- Ashton Canal
The Ashton Canal is a
canalbuilt in Greater Manchesterin Northern England.
The Ashton leaves the
Rochdale Canalat Ducie St. Junction in central Manchester, and climbs for six miles (10 km) and 18 locks, passing through Ancoats, Holt Town, Bradford-with-Beswick, Clayton, Openshaw, Droylsden, Fairfield and Audenshaw to make a head-on junction with the Huddersfield Narrow Canal(formerly the Huddersfield Canal) at Whitelands Basin in the centre of Ashton-under-Lyne. At Bradford, the canal passes by the venue of the 2002 Commonwealth Games.
Apart from the Rochdale and Huddersfield Narrow canals, the Ashton Canal only currently connects with one other canal. Just short of Whitelands, at Dukinfield Junction/Portland Basin a short arm crosses the river Tame on the Tame Aqueduct, and makes a head-on junction with the
Peak Forest CanalFact|date=September 2007.
There used to be four other important connections to branch canals: the
Islington Branch Canalin Ancoats; the Stockport Branch Canalfrom Clayton to Stockport (Heaton Norris); the Hollinwood Branch Canalfrom Fairfield to Hollinwood; and the Fairbottom Branch Canal(itself a branch of the Hollinwood Branch Canal) from Waterhouses to Fairbottom. There was to have been a fifth branch, namely the Beat Bank Branch Canal(itself a branch of Stockport Branch Canal) from Reddish to Beat Bank in Denton, but this was abandoned before completion.
Many of the canal locks are now listed buildings. [http://www.manchester.gov.uk/planning/heritage/listed/streets1.htm]
The first section between Ancoats Lane to Ashton-under-Lyne and
Hollinwoodwas completed in 1796, followed by the lines to Heaton Norrisand Fairbottomin 1797. Although there were plans to link it to the Rochdale Canal, it opened as an isolated waterway. The canal received its Act of Parliament in 1792. Benjamin Outramwas retained to complete the final section between Ancoats Lane and the Rochdale Canal including the Piccadilly Basin. It included the unique Store Street Aqueduct, believed to be the first major such structure in Britain and the oldest still in use today.
The section was completed by 1798, but the necessary extension by the Rochdale proprietors to the
Bridgewater Canalwas not built until 1800. Although the Huddersfield Narrow Canalwas open as far as Woolroadby 1798, neither it, nor the Peak Forest Canalwere complete. In fact it was another ten years before the former connected to Yorkshireand the east coast.
With little but local trade in its early years, the canal struggled financially and a dividend was not paid until 1806.
It then prospered until competition from railways, and later road transport, greatly diminished traffic, and through traffic had ended by 1945. Traffic on the branches ended in the 1930s. Following nationalisation in 1947-8, traffic did not revive, and all traffic had ceased by 1958, after which maintenance was run down. By 1961, combined with vandalism, the canal had become unnavigable, and its retention for pleasure use seemed unlikely.
The Ashton Canal was one of seven stretches of canal, formerly designated as remainder waterways, which were re-classified by the British Waterways Act of 8 February 1983. Under the act, a total of 82 route miles (132km) were upgraded to Cruising Waterway Standard.Lewis A. Edwards, (1985), "Inland Waterways of Great Britain", 6th Ed, Imray Laurie Norie & Wilson, ISBN 0-85288-081-2]
Pressure from the Inland Waterways Association, combined with the formation of the Peak Forest Canal Society, led to a campaign to reopen the Ashton, with the major organised volunteer clearance of the section though Droylsden in September 1968, known as Operation Ashton. Further campaigning, and the growth of local authority support, led to its restoration, along with the adjacent lower Peak Forest Canal, and reopening on 1 April 1974. The Ashton Canal was one of seven stretches of canal, formally designated as remainder waterways, which were re-classified by the British Waterways Act of 8 February 1983. Under the act, a total of 82 route miles (132km) were upgraded to Cruising Waterway Standard.
The restoration of these two canals opened up the
Cheshire Ring, an immediately- (and still-) popular one-week leisure cruise circling much of east Cheshire. With the opening of the Southern Pennine canals, the Ashton is now also part of the South Pennine Ring(Rochdale and Huddersfield Narrow) and the longest Pennine Ring of all ( Outer Pennine Ring- Leeds & Liverpool and Huddersfield Narrow).
It used to be common to hear reports of unfortunate incidents along the Ashton, such as thefts from boats and intimidating, or at least unnerving, behaviour on the part of some local youths and children. This, for a time, caused boats to go through in convoys. [cite news |title = COPS AHOY IN NEW CANAL CRUISER |url = |work = Manchester Evening News |publisher = |date = 13 July 1996 |accessdate = 2006-10-23 ] [cite news |title = Bicentenary of Ashton Canal may help to return it to its former glory |url = |work = Manchester Evening News |publisher = |date = 17 March 1997 |accessdate = 2006-10-23 ] [cite news |title = Pirates ahoy on urban waterway |url = |work = Manchester Evening News |publisher = |date = 2 November 2004 |accessdate = 2006-10-23 ] Today the Ashton Canal is increasingly valued by the communities through which it passes, and although many boaters still advise others to cover the Ashton during early hours, and not in school holidays, reports of problems often turn out to be the repeated telling of old stories. Portland Basin is a good overnight mooring after ascending the Ashton locks, if one does not wish to proceed beyond Romiley.
There are current campaigns to restore the Hollinwood Branch and Stockport Branches.
*Schofield, R.B., (2000) "Benjamin Outram," Cardiff: Merton Priory Press
* [http://www.penninewaterways.co.uk/ashton/ Virtual Tour]
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