- Nathan Lewis Miller
name = Nathan Lewis Miller
order = 43rd
office = Governor of New York
term_start = 1921
term_end = 1922
predecessor = Alfred E. Smith
successor = Alfred E. Smith
birth_date = birth date|1868|10|10|mf=y
Solon, New York
death_date = death date and age|1953|6|26|1868|10|10|mf=y
party = Republican
Nathan Lewis Miller (
October 10, 1868Solon, Cortland County, New York– June 26, 1953) was an American lawyer and politician who was Governor of New Yorkfrom 1921 to 1922.
He was the son of Samuel Miller, a tenant farmer, and Almira Russell Miller. He attended Groton Union School, and graduated from
Cortland Normal Schoolin 1887. Then he studied law in Cortland, New York. He never went to law school but was allowed to read a lawyer's texts in return for tending to his office. He was admitted to the state bar in 1893. On November 23, 1896, he married Elizabeth Davern, and they had six children.
He entered politics as a Republican, and started his political career in Cortland as
corporation counsel. Eventually he moved to corporate law and his rise in politics was strongly helped by his relationship with Andrew Carnegieand the United States Steel Corporation. Miller helped to effect the mergers that created this early mega-corporation. The merger helped Carnegie get out of the steel business and make him the richest man in the world at the time.
New York State Comptrollerfrom 1901 to 1903, first appointed to fill the unexpired term of Erastus C. Knightwho had been elected Mayor of Buffalo, then re-elected to another term.
He was a justice of the
New York Supreme Courtfrom 1903 to 1915, from 1904 on serving on its Appellate Division. On January 13, 1913, he was appointed an associate judge of the New York Court of Appealsunder the amendment of 1899, and resigned his judicial office on July 30, 1915. He served as President of the New York State Bar Associationin 1920. He nominated Herbert Hooverfor president at the 1920 Republican National Convention.
Miller was Governor of
New Yorkfrom January 1921 to December 1922. As governor he instituted numerous economy measures and estimated he saved taxpayers $20 million. Against opposition from New York City Mayor John F. Hylan, Miller fashioned the law creating the New York City Transit Commission. He found the death penaltynecessary, and was against its abolition. Miller was against women's rights, telling the League of Women Votersin 1921, that they were "dangerous." He told their convention they were “a menace to American institutions.” He was defeated in a bid for re-election by his predecessor Al Smith, whom he had unseated in 1920. Miller was a strong supporter of the Roman Catholic Church, his wife's religion, and converted to Catholicism on his deathbed.
From 1925 on he served as
general counselfor U.S. Steel. He, like his old adversary Smith was active in the American Liberty League, a bipartisan anti- New Dealgroup founded by wealthy conservatives. While still the leading partner at his law firmin 1938, Carnegie's Pittsburgh Steamship Company named a ship "Governor Miller" in his honor.
In January 1952 the New York State Bar Association awarded Miller its first gold medal for "distinguished service to the legal profession."
He died in 1953 at his New York hotel residence after fracturing his hip following a vacation in
Arizona. He was buried in Cortland at the historic Cortland Rural Cemetery.
* [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9900E6D91E39EF32A25752C3A9649D946097D6CF] Appointment as Comptroller, in NYT on December 31, 1901
* [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C05EEDA1039E333A25752C1A9679D946297D6CF] appointment to the Supreme Court, in NYT on November 11, 1903
* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/miller6.html] Political Graveyard
* [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9404EED7113FEE3ABC4953DFB366838A639EDE] His opinion on the death penalty, in NYT on May 1, 1921
* [https://www.courts.state.ny.us/history/elecbook/thereshallbe/pg99.htm] History of Court of Appeal
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6844267] Find a Grave
* [http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=c2b866dcd8d4b010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD] Bio at NGA
* [http://www.patspresidentialplaces.com/nmiller.html] Pat's Presidential Places
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