- Alexander Vvedensky (poet)
Alexander Ivanovich Vvedensky ( _ru. Александр Иванович Введенский; 1904–1941) was a
Russian poet with formidable influence on "unofficial" and avant-garde art during and after the times of the Soviet Union. Vvedensky is widely considered (among contemporary Russian writers and literary scholars) as one of the most original and important authors to write in Russian in the early Soviet period. He is placed on par with writers such as Andrei Platonovfor innovation in the language.Fact|date=February 2007 Vvedensky considered his own poetry "a critique of reason more powerful than Kant's."
He is also a legendary figure of Leningrad culture, especially due to a legend that he made love to a woman (or women, plural) in the glass dome of the famous "Singer Building" (Dom Knigi) overlooking
Nevsky Prospectin the middle of the city Fact|date=February 2007.
Vvedensky was born in
St. Petersburg, Russia, and took an interest in poetry at an early age. An admirer of Velemir Khlebnikov, Vvedensky sought apprenticeships with writers connected to Russian Futurism. In the early 1920s he studied with well-known avant-garde artists from Futurist circles such as Matiushin and Tufanov and Terentiev, at the newly formed GInHuK state arts school (headed up by Kazimir Malevich).
In Tufanov's sound-poetry circle he met
Daniil Kharms, with whom he went on to found the OBERIUgroup (in 1928). Together Kharms and Vvedensky, along with several other young writers, actors, and artists, staged various readings, plays, and cabaret-style events in Leningrad in the late 1920s. Vvedensky, as written in the OBERIU manifesto, was considered the most radical poet of the group.
Vvedensky, like Kharms, worked in children's publishing to get by, and was also quite accomplished in the field. He wrote vignettes for children's magazines, translated books of children's literature, and wrote several children's books of his own.
He was arrested for a short while in 1931–1932 on charges of belonging to a faction of anti-soviet children's writers. During interrogations he was also accused of encoding anti-soviet messages in "
zaum" or sound poetry.
After the arrest and a short exile in
Kursk, he returned to Leningrad. In the mid-1930s he moved to Kharkov. There, in 1941, at the start of World War II, he was unable to board a crowded evacuation train. He stayed on in Kharkov hoping to catch up later with his family, but was arrested under suspicion of planning treason and shipped off to labor camp. He died of dysenteryon the way, though some accounts say he may have been shot, or thrown off the train because he was sick, or both.
Most of his poetry was not widely known during his lifetime and not published in Russia until much later. He was known in small circles of writers in Leningrad —
Anna Akhmatovapraised one of his later poems, "Elegy," very highly.
A two-volume collected works came out first in America, and then in Moscow in 1991. His idiosyncratic, morbidly humorous, and linguistically innovative work has slowly begun to be translated into English and anthologized with other OBERIU writers.
* [http://vvedensky.by.ru/ Vvedensky] ru icon
* [http://www.klassika.ru/stihi/vvedenskij/ Vvedenskij] ru icon
* [http://www.vvedensky.by.ru Complete works of Alexander Vvedensky online] ru icon
* [http://www.gugoveles.com/Vvedensky_inmate.htm An English translation of "An Inmate Who Became a Wave"] by American
* [http://www.bc.edu/publications/newarcadia/archives/2/vvedensky/ Full text article on Vvedensky] en icon
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