Penalty area


Penalty area

The penalty area (colloquiallly also known as the 18-yard box, penalty box or simply the box), is an area of an association football pitch. It is rectangular and extends 16.5 metres (18 yards) to each side of the goal and 16.5 metres in front of it. Within the penalty area is the penalty spot (or penalty mark), which is 13 metres (15 yards) from the goal line, directly in-line with the centre of the goal. A penalty arc adjoins the penalty area, and encloses the area within 9.15 metres (10 yards) from the penalty spot; it does not form part of the penalty area and is only of relevance during the taking of a penalty kick. [http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/federation/laws_of_the_game_0708_10565.pdf Laws of the Game at Fifa.com]

Previously, penalty areas extended the width of the field, but were reduced to their current dimensions in 1901.

Functions

Fouls punishable by a direct free kick (i.e. handling the ball and most physical fouls), committed by the defensive team within the penalty area, may be penalised by a penalty kick. A penalty kick is taken from the penalty spot.

The penalty area has other functions, including:
* Goalkeepers: The area delimiting the area in which a goalkeeper may legally handle the ball;
* Goal kicks: The ball is not in play until it has left the area, and opposing players must remain outside the area until this time;
* Defensive direct free kicks and indirect free kicks: Again, the ball is not in play until it has left the area, and opposing players must remain outside the area until this time;
* Taking of penalty kicks: players other than the kicker and the goalkeeper must remain outside the area (and also the penalty arc) until the kick has been taken.

References

ee also

* Penalty shootout
* Football pitch


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • penalty area — penalty areas N COUNT In soccer, the penalty area is the rectangular area in front of the goal. Inside this area the goalkeeper is allowed to handle the ball, and if the defending team breaks a rule here, the opposing team gets a penalty. [mainly …   English dictionary

  • penalty area — (also penalty box) ► NOUN Soccer ▪ the rectangular area marked out in front of each goal, within which a foul by a defender involves the award of a penalty kick …   English terms dictionary

  • penalty area — penalty .area n the area in front of the ↑goal in football. The team opposing you is given a ↑penalty if you break a rule there …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • penalty area — penalty ,area noun count in soccer, the area in front of the goal where the GOALKEEPER is allowed to hold the ball and where a penalty is given if a player breaks a rule …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • penalty area — noun : an area 44 yards wide and 18 yards deep in front of each goal on a soccer field within which an infringement of given rules by a defending player causes a penalty kick to be awarded to the opposing team * * * ˈpenalty area [penalty area]… …   Useful english dictionary

  • penalty area — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms penalty area : singular penalty area plural penalty areas in football, the area in front of the goal where the goalkeeper is allowed to hold the ball and where a penalty is given if a player breaks a rule …   English dictionary

  • penalty area — noun An area of a soccer pitch extending 18 yards out of the goal, inside which a penalty is given to the offensive team if a foul is made by the defensive team. Syn: penalty box …   Wiktionary

  • penalty area — also penalty box noun (C) the area in front of the goal (3) in football, in which the breaking of a rule means that the opposing team gets a penalty (4) …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • penalty area — Soccer. the area, 44 yd. (40 m) wide and 18 yd. (16 m) deep, centered on the goal line and extending in front of the goal, where a foul by a defensive player results in a penalty kick for the offensive team. [1900 05] * * * …   Universalium

  • penalty area — noun Soccer the rectangular area marked out in front of each goal, within which a foul by a defender involves the award of a penalty kick …   English new terms dictionary


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