9178
pages=605
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 10470741
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =
doi = 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)77968-X

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Shampo
first=M A
authorlink=
coauthors=Kyle R A
year=1998|month=Nov.
title=Ragnar Granit--Nobel Laureate in Medicine
journal=Mayo Clin. Proc.
volume=73
issue=11
pages=1082
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 9818044
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Grillner
first=S
authorlink=
year=1995|month=.
title=Ragnar Granit - 30 October 1900--11 March 1991
journal=Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society (Great Britain)
volume=41
issue=
pages=183–97
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 11615354
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Bouman
first=H D
authorlink=
year=1968|month=Feb.
title=Ragnar Granit, M.D., Ph.D
journal=American journal of physical medicine
volume=47
issue=1
pages=1
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 4868641
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Dolwing
first=J E
authorlink=
coauthors=Ratliff F
year=1967|month=Oct.
title=Nobel prize: 3 named for medicine, physiology award (George Wald, Ragnar Granit and Haldan Keffer Hartline)
journal=Science
volume=158
issue=800
pages=468–73
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 4860394
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =
doi = 10.1126/science.158.3800.468

External links

* [http://www.rgs.fi Ragnar Granit Foundation]
* [http://www.rgi.fi/ Ragnar Granit Institute]
* [http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/1967/granit-bio.html Biography of Ragnar Granit at the Nobel Foundation site]

Persondata
NAME= Granit, Ragnar Arthur
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Finnish scientist
DATE OF BIRTH= October 30, 1900
PLACE OF BIRTH= Helsinki, Finland
DATE OF DEATH= March 12, 1991
PLACE OF DEATH= Stockholm, Sweden


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