Duke of Limburg

Duke of Limburg
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Limburg

The counts of Limburg rose to prominence when one of their house was appointed Duke of Lower Lorraine.

Though Lorraine was soon confiscated, the ducal title was kept within the family, transferred it to the county of Limburg, which was eventually ratified by the Holy Roman Emperor. Thereafter, the dukes of Limburg were one of several lines of heirs of the territory and title of the old duke of Lower Lorraine. After the occupation in 1794 by the French, the old Austrian Duchy of Limburg was disbanded and became part of the département of Meuse-Inférieure.

The title "Duke of Limburg" was revived after the foundation of the "new style" Duchy of Limburg as a result of the Treaty of London in 1839. According to this treaty the duchy (without the cities of Maastricht and Venlo), was joined to the German Confederation. After the collapse of this confederation in 1866, Limburg as a duchy ceased to exist and was for good incorporated into the Kingdom of the Netherlands as a province.


Counts of Limburg (1065–1119)

House of Ardennes

Dukes of Limburg (1119–1794)

House of Ardennes

  • 1119–1139 : Waleran II (son of, also kept the ducal title his father had been granted as ruler of Lower Lorraine)
  • 1139–1170 : Henry II (son of, also count of Arlon)
  • 1170–1221 : Henry III (son of, also count of Arlon)
  • 1221–1226 : Waleran III (son of, also count of Arlon and Lord of Monjoie)
  • 1226–1247 : Henry IV (son of, also count of Berg and Lord of Monjoie)
  • 1247–1279 : Waleran IV (son of)
  • 1279–1283 : Ermengarde (daughter of, married Reginald I, Duke of Guelders)

The Duchy of Limburg was lost in 1288 to the dukes of Brabant in the Battle of Worringen.

House of Leuven

  • 1288–1294 : John I (also duke of Brabant and Dukes of Lothier)
  • 1294–1312 : John II (son of, also duke of Brabant and Dukes of Lothier)
  • 1312–1355 : John III (son of, also duke of Brabant and Dukes of Lothier)
  • 1355–1406 : Joanna (daughter of, married)

House of Valois

  • 1406–1415 : Anthony (great-nephew of)
  • 1415–1427 : John IV (son of)
  • 1427–1430 : Philip I also called Philip of Saint Pol - (brother of)
  • 1430–1467 : Philip II also called Philip the Good (cousin of)
  • 1467–1477 : Charles I also called Charles the Bold (son of)
  • 1477–1482 : Mary (daughter of, married Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, regent from 1482 until 1494)

House of Habsburg

After the abdication of Charles II, the Seventeen Provinces went to the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg.

  • 1555–1598 : Philip IV (son of, also King of Spain)
  • 1598–1621 : Isabella and Albert (daughter and son-in-law of)
  • 1621–1665 : Philip V (nephew of)
  • 1665–1700 : Charles III (son of, also King of Spain)
  • 1700–1706 : Philip VI (cousin of, also King of Spain)

After the death of Philips VI the Seventeen Provinces returned to the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg.

House of Habsburg-Lorraine

Dukes of Limburg (1839–1866)

House of Orange-Nassau

See also

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