- Kazan State University
Kazan University is known as "the birthplace of organic chemistry" due to works of
Aleksandr Butlerov, Vladimir Markovnikov, Aleksandr Arbuzov, and others.
Kazan's oldest part of the university building contains three classical portals along its white facade from the original 1822 construction. Included with this building is the First Boys' Gymnasium and the private residence of
Prince Tenichevthat was given to the university at the time of its founding. From 1832 through 1841, architect M. Korinfskyconstructed the rest of the buildings. These included the Anatomy Theatre, the Library, the Chemistry and Physics Laboratories and the Observatory, completed the University complex and gave it its neo-classical look. The building of the Chemistry Faculty was constructed in 1954 by the students themselves.
Kazan University Library has one of the world's most important bibliographical collections, including 15,000 manuscripts and 3,000 rare books. Opened in 1809, it first contained Count G. Potemkin's books that were brought to Kazan in 1799 mixed with collections of the earliest bibliophiles
V. Polyanskyand N. Bulich. Subsequently, the Solovetsky Monasterycollections were added to the library.
These original books remain and are kept in the special depository of the library. In this special collection are Arabic manuscripts of philosophers and scholars
Mansur Al-Hallajand Avicenna(11-th century) and Ashshakhrestani(12-th century), a manuscript copy of the Pentateuch, the first Russian printed book " The Apostle" (1564), the " Books of Kingdoms" by Francisco Skorin(1518) and the " Code of Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich" (1649). The Library has first editions of the 18th-century books by Pushkin, Griboyedov, Gogol, Nasíriand Tuqay.
The library contains many 19th century periodicals, and literature about Kazan and the surrounding region. The library boasts itself as "the pride of the University and an invaluable source of information for any researcher." The original library building was built between 1825 and 1833 by Rector N. Lobachevsky, who was at the same time the Chief Librarian of the University. The Library, which now bears his name, is still growing, and even its new building cannot house all the collections. Kazan University also has many museums.
Famous faculty and alumni
* Aleksandr Arbuzov
Jan Niecisław Baudouin de Courtenay
* Aleksandr Butlerov
* Vladmir Illych Ulyanov (Vladimir Lenin) (expelled)
* Ivan Yakovlev
* Nikolay Lobachevski
* Vladimir Markovnikov
* Nikolay Beketov
Nicolay A. Vasiliev
Karl Ernst Claus
Aleksandr Petrovich Norden
Education in Russia
List of Kazan State University's rectors
List of universities in Russia
* [http://www.kcn.ru/tat_en/university/index.php3 Kazan State University Official Site]
* [http://www.ksu.ru/miku/eng/ekskurs/istoki/s3.php Museum of History of Kazan University]
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